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Flashcards in male & female genitalia Deck (16):
1

what is the most inferior part of the peritoneal cavity and what is its clinical relevance

pouch of Douglas (between uterus and rectum)
area where fluid collects

2

what are the 2 perineal muscles

ischiocavernosus
bulbospongiosus

3

name the erectile tissue in females/males

crus of clitoris/penis (becomes corpus cavernosum)

bulb of vestibule/penis (becomes corpus spongiosum)

4

what is the vasculature of the penis

(all from internal pudendal)
- 2x dorsal arteries
- 2x deep arteries
- 1x deep dorsal vein
- dorsal nerve of the penis

5

blood supply to scrotum

both internal and external pudendal arteries

6

within the spermatic cord which artery doesnt come from internal pudendal

testicular artery - from L2 branch off aortia

7

describe the route of sperm from the seminiferous tubules to the ejaculatory duct

1. seminiferous tubules
2. rete testis
3. epididymis
4. vas deferens
5. joins seminal vesicle to become ejaculatory duct

8

what vein and artery supply prostate gland

internal iliac artery and vein

9

what are the consequences of prostatic enlargement

- difficulty urinating
- incomplete urination
- incontinence

10

what are the 2 angulations in the female peritoneum

anteversion (between vagina and uterus)
anteflexion (within uterus)

11

what are the broad ligament of the uterus

- mesosalpinx

- mesovarium

- mesometrium

12

what is meant by 'water under the bridge' in females

ureter passes under uterine artery

13

what are the ligaments of the ovaries

- mesovarium

- ligament of ovaries

- suspensory ligament

14

vasculature of ovaries

ovarian artery
ovarian vein
ovarian plexus

15

where do the ovaries and testes drain lymphatics to

aortic nodes @L2

16

significance of bartholins glands

- glands responsible for mucus secretion
- susceptible to blockage leading to infection etc