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Flashcards in Match 3 Deck (75):
1

Landmark in finding appendix

Anterior taenia coli

2

Rooters node
Axillary lymph node

Level 2

3

Massive hemothorax

Adult- 1.5
Children- 1/3 of blood volume

4

MC gallstone

Cholesterol stone

5

Total body water

Male- 60%
Female- 50-55%

6

Closes angle glaucoma

Painful

7

Radical neck dissection

Spinal eccessory nerve
Internal jugular vein
Sternocleidomastoid

8

Alvarado scoring

Migaration of pain - 1
Anorexia- 1
Nausea and vomiting -1
Rebound tenderness- 1
Elevated temp-1
Shift to the left-1
Leukocytosis-2
RLQ tenderness- 2

9

Distally displaced distal fragment

Colles

10

Distal fragment is displaced anteriorly

Smith fracture

11

Shaft of ulna is fractured

Monteggia

12

Oral cavity malignancies

Supraomohyoid neck dissection
Level 1 to 3 nodes

13

Laryngeal malignancies

Lateral neck dissection
Level 2-4 nodes

14

Thyroid ca

Posterolateral neck dissection
Levels 2-5 nodes

15

Radical neck dissection

Nodes 1-5
SCM
INTERNAL JUGULAR VEIN
CN XI

16

Modified radical neck dissection

Prserves non lymph
CN XI
SCM
Internal jugular vein

17

MC benign tumor of the salivary gland

Pleomorphic adenoma

18

MC malignant neoplasm of the salivary gland

Mucoepidermoid carcinoma

19

Freys syndrome
Postop gustatory sweating

Auriculotemporal nerve injury

20

Artery crossing the RLN

Inferior thuroid artery

21

RLN innervate all intrinsic muscles of larynx except

Cricothyroid
Innervated by external laryngeal nerves

22

Antithyroid drugs improvement

Improve symptoms in 2 weeks
Euthyroid in 6wks

23

Bleeding due to wretching

Mallory weis tear
Bleeding stops spontaneously

24

Hypochloremic, hypokalemic, metabolic acidosis

Gastric outlet obstruction

25

Inhibits GI secretion, motility and splanchnic perfusion

Somatostatin

26

MC bacterium within the COLON

B. Fragilis

27

Birds beak

Volvolus
Achalasia

28

Fistula in ano
>3cm anterior

Posterior midline

29

Anterior fistula in ano

Anal canal

30

Posterior fistula in ano

Posterior midline

31

Patent processes vaginalis

Indirect hernia

32

Fistula in ano
>3cm anterior

Posterior midline

33

Anterior fistula in ano

Anal canal

34

Posterior fistula in ano

Posterior midline

35

Heaselba hs triangle

Inferior: inguinal ligament
Medial: rectus abdominis
Superolateral border: inferior epigastric vessels

36

Strangulated hernia

Shouldice repair

37

Femoral hernia

McVay repair

38

Addition of a mesh repair

Lichenstein tension free repair

39

Gold standar in hernia repair

Lichenstein
Not for strangulated

40

Hepatoduodenal ligament

Portal vein
Hepatic ertery CBD

41

Separates the liver's right and left lobes grossly

Cantlie's lines

42

Most accurate method of determining portal HPN

Hepatic venography

43

MC solid benign masses that occur in the liver

Hemangioma

44

Thrombus in portal vein highly suggestive of

Hepatocellular ca

45

Charcot's triad

Fever
epigastric or right upper quadrant pain
Jaundice

46

Reynauds pentad

Charcots plus
Septic shock
Mental status changes

47

TX for achalasia

Heller cardiomyotomy

48

IL responsible for immunoglobulin production

IL-2

49

MC pediatric malignant lesion in the liver

Hepatoblastoma

50

MC type of pancreatic ca

Ductal adenocarcinoma

51

Branchial pouch derivatives

1. Ear
2. Thymus
3. Inf parathyroid and thyroid
4. Superior parathyroid

52

BIRADS 0-3

No need for biopsy
Low chance for malignancy

53

BIRADS 4&5

Biopsy

54

Presents with epistaxis which can be massive

Juvenila nasopharyngeal angiofibroma
Tx: angioembolization
Benign behaves like malignant

55

Left RLN crosses

Arch of aorta

56

right RLN loops around

Subclavian artery

57

MC location of supernumerary parathyroid glands

Thymus

58

MC location of ectopic parathyroids

Paraesophageal

59

Esophageal web

Plummer vinson syndrome

60

Mallory weis tear location

Gastroesophageal junctuon

61

Locate parathyroid ademoma befrie surgery

Sistamibi

62

Impotence

Pudendal nerve

63

Epidermoid ca

Nigro protocol
Radiation & chemo

64

Perihilar cholangicarcinoma

Klatskin tumor

65

MC tumor of the pancreas

Insulinoma
Evenly distributed throughout head body tail
Tx: whpples

66

MC common location of small bowel neoplasm

Duodenum

67

MC malignan tumor of small bowel

Adenocarcinoma
Duodenum

68

Tx for incidental finding of meckels diverticulum in children

Diverticulectomy + appendectomy

69

Femoral triangle lateral to medial

Nerve
Artery
Vein
Lumphnode

70

Ring occlusion test hernia
No bulging

Indirect

71

Ring occlusion test hernia
Bulging

Direct

72

Invagination test felt on pulp

Dirct

73

Invagination test felt on tip

Indirect

74

Classic, high ligation of sac, triple layer hernia repair

Bassini

75

Bilateral hernia repair

GPRVS (stoppa procedure)