Male and Female Repro System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Male and Female Repro System Deck (54):
1

What does and does not pass through perineal membrane?

Vagina & urethra do, anus does NOT

2

Which uterine ligament carries the arteries, veins, lymphatics and nerves?

The suspensory ligament of the ovary

3

The cervix is _______ in relation to the vagina. The uterus is _______ in relation to the cervix.

anteverted
antiflexed

4

Where will pain from ovary be referred?

inner thigh

5

Which tissue in the penis is erectile? Which is ejaculatory?

Erectile: corpus spongiosum & cavernosum
Ejaculatory: corpus spngiosum

6

Describe:

Vagina

Thick walled
Muscular tube

7

What are the two pouches found in females and where are they located

Vesico-uterine pouch: above bladder and next to uterus
Recto-uterine pouch: between uterus and rectum

8

Which pouch, in females, is prone to have fluid and blood build up?

Recto-uterine

9

Where does fertilsation occur

Ampulla

10

What are the parts that make up the fallopian tubes

Fundus --> isthmus --> ampulla --> infundibulum --> fimbra

11

What are the two ligaments of the uterus?

Suspensory ligament of ovaries
Round ligament

12

What are the three vessels found on the uterus

Ovarian vessels
Uterine vessels
Vaginal vessels

13

In regards to the vessels on the uterus, where do they originate from?

Ovarian --> abdominal aorta
Uterine & vaginal --> internal ileac

14

When the embryo is implanted, where does the blood supply come from?

Where ever it is implanted into

15

Where does the embryo implant into

Body of the uterus

16

What are the two most posterior parts of the uterus that 'poke' into the vagina?

Cervix then formix most posteriorly

17

What type of vagina is likely to lead to a prolapse

Retroverted

18

Where are the two corpura carvnosa found in females

Where the two isceo cavernosus muscles join into glans cliotries

19

What is the role of ischeocavernosus muscles and bulbospongiosus muscles

Female -> Squeeze and push blood --> turn on
Male --> Move blood from root -> body and constrict venous drainage

20

What is the roles of the greater vestibular gland

Females - secrete muscous

21

What is found between the perineal membrane and the pelvic diaphragm?

Deep perineal pouch

22

What is the deep perineal pouch made of

Skeletal muscles

23

What forms the sphincters in the pelvic diaphragm

Deep perineal pouch

24

What are the three levator ani muscles

Puborectalis
Pubococcygeus
Iloccocygues

25

Which two levator ani muscles are prone to tearing in child birth

Puborectalis
Pubococcygeus

26

Which muscle is important for faecal continence and why

Puborectalis --> forms a sling around the anal sphincter

27

What does the vestibule area contain

part of the vulva between the labia minora into which the urethral opening and the vaginal opening open

28

What is the midline of the scrotum called

Raphe

29

What does the testes contain

Semniferous tubules

30

What are semniferous tubules covered in

Tunica albuginea

31

What is the role of semniferous tubules

Produce spermatazoa

32

What do the semniferous tubules drain into

Rete testes

33

Role of:

Epididymous

Stores spermatazoa
Spermatazoa maturation

34

What are the three male accessory ducts

Seminal vesicle
Prostate
Bulbourethral gland

35

Role of: Prostrate

Lots of ducts and opens into prostate urethra
Adds to volume of sperm
Activates sperm

36

Role of:
Bulbourethral gland

Pre ejaculate --> mucousy
Lubricates vagina

37

Role of:
Seminal Vesicle

Adds to volume of sperm
Adds fructose --> energy source
Coagulating agent

38

What does the spermatic cord contain

Vas deferens
Testicular vein
Testicular artery

39

Describe: Benign prostatic hypertrophy

Elderly men
Central prostrate
Compresses and blockes urethra
DRE-> seems bulky

40

Describe: Prostrate Cancer

Common in all men
Entire thickness of prostate affected
DRE --> seems hard

41

Name the skin covering glans penis

Prepuce

42

Where does gonad development begin

Post abdominal wall

43

When do the gonads move down towards the canal during development>

7 months

44

When do the testes pass THROUGH the inguinal canal

9 months

45

What part of the female is homologous to the testes

Ovaries

46

What is homologous to penis

Clitoris

47

What is the labia minora homologous to

Spongy urethra

48

What is the scrotum homologous to

Labia majora

49

Which sex has corpora cavernosa

BOTH :)

50

Name the parts of the fallopian tube

Fundus --> isthmus --> ampulla --> infundibulum --> fimbra

51

Tip of penis has the

Glans

52

The testes sit in

Scrotum

53

Where is the bulbourethral gland found

In the deep peroneal pouch below the prostate gland

54

Where is the erectile tissue found in females and males

Corpus Carvenosum for both male and female