Malinowski and the Trobriand Islanders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Malinowski and the Trobriand Islanders Deck (22):
1

When was Argonauts of the Western Pacific written

1922

2

The Kula subverts the economic man argument prevalent at the time and potentially points to what?

A society where all needs are satisfied and there is no need for a market based system.

3

What do formalists believe?

That the economic assumptions governing Western societies, based on infinite demand and finite supply of human and natural resources used in the production of goods and services are applicable everywhere in every time, with all people having to make choices between alternatives for resources.

4

What is the opposite of a formalist?

A substantivist

5

What do substantivists believe?

That resources are fundamentally finite everywhere, but believing that in some places the perception of these limits is so fundamentally different to that of our own that there is really no scarcity problem. It is a position which does not presuppose rational decision making.

6

Who came up with the demarcation between formalist and substantivist

Karl Polanyi 1944

7

What are the two valid articles that circulate in the Kula?

Charma shell necklaces and white Conus shell armbands

8

Which way round do the conus shell armbands go?

anti-clockwise

9

Which was round do the Charma shell necklaces go?

Clockwise

10

What is the object of gaining an armband or necklace?

To give it on again

11

Members of the Kula can only trade with who?

Their trading partners

12

How long does a trading partnership last?

For life

13

How many trading partners would the best Kula traders have?

10

14

How long would it take something to complete the circuit?

10 years

15

What might a formalist think about the Kula exchange system?

That it performs a trade function

16

What word do the Islanders use to describe trade which shows that the Kula itself is not a form of trade?

Gimwali

17

What can be done on Kula expeditions but is not itself a part of the Kula?

Gimwali

18

Rather than being trade itself, what could the Kula be thought of as?

Facilitating trade

19

Apart from trade, what other thing is the Kula not?

A mechanism to prevent tribal warfare

20

Who had stopped inter-tribal warfare long before Malinwoski arrived?

British colonial officials

21

How does the Kula societies' political and economic power relate to the Kula?

No one can control the Kula wealth

22

What happens to the Armbands and the Necklaces as they are passed around the trading ring?

Each person makes small improvements and adjustments to them