Lower and upper tract gynelogical infections Flashcards Preview

Year 2 OBGYN > Lower and upper tract gynelogical infections > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lower and upper tract gynelogical infections Deck (16):
1

screening recommendation for gonorrhea and chlamydia

- what is most sensitive

annual for sexually active under 25 yo and over 25 if RF

- PCR is most sensitive

2

hepatitis C screening recommendation

one time testing if born from 1945-1965 and unknown status

3

HIV screening recommendation

- screen at least once age 13-64
- annual screening based on risk factors
- opt out screening is ideal

4

what are the preexposure vaccines

HBV
HAV
HPV

5

when is the HBV recommended?

all unvaccinated, uninfected persons being evaluated for STD

6

gardasil protects against which HPV strains?

6, 11, 16, 18

7

which HPV strains cause 90% of condylomas?

HPV 6 and 11

8

which HPV strains cause 70% of cervical cancer?

HPV 16 and 18

9

when should HPV vaccine be administered?

between 11 and 26

10

which type of lubricants are best?

water based

11

are condoms with spermicide recommended? why or why not?

no

increased UTI risk

12

what is the ideal type of screening for HIV? when is it done for pregnant patients?

opt out (screen everyone unless they opt out)

retest in 3rd trimester if high risk

13

when is syphilis tested for pregnant patients?

3rd trimester

14

when is chlamydia and gonorrhea retesting done for pregnant patients?

3rd trimester

15

what % of people are unaware that they are HIV positive?

1 in 5 (18%)

16

what is required for the HIV western blot diagnosis?

positive test requires at least 2 specific HIV-1 antigens (p24, GP41, GP120/160)