Management of the Poisoned Patient Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology > Management of the Poisoned Patient > Flashcards

Flashcards in Management of the Poisoned Patient Deck (26):
0

What are the toxic features of acetaminophen?

1. Mild anorexia
2. Nausea/vomiting
3. Delayed jaundice
4. Hepatic and renal failure

1

What are the toxic features of botulism?

1. Dysphagia
2. Dysarthria
3. Ptosis
4. Ophthalmoplegia
5. Muscle weakness
6. Incubation period 12-36h

2

What are the toxic features of CO?

1. Coma
2. Metabolic acidosis
3. Retinal hemorrhages

3

What are the toxic features of cyanide?

1. Bitter almond odor
2. Seizures
3. Coma
4. Abnormal ECG

4

What are the toxic features of ethylene glycol?

1. Renal failure
2. Crystals in urine
3. Incr. anion gap and osmolar gap
4. Initial CNS excitation
5. Normal eye examination

5

What are the toxic features of iron?

1. Bloody diarrhea
2. Coma
3. Radiopaque material in gut (seen on x-ray)
4. High leukocyte count
5. Hyperglycemia

6

What are the toxic features of lead?

1. Abdominal pain
2. Hypertension
3. Seizures
4. Muscle weakness
5. Metallic taste
6. Anorexia
7. Encephalopathy
8. Delayed motor neuropathy
9. Changes in renal and reproductive function

7

What are the toxic features of LSD?

1. Hallucinations
2. Dilated pupils
3. HTN

8

What are the toxic features of mercury?

1. Acute renal failure
2. Tremor
3. Salivation
4. Gingivitis
5. Colitis
6. Erethism (fits of crying, irrational behavior)
7. Nephrotic syndrome

9

What are the toxic features of methanol?

1. Rapid inspiration
2. Visual symptoms
3. Osmolar gap
4. Severe metabolic acidosis

10

What are the toxic features of Amanita phalloides type of mushrooms?

Severe nausea and vomiting 8h after ingestion; delayed hepatic and renal failure.

11

What are the toxic effects of PCP?

1. Coma with eyes open
2. Horizontal and vertical nystagmus

12

What is the antidote to acetaminophen?

Acetylcysteine - best given within 8-10h of OD.

13

What is the antidote to cholinesterase inhibitors?

Atropine

14

What is the antidote to membrane-depressant cardiotoxic drugs (quinidine, TCAs)?

Bicarbonate sodium.

15

What is the antidote to fluoride; CCBs?

Calcium

16

What is the antidote to iron salts?

Deferoxamine

17

What is the antidote to digoxin and related cardiac glycosides?

Digoxin antibodies.

18

What is the antidote to caffeine, theophylline, sympathomimetics?

Esmolol

19

What is the antidote to methanol, ethylene glycol?

Ethanol and fomepizole.

20

What is the antidote to benzodiazepines, zolpidem?

Flumazenil

21

What is the antidote to beta blockers?

Glucagon

22

What is the antidote to hypoglycemics?

Glucose

23

What is the antidote to cyanide?

Hydroxocobalamin

24

What is the antidote to opioid analgesic?

Naloxone

25

What is the antidote to CO?

Oxygen

Decks in Pharmacology Class (54):