Manual 106 -113: Osteology and Arthrology Pelvis/Gluteal Flashcards Preview

Anatomy Lower Limb > Manual 106 -113: Osteology and Arthrology Pelvis/Gluteal > Flashcards

Flashcards in Manual 106 -113: Osteology and Arthrology Pelvis/Gluteal Deck (108):
1

not articular fossa of acetabulum

acetabular fossa

2

articular portion of acetabulum

lunate surface
- peripheral acetabulum

3

two names for external surface of ilium

wing/ala
dorsum ilii

4

gluteus maximus origin is posterior to what line

posterior gluteal on ala

5

gluteus medius origin is between

posterior and anterior gluteal line

6

gluteus minimu origin is between..

anterior gluteal line and inferior gluteal line

7

origin between inferior gluteal line and margin acetabulum

rectus femoris

8

attachments external lip iliac crest

fascia lata
tensor fascia latae

9

attachments internal lip iliac crest

iliac fascia
iliacus

10

attachments to ASIS

SITI

sartorius
iliacus
tensor fascia latae m
inguinal ligaments

11

attachments to AIIS

SIP

straight head rectus femoris
iliofemoral ligament
portion of iliacus m

12

attachment to groove medial to AIIS

psoas major/ iliacus

13

- site of fusion b/w pubis/ilium
- medial to groove for iliopsoas

iliopectineal eminence

14

attachment to PSIS

sacroiliac ligament

15

attachment to iliac fossa

iliacus m

16

articulation b/w sacrum and ilium

sacroiliac joint

17

takes origin from internal surface of body of ilium

obturator internus

18

does the ilium have a ramus?

no

19

body and wing of ilium are separate internally by ...

- arcuate line
- externally by the margin acetablulum

20

the greater sciatic notch is formed by

- both ischium and ilium
- proximal is inferior to PIIS
- distal ends ischial spine

21

strongest most inferior hip bone

ischium

22

separates greater and lesser sciatic notches

ischial spine

23

attachments to ischial spine

- sacrospinalis ligament
- superior gemellus m

24

attachments to ischial tuberosity

- quadratus femoris [lateral tuberosity tear-dropped facet]
- inferior gemellus [superomedial tuberosity]
- semimebranosus [ upper lateral quadrilateral portion]
- long head biceps femoris [ below oblique line quadrilateral portion]
- semitendinosus [ below oblique line quadrilateral portion]
- addcutor magnus [traingular portion ]
- sacrotuberous ligament [triangular portion]

25

separates hamstring origins

oblique line
- semimebranosus to upper lateral
- long head biceps femoris and semitendinosus below

26

attachments to qudrilateral portion of ischial tuberosity

- oblique line separates the hamstring origins
- semimembranosus on upper lateral portion
- long head biceps femoris and semitendinosus below

27

attachments to triangular portion of ischial tuberosity

- adductor magnus
- sacrotuberous ligament

28

attachment to internal surface of ischium

obterator internus

29

direction of ischial ramus

directed anteriorly from ischial tuberosity and joins the inferior pubic ramus

30

attachments to external surface of ischial ramus

adductor magnus
obturator externus

31

attachments to internal surface of ischial ramus

obturator itnernus

32

forms margin of obturator foramen

lateral border of ischial ramus

33

what attaches to medial border of ischial ramus

perineum attachments

34

what attaches to the body of the pubis

gracilis
adductor longus
adductor brevis

35

attachments to superior rami of pubis

inguinal ligament (pubic tubercle)
pectineus (pectin pubis)

36

feature lateral to pubic crest on superior rami of pubis

pubic tubercle
- inguinal ligament attachment

37

feature lateral to pubic tubercle

pectin pubic
- pectineus attaches

38

lateral extension of pubic crest

iliopectineal line

39

direction of inferior rami of pubis

directed posterolateral from pubic symphysis

40

adductor compartment attachments to inferior rami of pubis

- gracilis
- adductor brevis
- adductor magnus
- obturator externus

41

how many primary ossification centers in pelvis?

3
- ilium above sciatic notch 8th wk
- ischium in body 4th month
- pubis in superior pubic ramus 4-5 month
* all mett at acetabulum to fuse at 13/14 yrs

42

how many secondary ossification centers in pelvis?

5
- pubic symphysis
- iliac crest
- ischial tuberosity
- ASIS
- inferior portion of acetabulum

43

the base of the sacrum articulates with..

5th lumbar vertebra

44

anterior 3/4 of each ala on sacrum =

costal process

45

posterior 1/4 of each ala on sacrum =

transverse proces

46

apex of sacrum

- inferior end that articulates with coccyx

47

what m take origin from anterior/pelvic surface of sacrum

iliacus - superolateral
pififormis - segments 1-4

48

shape of posterior surface of sacrum

convex
narrower than anterior

49

midlie longitudinal ridge on sacrum

middle sacral crest
- rudimentary spinous processes of sacral vertebrae

50

between middle sacral crest and articular crest on sacrum

- sacral gooves
- laminae of the vertebrae

51

longitudinal ridge of articular processes on sacrum

articular crest

52

foramina lateral to articular crests

posterior sacral foramina

53

auricular surface of sacrum articulates with...

ilium at sacroliliac joint
- covered by hyaline cartilage

54

3 depressions on sacral tuberosity are for...

