Lungs Flashcards Preview

Board Review: General Anatomy Respiratory Anatomy > Lungs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lungs Deck (16):
1

The lungs provide a surface area for what?

Gaseous exchange over 40 sq meters per lung

2

Each lung has what features?

Apex (cervical)
Base (diaphragmatic)
Lateral surface (costovertebral)
Medial surface (mediastinal)

3

The right lung is what compared to left lung?

Bigger
Wider
Shorter

4

The L lung is what compared to R lung?

Smaller
Narrower
Shorter

5

Each lung is made up of several what?

Bronchopulmonary segments

6

Each bronchopulmonary segment is what shape?

Pyramidal (apex directed towards hilum)

7

How many segments are there in the R lung?

10

8

What are the 10 segments in R lung?

Upper lobe-apical, posterior and anterior
Middle lobe-lateral and medial
Lower lobe-superior, lateral, anterior, medial, posterior basal.

9

How many segments does the L lung have?

8 or 9

10

What are the segments of the L lung?

Upper lobe - apicoposterior, anterior, superior, inferior lingual
Lower lobe - superior, anterior, lateral, posterior basal

11

What drains each segment?

Inter-segmental V

12

Intersegmental veins empty into what?

Azygos venous system or into pulmonary veins

13

What are derived from bronchial branches of aorta?

Segmental A

14

In the root of the lungs what lies behind? below?

Behind: Bronchus
Below: Veins

15

Where does the pulmonary A lie on the right side?

In R lung root anterior to bronchus

16

Where does the pulmonary A lie on the Left side?

Superior to bronchus (RALeS)*