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G9 Pre-IB Geography > Maps > Flashcards

Flashcards in Maps Deck (14)
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1

Maps

A map is a representation of Earth’s features drawn on a flat surface.

2

Map Requirements

Border
Title
Legend
Direction
Date of Publication
Scale

3

Border

The BORDER sets the map apart from other information.
All maps must have a BORDER or FRAME around the entire map.
The border must be of equal proportions.
All titles, the legend, and any labeling must be within the BORDER.

4

Title

The TITLE should be within the map frame or border.
The TITLE should be at the top of the map when possible.
The TITLE should not block out any of the map’s information.
The TITLE should state the topic, purpose, or focus of the map.

5

Legend

The LEGEND explains the meaning of symbols and colours.
The LEGEND must be within the border of the map in a place that does not block other information or labels.

6

Direction

All maps should have a DIRECTION ARROW.
North should always be at the top of the paper.
A compass rose should have a minimum of four points and a maximum of 16.

7

Date of Publication

All maps should include the DATE the map was published. This allows the reader to know if the information is recent.

8

Scale

The SCALE compares distance between points on the map with the actual distance between those points on Earth’s surface.
The SCALE allows the reader to measure distance and to calculate area.

9

Small-Scale Maps

A small scale map shows a small amount of detail in a large area.
They are used to show more general information such as physical, political, or economic information.

10

Large-Scale Maps

A large-scale map shows a large amount of detail in a small area.
Large-scale maps are used for more detailed tasks, such as residential planning and military operations or recreational purposes.

11

The 3 Types of Maps

General-Purpose Maps
Thematic Maps
Topographic Maps

12

General-Purpose Maps

General-purpose maps provide many types of information on one map. Most atlas maps, wall maps, and road maps fall into this category.

13

Thematic Maps

Thematic Maps are designed to show information on one particular topic or theme. Because only one type of information is shown, thematic maps tend to be easy to read and understand.

14

Topographic Maps

Topographic Maps are large scale maps that use a large quantity of symbols to show both physical and human features.
Two very important features included on topographic maps are contour lines, which show changes in elevation, and a grid system that is used for locating places on the map.