Flashcards in Maps Deck (14)
A map is a representation of Earth’s features drawn on a flat surface.
Date of Publication
The BORDER sets the map apart from other information.
All maps must have a BORDER or FRAME around the entire map.
The border must be of equal proportions.
All titles, the legend, and any labeling must be within the BORDER.
The TITLE should be within the map frame or border.
The TITLE should be at the top of the map when possible.
The TITLE should not block out any of the map’s information.
The TITLE should state the topic, purpose, or focus of the map.
The LEGEND explains the meaning of symbols and colours.
The LEGEND must be within the border of the map in a place that does not block other information or labels.
All maps should have a DIRECTION ARROW.
North should always be at the top of the paper.
A compass rose should have a minimum of four points and a maximum of 16.
Date of Publication
All maps should include the DATE the map was published. This allows the reader to know if the information is recent.
The SCALE compares distance between points on the map with the actual distance between those points on Earth’s surface.
The SCALE allows the reader to measure distance and to calculate area.
A small scale map shows a small amount of detail in a large area.
They are used to show more general information such as physical, political, or economic information.
A large-scale map shows a large amount of detail in a small area.
Large-scale maps are used for more detailed tasks, such as residential planning and military operations or recreational purposes.
The 3 Types of Maps
General-purpose maps provide many types of information on one map. Most atlas maps, wall maps, and road maps fall into this category.
Thematic Maps are designed to show information on one particular topic or theme. Because only one type of information is shown, thematic maps tend to be easy to read and understand.