dorsal sacroiliac ligament

55

attachments to thin inferior lateral portion of sacrum

- gluteus maximus
- sacrospinous
- sacrotuberous

56

ossification of the sacrum

- primary center and 2 epiphyseal plates for the body on each sacral vertebra
- 2 ossification centers for each vertebral arch
- 2 epiphyseal centers on each lateral surface
- 1 ossification center on lateral portion each upper 3 vertebrae

57

how many vertebrae in coccyx

4 usually range 3-5

58

does the coccyx have laminae, pedicles, spinous processes

NO
does have lateral rpocesses

59

attachments to lateral processes of cocyx

sacrotuberous lig
sacrospinous lig
gluteus maximus

60

attachment to anterior surface of coccyx

sacrococcygela ligament

61

shape of anterior surface of coccyx

concave

62

large pair of superior articular processes on posterior surface of coccyx

cocygeal cornua

63

ossification of coccyx

1st: 1-4 yr
2nd: 5-10 yr
3rd: 10-15 yr
4th: 15-20 yr

64

pelvis m v w : pubic angle

wider in women

65

pelvis m v w: sacrum

shorter/wider in women

66

pelvis m v w: size

larger in men

67

pelvis m v w: pelvis inlet

larger in women

68

pelvis m v w: shape

oval in women
heart in men

69

pelvis m v w: obturator famina

smaller, triangular in women

70

pelvis m v w: ilia

less sloped in women

71

pelvis m v w: ASIS

wider in women

72

pelvis m v w: sciatic notch

wider in women

73

pelvis m v w: ischial spines

women point less

74

type of joint hip joint

ball/socket

75

breakdown of acetabulum

1/5 pubis - medial
2/5 ischium - lateral
2/5 ilium - superior

76

deepest non-articular portion of the hip joint

acetabular fossa
- primarily ischium

77

articular, cartilage covered surface of hip joint

lunate surface

78

attaches to lateral margin and synovial membrane to deepen the acetabulum

acetabular labrum (fibrocartilaginous ring)

79

the lunate surface is not complete _________

inferiorly - here is the acetabular notch

80

ligament bridging the acetabular notch

transverse acetabular ligament

81

direction of head of femur

superior/medial

82

rough depression in head of femur

fovia capitis femoris

83

what attaches to fovia capitis femoris

ligament capitus femoris

84

attachments of the articular capsule

margins of acetabulum few mm from labum
- laterally to medial side of greater trochanter
- anteriorly to itnertrochanteric line
- posteriorly 1 cm above itnertrochanteric crest

fibers over the neck of femur are greater than over acetabular rim

85

the articular capsule inferiorly blend with

transverse acetabular ligament

86

where is articular capsule thick/thin

- thick anterior/superior
- thin posterior/inferior

87

the articular capsule distally becomes

zona obicularis
- ligament around neck of femur

88

the articular capsule proximally becomes

iliofemoral, pubofemoral, ischiofemoral ligaments

89

shape of acetabular labrum

tirangular

90

longest, widest, strongest ligament around hip joint

iliofemoral

91

shape of iliofemoral ligament

inverted Y shape
- stem = ilium belwo AIIS
- base 1 = anterior part of greater trochanter (iliotrochanteric ligament)
- base 2 = intertrochanteric line

92

what transverses the iliofemoral ligament?

articular branch of deep branch of medial femoral circumflex

93

the pubofemoral ligament is ________ to iliofemoral

anterior

94

origin of pubofemoral ligament

obturator crest
superior ramus of pubis (anteiror iliopectineal eminence)

distal attachment to neck of femur and blend with iliofemoral

95

direction of pubofemoral ligament

inferiorlateral

96

shape of ischiofmeoral ligament

triangular

97

origin and distal attachment ischiofemoral ligament

origin = posterior body of ischium and inferior acetabulum
- direction superior lateral in spiral course
distal attachment: posterosuperior pat neck of femur below greater trochanter

98

how long is ligament capitus femoris

4 cm

99

proximal and distal attachment of ligament capitus femoris

2 lateral bands fixed to margins of acetabular notch
medial band blends with transverse acetabular ligament

distal: fovea capitus on femur

100

acetabulum corses _____ transverse acetabular ligament to the acetabular fossa

over

101

nerves to the hip joint

- femoral
- obturator
- accessory obturator
- inferior gluteal n

102

blood vessels to hip joint

- medial/lateral femoral circumflex
- superior/inferior gluteal
- obturator
- 1st perforating
(heavy ligaments avascular)

103

type of joint sacroiliac joint

synovial joint

104

sacroiliac joint formed by

auricular sacrum and ilium at 1st three sacral vertebrae

105

ligaments of the sacroiliac joint

- anterior sacroiliac [ventrolateral surface sacrum to margins of auricular surface of ilium]
- posterior sacroiliac [2sets of fibers]
- interosseous

106

deep/short fibers of posterior sacroiliac joint

origin: tuberosity of ilium and PIIS
passes inferomedially
attach: posterolateral sacrum

107

superficial/long fibers of posterior sacroililac joint

origin: PSIS
oblique
attach: third tubercle of sacrum
blend with sacrotuberous ligament

108

suspends sacrum b/w two iliac bones

interosseous ligament
- blends with superficial posterior sacroiliac ligament