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Flashcards in Mardu Aborigines Deck (22):
1

Which Anthropologist first used the idea of Dreamtime

Australian Francis Gillen

2

The term dreamtime is based on what indigenous word?

Alcheringa

3

What is totemism?

A system of belief in which humans are said to have kinship or a mystical relationship with a spirit-being, such as an animal or plant.

4

Describe the dreamtime supernatural beings

Half animal, half human and have done things to the landscape, these things are now sacred

5

Dreamtime starts before what

birth

6

Where do babies come from in Aborigine ideas?

Dreamtime

7

For how long have Aborigines sustained the highly sustainable form of lifestyle which they practice?

approximately 60 000 years

8

How does Dreamtime interact with their sustainability?

It is a set of rules which cannot be changed

9

How does dreamtime's stability and unchanging nature enhance sustainability?

Progress is an alien concept, structural progress and development does not exist

10

What is expressed through totemism and continuity?

Circular relationship with the natural world

11

What does totemism and continuity encourage?

Care

12

What kind of marriage is there in Aborigine societies?

Polygyny

13

What is the equivalent of Polygyny for when a woman has more than one husband?

Polyandry

14

What is the opposite of Polygyny/Polyandry?

Monogamy

15

You can only marry someone with a different what?

Moiety

16

Why can you only marry someone with a different Moiety?

Those of the same Moiety are considered to be siblings

17

There are two groups to the Moiety, how many subsections are there?

4

18

What is the ethnography associated with this culture?

Mardu Aborigines: Living the Dream in Australia's Desert Tonkinson 2002

19

The Mardu group is a linguistic groups which surrounds which lake?

Lake disappointment

20

How is food shared?

Equitably

21

What kind of food is shared between families and what kind of food is kept within families?

Vegetables kept within families and big game shared between families

22

The small amount of trade which does take place in the aborigine cultures takes place in which three instances?

1) Ritual activities in big meetings
2) Gift exchange
3) Obligations to certain close kin