Marketisation and Parentocracy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Marketisation and Parentocracy Deck (13):
1

1988 Act?

Education Reform Act

2

What did the Education Reform Act introduce?

Formula funding

SATS (7, 11, 14, 16)

League tables

OFSTED

3

What are the consequences of formula funding?

Schools are unlikely to cooperate with each other

Resources are spent on marketing the school

4

What are the consequences of SATS?

Stress

Reproduction of class inequality through streaming and banding

Self-fulfilling prophecy

5

Educational triage?

Gillborn and Youdell (2000)

A-C economy focuses on C/D borderline students

Hopeless cases and those who will pass anyway are ignored

6

What is marketisation?

Parents are stakeholders and select a school from a highly competitive free market

7

Why was marketisation introduced?

To raise standards of education

8

How may Marxists criticise marketisation?

Inequality causes low standards

Marketisation increases inequality between schools

9

What is parentocracy?

Parents selecting which school they’d prefer their child to attend

10

What are Brown’s (1990) three waves of education?

1 - introduction of mass schooling

2 - post-war, value of meritocracy

3 - post-ERA, value of parentocracy

11

What did Ball et al (1994) conclude about the marketisation of education?

Inequality between schools benefits only the middle class

Privileged, semi-skilled, and disconnected choosers

SEN students often neglected in favour of high achievers

12

What did Gerwitz (1994) say about parentocracy?

It is a myth

Parents do not have equal means to choose

Middle class parents use their cultural capital to ‘play the system’

13

What did Leech and Campos (2003) say about parentocracy?

Presented “selection by mortgage”

Middle class parents can afford to move into certain catchment areas