Flashcards in Major Blood Vessels and Patterns of Blood Flow Deck (43):
What is the term used to describe where 2 blood supplies come together in the same organ
What supplies blood to the head
-left common carotid
Where do the renal arteries go to?
Where do the gonadal arteries go to?
testicles or ovaries
What are the formed elements of blood
red/white blood cells
What is the membrane/"bag" that the lungs sit in?
What is the membrane the heart sits in?
What is the region called between the lungs that the heart sits in?
Where are arteries usually found
Where are veins usually found
Deep and superficial
What are the 3 branches of the aortic arch
Brachiocephalic trunk, left common carotid, left subclavian
What does the brachial artery branch into
When it crosses the elbow it branches into the radial and ulnar arteries from which circulation to the hand through palmar arches and digital branches is supplied
What does the subclavian artery branch into
When the subclavian artery crosses the first rib it becomes the axillary artery.
What does the axillary artery branch into
When the axillary artery crosses the axilla to enter the arm, it becomes the brachial artery.
What are the 3 superficial veins of the upper arm
Cephalic, median cubodial, and basilic.
(ceiling over basement)
Which artery supplies neck, jaw, and face structures?
external carotid artery
Which arteries supply the brain?
internal carotid and vertebral arteries
Where does the internal carotid artery go through
Proceeds unbranched through the neck to enter the cranial vault
Where does the vertebral artery go through
Travels through transverse foramina of cervical vertebrae to enter the cranial vault
How does the common carotid artery branch
Divides into external and internal carotid arteries
Which vein(s) drain the neck, jaw, and face structures?
external jugular veins
Which vein(s) drain the brain
internal jugular vein
What do the branches of the external carotid artery consist of?
Superficial temporal, maxillary, occipital, facial, lingual
The branches of the external jugular vein consist of what?
Temporal, maxillary, facial, occipital
__________ are formed by the union of subclavian and internal jugular veins.
Which artery contributes to the posterior circulation of the brain
Which artery contributes to the anterior circulation of the brain
Which arteries supply the brain
internal carotid and vertebral arteries
The internal carotid and vertebral arteries supply the brain which is drained through the
dural venous sinuses and the internal jugular veins
What are the paired branches of the abdominal aorta
Renal, gonadal, common iliac
What are the unpaired branches of the abdominal aorta
Celiac trunk, superior mesenteric, inferior mesenteric
The regions supplied by the descending aorta are drained by what?
superior and inferior vena cavae
The organs supplied by the celiac trunk and mesenteric arteries are drained by
branches of the hepatic portal vein
What are the 3 major branches of the celiac trunk
Common hepatic artery, left gastric artery, splenic artery
What are the branches of the superior mesenteric artery
Right colic(large intestine), ileocolic(large intestine), middle colic(large intestine), intestinal arteries(small intestine)
What are the branches of the inferior mesenteric artery
Left colic (colon), sigmoid (colon), rectal (rectum)
A ___________________ occurs when a capillary bed drains into another capillary bed through a vein, without first going through the heart. Both capillary beds and the veins that connect them are considered part of the “portal system”.
venous portal system
What are the branches of the splenic vein
Left gastroepiploic (stomach), right gastroepiploic (stomach)
What are the branches of the superior mesenteric vein
Middle colic (from transverse colon), right colic (ascending colon), ileocolic (ileum and ascending colon), intestinal (small intestine)
What are the branches of the inferior mesenteric vein
Left colic (descending colon), sigmoid (sigmoid colon), superior rectal (rectum)
The _______________ is formed when the capillary beds of the gastrointestinal tract (stomach, duodenum and intestines) drain into the capillary bed of the liver through the hepatic portal vein, which brings nutrient-rich blood to the liver for processing and energy production. The processed blood then drains out of the liver through hepatic veins into the inferior vena cava, which brings it to the heart
hepatic portal system
What are the arteries of the foot?
Dorsalis pedis, medial plantar, lateral plantar, dorsal arch, plantar arch