Flashcards in Marriage Deck (18):
What is marriage?
-useful to discuss similarities and differences
- Creates social stability
-Normalizes adult roles in families
What are the types of marraige
ghost marriage, group marriage, purchased, communal, polygamy, monogamy, arranged
What is the challenge of marriage?
How to define marriage to cover all possibilities
How does Klien define marriage?
a publicly recognized sexual partnership between two people, usually male and female that allows for the creation of socially legitimate children
How does miller and Esterik define marraige
An intimate relation between spouses which creates in-law kin relations
How can we define marriage?
- wide variation
- socially approved
- allows for sexual access between adults
- assumed to be more/less permanent
- political and economic alliances
- gendered labour, long term child care
*biology is not the point
What is Monogamy?
- between two spouses
What is Serial Monogamy?
Series of monogamy marriages (divorce and remarriage)
What is Polygamy?
Many marriages, one person marrying more than one spouse.
What are the two types of polygamy?
- multiple women for one man
- one women marries multiple men ex: faternal polyandry (brothers married to one woman)
Compare Polyandry and Polygyny
- Fewer men (war)
- Economic examples (Ongka), women's labour needed for family benefit
- Demand for a lot of children, for labour or seen as value
- Fewer Women
- Limited environment
- Rare, found in tibet and Toda People India,
Slow reproductive family
Why do people join monogamy
- demographic balance
- bilateral descent, foraging, industrial economy
-small families, flexibility
Who was Patrick Grey
- 1998, ethnographic atlas codebook
- 1267 socities
- Polygyny is common in 588
- Occasionally practised in 453
- Monogamy is practised in 186
- Polyandry in 4
No data on 36
What is Exogamy
Marrying outside of a group
What is Endogamy
Marriage within group
EX: cross cousin marriage
Who are the Nayar?
- Nayar exception: Matrilineal group, land owners and horticulturalists
- Places to store grain, have own water, orchard
- Headed by senior woman, each person in household is relative in same clan and is assisted by brother who manages economics
- 17th and 18th century
- Two key exchanges in life of woman
What is Tali-tying
Event for the Nayar
Tali-tying: highly symbolic, ritual marriage. Prepubescent girl and boy, feasting, tali ring,
- girl and boy have no obligation to each other afterwards
- boy gains status and coming of age event for the girl