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Flashcards in Map Skills Deck (59):
1

What is a map?

À map is a representation, usually on a flat surface of a whole or part of an area

2

What are the disadvantages of a Mercator projection?

Countries appear larger the more we move toward the poles.

3

What are the advantages of a Mercantor projection?

It gives true compass bearings between points.

Direction and shape are accurate

4

What are the 6 requirements for a map?

Title
Legend
Scale
Date of publication
Direction
Borders

5


How many time zones are there in Canada?

6;
Pacific,
Mountain,
Central,
Eastern,
Atlantic
and Newfoundland

6

What are the three types of map?

General purpose,
Thematic,
And topographic

7

What is a general purpose Map?

It is a map that is often used. (Google map)
Some features would be found are: bodies of water, roads, railway lines, parks, Elevations, and towns and cities.

8

What is a good trick to remember the cardinal points?

Never Eat Soggy Weiner

9

What kind information do you typically find on Thematic maps?

Vegetation
Precipitation
Barometric pressure

10

How did we get the point NNE near North?

Because it is near North and is between North and North-East

11


What is the purpose of Thematic maps?

To give very specific information about an area.

12

What are the North, East, South and West points on a map called?

They are called the cardinal points

13

How many points are there in total on a compass?

16

14

What Is the purpose of Topography maps?

To give info on the characteristics of a small area of Earth's surface in great detail.

15

What do Large-scale maps show?

They show large amount of details of a small area.

These maps are typically scaled in 1:50,000 or less

16

On a map, compass points are shown on a symbol called what?

À compass rose

17

What kind of details are usually found on Topography maps?

Elevations,
Buildings,
Water,
Special areas (city hall, cemetery, Marina, etc)

18

What is the black vertical line called?

An Easting

19

What are bearings expressed as?

Degrees

20

What are Large-scale maps used for?

Residential planning,
Hiking,
Military purposes

21

What are grid systems used for?

To locate places

22

What is the black horizontal line called?

À Northing

23

What are the the North-East, South-East, South-West and North-West points on a map called?

They are called Ordinal points

24

What are the three differences that is on a Map grid/Military grid?

Both axes uses numbers

The numbers appear not only outside the map but also sometimes within the map.

The numbers are in line with the gridlines and not in the space between them

25

What do Small-scale maps show?

They show small amount of details in a big area.

These maps are typically scaled 1:250,000 and up

26

What 5 advantages does a Winkel Tripel map projection have against a Mercator map projection?

It has a good balance between size, shape, distance, direction, and it has less distortion.

27

What style of map that's the only accurate way to represent the Earth?

À globe / à spherical projection

28

What are the columns on an Alphanumeric grid?

Numbers

29

What is a Winkel Tripel map projection?

À Winkel Tripel map projection is an equal area projection.

30

What two things does an Alphanumeric grid use to help locate a place on a map?

Letters and numerals

31

What example can you think of that uses Alphanumeric grids?

The game of Battleship

32

What are the three types of grid maps?

Longitude and latitude,
Map grid / Military grid,
And Alphanumeric grids.

33

Is it possible to project a map of Earth onto a flat surface without creating some form of distortion or problem with measuring distances?

No, it isn't possible

34

What are the rows on an Alphanumeric grid?

Letters

35

What are Small-scale maps used for?


Political,
Physical,
Economic informations

36

How can you remember how to find a place on a Map grid/Military grid?

Always look "right up"

37

What position does a GPS give you?

Longitude and latitude

38

What direction is East?

Right

We know that because of WE

39

Using latitude and Longitude, what is the geographic centre of the world?

The gulf of guinea off the west coast of Africa

40

What is a latitude?

Is a line that refers to the north and south side of Earth.

41

What is a GPS?

À tracking device that pinpoints location anywhere on the planet using orbiting satellites.

42

When you cross the International Date Line moving westward, do you add a day Or lose a day?

You add a day

43

What is a Longitude?

Is a line that refers to the east and west side of Earth.

44

What does GPS stand for?

Global Positioning System

45

How many time zones are there in the world?

24 time zones with one hour time difference between them

46

When does the Daylight Savings Time happen in Canada and the USA?

It begins the second Sunday in March and ends in the first Sunday in November

47

What is a Representative Fraction Scale?

Is represented as a ratio I.e. 1:50,000

This means that 1 unit on the map represents 50,000 of the same units on the Earth's surface

48

What are uses for a GPS?

Tracking wildlife,
Tracking deliveries,
Direction,
Camping,
Hiking etc

49

When you cross the International Date Line moving eastward, do you add a day Or lose a day?

You Lose a day

50

What is the definition of a scale in a map?

The scale of the map shows the relationship between the distance on a map and the actual distance on the Earth's surface

51

What what direction does the Earth rotate?

From West to east

52

What direction is West?

Left

We know that because of WE

53

What three countries doesn't use Daylight Savings Time?

China,
India,
And Japan

54

What is the time zone that runs through the Prime Meridian called?

The universal time

55

What is a Direct Statement Scale?

It uses words to describe the relationship on a map and a specific distance on the Earth's surface

Example: 1 cm to 10 km -- means that if you measure the between 2 places on a map and the distance is 1 cm, you would know that the actual distance is 10 km.

56

How many centimetres are in a kilometre?

100,000 cm

57

What are the three types of Scales on a map?

Direct statements,
Representative Fraction,
Line scale

58

What is a Line Scale or a Linear Scale?

It a special kind of ruler that is found on maps that is divided into units of Distance

59

What north latitude is the North pole?

90