Local Anesthetics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Local Anesthetics Deck (12):
1

only local anesthetic to cause its own vasoconstriction

cocaine

2

which local anesthetics are most potent and have the longest duration of action and why?

CPMLPBET
C
P
M
L
P
Bupivacaine
E
Tetracaine

3

list the short acting locals please

procaine
chlorPROCAINE

pros
PC - LMP - BRET

4

list the intermediate acting locals pelase

LiMP

lidocaine
mepivacaine
prilocaine

PC-LMP-BRET

5

list the long acting locals please

tetracaine
bupivacaine
etidocaine
ropicavaince

PC - LMP - BRET

6

effect of locals on the cardiovascular system

block sodium channels so depresses cardiac pacemaker activity, excitabiltiy and conduction -> causes arteriolar dilation --> hypotension

7

effects of cocaine on cardiovascular

hypertension
vasoconstriction
arrhythmias

8

which is the most cardiotoxic

B= PC-LMP-BRET

long acting bupivacaine

9

What effect does prilocaine ahve on the blood

prilocaine -- o-tulidine --> methemoglobin

10

esters or amines make PABA and an allergic reaction

esters make PABA

11

which local makes a lot of PABA?

procaine

PC-LMP-BRET

12

what else does paba do besides allergic reaction

procaine - paba - inhibits the action fo suldonamides