MC Vocab 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in MC Vocab 2 Deck (76):
1

Incongruous

Not in harmony or keeping with the surroundings or other aspects of something

2

Sordid

Morally degraded; filthy or wretched

3

Vanities

Excessive pride in one's appearance or accomplishments;conceit
2. Worthless or pointless

4

Retarding

To cause to move or proceed slowly; delay or impede

5

Pre-eminence

The fact of surpassing all others; superiority

6

Stalwart

Loyal, reliable, and hardworking

7

Assiduous

Showing or characterized by persistent attention or untiring application

8

Fawning

1. To exhibit affection or attempt to please
2. To seek favor by flattery and obsequious behavior

9

Demagogues

1. A leader who obtains power by means of impassioned appeals to the emotions and prejudices of the populace.
2. leader of the common people in ancient times

10

eschewal

1. to avoid using, accepting, participating in, or partaking of
2. to refrain from

11

ponderous

having great weight; slow and labored because of great bulk or weight. difficult to maneuver or control

12

anomolous

deviating from what is standard, normal, or expected

13

ephemeral

1. lasting for a markedly brief time
2. having a short lifespan or a short annual period of above ground growth (plants)

14

sagacious

having or showing keen discernment, sound judgement, and farsightedness

15

Idiosyncratic

1. A structural or behavioral characteristic peculiar to an individual or group.
2. a physiological or temperamental peculiarity

16

idiosycracies

modes of behavior or ways of thought peculiar to an individual

17

voluble

marked by a ready flow of speech; fluent.
turning easily on an axis, rotating
twining or twisting (botany)

18

pompous

1. characterized by excessive self-esteem or exaggerated dignity; pretentious
2. full of high-sounding phrases
3. characterized by pomp or stately display

19

enervated

deprived of strength; debilitated

20

discomfited

to make uneasy or perplexed. to defeat in battle

21

introspective

contemplation of one's own thoughts, feelings, and sensations; self-examination

22

litany

1. a liturgical prayer consisting of a series of petitions recited by a leader alternating with fixed responses by congregation.
2. a repetitive recital, series, or list

23

elliptical

1. expressed with extreme or excessive economy
2. tending to be ambiguous, cryptic, or obscure

24

conjugal

of or relating to marriage or the relationship of spouses

25

chagrin

a keen feeling of mental unease, as of annoyance or embarrassment, caused by failure, disappointment, or a disconcerting event

26

capriciousness

characterized by, arising from, or subject to caprice; impulsive or unpredictable

27

misognistic

one who hates or mistrusts women

28

progressive

moving forward, advancing. open to or favoring new ideas

29

patronizing

condescending, often showing false interest or kindness

30

apathetic

feeling or showing a lack of interest or concern. unresponsive

31

clandestine

kept or done in secret, often to conceal an illicit or improper purpose

32

whimsical

playful or fanciful

33

coddled

to cook in water just below the boiling point
treated indulgently; baby

34

emulation

1. the act of striving to equal or excel through imitation
2. to compete with successfully
3. to imitate the function of

35

abject

1. extremely contemptible or degrading
2. being of the most miserable kind, wretched
3. complete
4. extremely submissive

36

renumeration

the act of recounting

37

calumniating

a false statement, slander

38

hectoring

to intimidate or dominate in a blustering way. to behave like a bully

39

deferential

submissive or respectful to authority

40

imperatives

1. a rule or principle that requires certain action.
2. a command or order

41

pedantic

1. ostentatious in one's learning
2. overly concerned with minute details

42

didactic

1. intended to instruct
2. morally instructive
3. inclined to teach or moralize excessively

43

sardonic

scornfully or cynically mocking

44

empathetic

identifies with the feelings, thoughts, and actions of others

45

replete

abounding; gorged

46

laurels

1. an evergreen tree/shrub
2. honor and glory won for achievement

47

portly

1. having a round, stout, body
2. stately or dignified

48

profusion

1. abundance
2. extravagance
3. profuse outpouring or quantity

49

pseudointellectual

unscholarly
pretends to be an intellectual for reasons of status

50

delineate

1. to draw or depict
2. to describe or characterize in words
3. to mark, form, or show the outline of

51

proficiency

competence

52

satirize

to ridicule or attack by means of irony or sarcasm

53

loitering

to idly stand about

54

fortitude

strength of mind that allow a person to endure pain or adversity with courage

55

despondency

depression of spirits from loss of hope, confidence, or courage. dejection

56

estrangement

alienation or hostility. isolated from an accustomed place

57

hubris

overbearing pride or presumption, arrogance

58

stalwart

loyal and resolute
strong and imposing

59

certitude

1. state of being certain or convinced of something. complete assurance or confidence.
2. something that is assured or believed to be true

60

abated

1. to reduce in amount, degree, or intensity
2. to put an end to, make void, or reduce for a period of time (law)

61

feckless

1. careless and irresponsible
2. feeble or ineffective

62

apostrophe

calling out to a dead, imaginary, or absent person, or to a place or thing, or a personified abstract idea. if a character is calling out to a god or goddess, it is called an invocation

63

allusion

reference to someone or something that is known from history, literature, sports, etc. An indirect reference to something

64

conceit

an elaborate metaphor that compares two things that are startlingly different. often an extended metaphor

65

couplet

two consecutive, rhyming lines of poetry

66

diction

a speaker or writers choice of words

67

hyperbole

a figure of speech that uses an incredible exaggeration or overstatement for effect

68

inversion

the reversal of the normal word order in a sentence or phrase

69

iambic tetrameter

a type of poetic meter with 8 syllables per line that can be divided into 4 feet. each foot includes an unstressed and stressed syllable. iambic pentameter, by contrast, includes 10 syllables broken into 5 feet

70

metonymy

a figure of speech in which something is referred to by something closely associated with it

71

oxymoron

a figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase

72

1st person point of view

one of the characters tells the story

73

personification

a figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

74

rhetorical question

a question asked for effect, not actually requiring an answer

75

simile

a figure of speech that makes an explicit comparison of 2 unlike things using words such as like, as, than, or resembles

76

synecdoche

a figure of speech in which a part represents the whole