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Digestive, Endocrine, and Metabolic Systems > Malnutrition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Malnutrition Deck (14):
1

What is marasmus?

- Severe wasting of fat and muscle due to energy deficiency
- Slower onset

2

Describe the features of Kwashiorkor.

- Edematous wasting disorder
- Protein deficiency with adequate calories
- Rapid onset
- Associated with metabolic stress and inflammation

3

Cachexia is associated with ____________.

neoplasm

4

Globally, ______ percent of children are underweight (most often due to stunted growth).

20

5

Mild wasting is _________, while severe wasting is ____________.

being 80 - 89 percent of ideal body weight (IBW) based on weight-for-height; being less than 75% of IBW

6

Kwashiorkor is typically found in _____________.

toddlers (often when the mother has another child and gives the protein-rich food to the baby)

7

Malnutrition due to chronic disease is estimated to occur in as much as ___________ of hospitalized patients.

50%

8

Edema, psychologic agitation, and hepatosplenomegaly are all characteristics of which protein energy malnutrition disorder?

Kwashiorkor

9

In the context of malnutrition, what is SAM?

Severe acute malnutrition

10

A child with moon facies, a "flaky-paint" rash, and edema might have what finding in their hair?

The "flag sign" – a stripe of hypopigmented hair that occurred when the deficiency was strongest; all signs of kwashiorkor

11

Why does edema present in kwashiorkor?

Because the child does not have the energy to make albumin

12

What general principles guide the treatment of SAM?

- Refeed slowly (roughly every four hours)
- Make diet high in protein and fat
- Gradually advance nutrient load

13

Wasting is not typical of _______________.

kwashiorkor

14

Insulin levels and fatty acid synthesis typically elevate in children with _______________.

kwashiorkor

Decks in Digestive, Endocrine, and Metabolic Systems Class (133):