Major Blood Vessels and Patterns of Blood Flow Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Major Blood Vessels and Patterns of Blood Flow > Flashcards

Flashcards in Major Blood Vessels and Patterns of Blood Flow Deck (43):
1

What is the term used to describe where 2 blood supplies come together in the same organ

anastomoses

2

What supplies blood to the head

-brachiocephalic trunk
-left common carotid
-left subclavian

3

Where do the renal arteries go to?

kidneys

4

Where do the gonadal arteries go to?

testicles or ovaries

5

What are the formed elements of blood

red/white blood cells
platelets

6

What is the membrane/"bag" that the lungs sit in?

pleural cavity

7

What is the membrane the heart sits in?

pericardium

8

What is the region called between the lungs that the heart sits in?

mediastinum

9

Where are arteries usually found

Deep

10

Where are veins usually found

Deep and superficial

11

What are the 3 branches of the aortic arch

Brachiocephalic trunk, left common carotid, left subclavian

12

What does the brachial artery branch into

When it crosses the elbow it branches into the radial and ulnar arteries from which circulation to the hand through palmar arches and digital branches is supplied

13

What does the subclavian artery branch into

When the subclavian artery crosses the first rib it becomes the axillary artery.

14

What does the axillary artery branch into

When the axillary artery crosses the axilla to enter the arm, it becomes the brachial artery.

15

What are the 3 superficial veins of the upper arm

Cephalic, median cubodial, and basilic.
(ceiling over basement)

16

Which artery supplies neck, jaw, and face structures?

external carotid artery

17

Which arteries supply the brain?

internal carotid and vertebral arteries

18

Where does the internal carotid artery go through

Proceeds unbranched through the neck to enter the cranial vault

19

Where does the vertebral artery go through

Travels through transverse foramina of cervical vertebrae to enter the cranial vault

20

How does the common carotid artery branch

Divides into external and internal carotid arteries

21

Which vein(s) drain the neck, jaw, and face structures?

external jugular veins

22

Which vein(s) drain the brain

internal jugular vein

23

What do the branches of the external carotid artery consist of?

Superficial temporal, maxillary, occipital, facial, lingual

24

The branches of the external jugular vein consist of what?

Temporal, maxillary, facial, occipital

25

__________ are formed by the union of subclavian and internal jugular veins.

Brachiocephalic veins

26

Which artery contributes to the posterior circulation of the brain

Vertebral artery

27

Which artery contributes to the anterior circulation of the brain

internal carotid

28

Which arteries supply the brain

internal carotid and vertebral arteries

29

The internal carotid and vertebral arteries supply the brain which is drained through the

dural venous sinuses and the internal jugular veins

30

What are the paired branches of the abdominal aorta

Renal, gonadal, common iliac

31

What are the unpaired branches of the abdominal aorta

Celiac trunk, superior mesenteric, inferior mesenteric

32

The regions supplied by the descending aorta are drained by what?

superior and inferior vena cavae

33

The organs supplied by the celiac trunk and mesenteric arteries are drained by

branches of the hepatic portal vein

34

What are the 3 major branches of the celiac trunk

Common hepatic artery, left gastric artery, splenic artery

35

What are the branches of the superior mesenteric artery

Right colic(large intestine), ileocolic(large intestine), middle colic(large intestine), intestinal arteries(small intestine)

36

What are the branches of the inferior mesenteric artery

Left colic (colon), sigmoid (colon), rectal (rectum)

37

A ___________________ occurs when a capillary bed drains into another capillary bed through a vein, without first going through the heart. Both capillary beds and the veins that connect them are considered part of the “portal system”.

venous portal system

38

What are the branches of the splenic vein

Left gastroepiploic (stomach), right gastroepiploic (stomach)

39

What are the branches of the superior mesenteric vein

Middle colic (from transverse colon), right colic (ascending colon), ileocolic (ileum and ascending colon), intestinal (small intestine)

40

What are the branches of the inferior mesenteric vein

Left colic (descending colon), sigmoid (sigmoid colon), superior rectal (rectum)

41

The _______________ is formed when the capillary beds of the gastrointestinal tract (stomach, duodenum and intestines) drain into the capillary bed of the liver through the hepatic portal vein, which brings nutrient-rich blood to the liver for processing and energy production. The processed blood then drains out of the liver through hepatic veins into the inferior vena cava, which brings it to the heart

hepatic portal system

42

What are the arteries of the foot?

Dorsalis pedis, medial plantar, lateral plantar, dorsal arch, plantar arch

43

What is occlusion?

Blockage of a blood vessel