Lungs and Pleural Cavity Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lungs and Pleural Cavity Deck (28):
1

body cavities are ____ membranes

serous

2

the membranous areas of the body are:

pleural (lungs), cranial, pericardial, spinal, pelvic, abdominal

3

parietal pleura is both on the ___ and ___ of lungs

top bottom

4

the parts of the parietal pleura:

diaphragmatic, mediastinal, costal, cervical, outside of lung area

5

visceral pleura of the lung:

covers the actual lung in the "pleural cavity" the inside of the balloon

6

apex of the heart

bottom of cartoon heart,

7

the outer (parietal) pleura and inner most (visceral) pleura create a:

pleural cavity

8

pleural cavity filled with air:

pneumothorax

9

Pleural cavity filled with water:

pleural effusion hydrothorax

10

Pleura cavity filled with pus:

empyema/pyothorax

11

atelectasis:

a complete or partial collapse of a lung or lobe of a lung — develops when the tiny air sacs (alveoli) within the lung become deflated. It's a breathing (respiratory) complication after surgery.

12

thoracocentesis:

is a procedure to remove fluid from the space between the lungs and the chest wall called the pleural space. It is done with a needle (and sometimes a plastic catheter) inserted through the chest wall.

13

anatomy of right lung:

Apex, Upper lobe, horizontal fissure, middle lobe, oblique fissure, lower lobe

14

anatomy of left lung:

apex, upper lobe, oblique fissure, lower lobe, inferior border, lingula, costal surface, anterior border

15

hilum of lung

inner part containing pulmonary artery above pulmonary vein

16

horizontal fissure of right lung is located at rib:

3/4

17

nipple is between:

4/5

18

inferior border of right lung:

around or below 6

19

PE – Pulmonary Embolism

Block pulmonary artery, (as in DVT – deep vein thrombosis)

20

Pulmonary Edema

Left side congestive heart failure (CHF) due to either valve or muscle failure often leads to increase pulmonary veinous pressure and increase lung tissue edema
Kerley B lines

21

Pneumonia

Infection of lung with fluid exudate in respiratory alveoli with loss of respiratory membrane function (lobar vs. segmental)

22

Conduction/Respiration of Right Side

Right Main Branch, Upper Middle Lower Lobe, APA, ML, LAMPS

23

Conduction/Respiration of Left Side

Left Main Branch, Upper, Lingual, Lower, Apico-posterior, posterior, anterior, superior and inferior, lamps (possible antero-medial)

24

Middle area between two main branches;

carina (carina burana)

25

there are reflections on the right side of the parietal pleura at which intercostal spaces?

2,4,6,8,10,12 (Mediastinal, diaphragmatic, cervical, etc)

26

the left side of the lungs have reflections of the parietal pleura at even numbers, but the difference is the:

"Bare area" produced by the heart

27

the primary bronchi are divided by the:

carina

28

there are _____ pulmonary segments: ___ on right ____ on left

18, 10, 8