male and female pelvis and perineum Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in male and female pelvis and perineum Deck (18):
1

When fluid is dump into the peritoneal cavity of females where will most probably accumulate ?

Rectouterine puch (Douglas pouch)

2

Which area can  be used to palpate or perforate the rectouterine pouch ?

The posterior fornix

3

Wheres is the most common place abdominal ectopic pregnacies ?

The rectouterine pouch

4

Support for the pelvic viscera is offered by which structures ?

* The pelvic and urogenital diaphragms
* The perineal membrane
* Perineal body
* transverse or cardinal cervical and uterosacral ligaments

5

Weakness of the supporting structures of the pelvic viscera can lead to ?

Prolapse (uterus)
Herniation (bladder or rectum)

6

During surgical procedures like histerectomy what structure should be avoided ?

The ureter
Passes inferior to the uterine artery.

7

Which structure passes behind the ischial spine and is important for anethesia ?

The pudendal nerve

8

The perineum is located below ______? and is divided into ?

Below the Pelvic diaphragm
Divided into:

* Anal triangle
* Urogenital triangle

9

The sensory_ motor innervation of the perineum is provided by ?

Pudendal nerve

10

The anal triangle contains?

Anal canal
Pudendal canal in the ischioanal fossa

11

The urogenital triangle contains which structures ?

Superficial and the root structures of the external genitalia.

12

The superficial perineal pouch contains ?

* Crura of penis or clitoris(erectile tissue)
* Bulb of penis (urethra)
* Ischiocavernosus muscle(covers crura)
* Bulbospongiosus: covers bulb
* Bartholin gland

13

The deep perineal pouch contains ?

Fascia an dmuscles of the urogenital diaphragm

14

The bulbouretheral glands  known as _______? are in the _____ perineal space

Cowper glands
deep perineal space

15

The greater vestibular glands, known as ______, are located in the ______perineal space

Bartholin glands
Superficial perineal space

16

Patient presents liquid in the scrotum, in the penis, and the anterior abdominal wall,Pain after riding a horse:
Probable Dx

Injury to the bulb of the penis or the membranous urethra

17

Penile erection is stimulated by _______, which release ______.

Parasympathetics
NO

18

Sympathetics mediates during emission the movement of ________ , and secretion of fluids from _______.

Mature spermatozoa from the epididimys and secretion from accsesory glands