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Flashcards in Marriage Deck (18):
1

What is marriage?

-universal
-useful to discuss similarities and differences
- Creates social stability
-Normalizes adult roles in families

2

What are the types of marraige

ghost marriage, group marriage, purchased, communal, polygamy, monogamy, arranged

3

What is the challenge of marriage?

How to define marriage to cover all possibilities

4

How does Klien define marriage?

a publicly recognized sexual partnership between two people, usually male and female that allows for the creation of socially legitimate children

5

How does miller and Esterik define marraige

An intimate relation between spouses which creates in-law kin relations

6

How can we define marriage?

- wide variation
- socially approved
- allows for sexual access between adults
- assumed to be more/less permanent
- political and economic alliances
- gendered labour, long term child care
*biology is not the point

7

What is Monogamy?

- between two spouses

8

What is Serial Monogamy?

Series of monogamy marriages (divorce and remarriage)

9

What is Polygamy?

Many marriages, one person marrying more than one spouse.

10

What are the two types of polygamy?

polygyny
- multiple women for one man
Polyandry
- one women marries multiple men ex: faternal polyandry (brothers married to one woman)

11

Compare Polyandry and Polygyny

Polygyny:
Demographic imbalance
- Fewer men (war)
- Economic examples (Ongka), women's labour needed for family benefit
- Demand for a lot of children, for labour or seen as value
Social standing

Polyandry:
- Fewer Women
- Limited environment
- Rare, found in tibet and Toda People India,
Slow reproductive family

12

Why do people join monogamy

- demographic balance
- bilateral descent, foraging, industrial economy
-small families, flexibility

13

Who was Patrick Grey

- 1998, ethnographic atlas codebook
- 1267 socities
- Polygyny is common in 588
- Occasionally practised in 453
- Monogamy is practised in 186
- Polyandry in 4
No data on 36

14

What is Exogamy

Marrying outside of a group
EX: Tahltan

15

What is Endogamy

Marriage within group
EX: cross cousin marriage

16

Who are the Nayar?

- Nayar exception: Matrilineal group, land owners and horticulturalists
- Places to store grain, have own water, orchard
- Headed by senior woman, each person in household is relative in same clan and is assisted by brother who manages economics
- 17th and 18th century
- Two key exchanges in life of woman

17

What is Tali-tying

Event for the Nayar
Tali-tying: highly symbolic, ritual marriage. Prepubescent girl and boy, feasting, tali ring,
- girl and boy have no obligation to each other afterwards
- boy gains status and coming of age event for the girl

18

What is sombandham

Event for the Nayar
-like an actual marriage
-kids, men acknowledge paternity but have no responsibility to support child
-mother and her family take care of child