MC Vocab 3 Flashcards Preview

AP Literature > MC Vocab 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in MC Vocab 3 Deck (53):
1

Gout

disturbance of uric acid metabolism
painful inflammation of joints
2. large blob or clot
3. type of arthritis

2

Patrician

refined, proper, aristocratic

3

vagrant

1. one who wanders without a permanent home
2. wanderer
3. lives on the street

4

tenement

1. building for human habitation
2. run-down, low-rental apartment. crowded and poor

5

droll

amusingly odd or whimsically comical

6

the grotesque

1. ludicrous, repulsive distortion (in appearance or manner)
2. outlandish or bizarre
3. literary term- anything that falls between funny and frightening

7

juxtaposition

the placement of things so that they are side by side, especially for comparison or contrast

8

squalor

a filthy and wretched condition or quality

9

decadent

1. being in a state of decline or decay
2. marked by unrestrained gratification; self-indulgent
3. immoral

10

infer

1. to conclude from evidence or by reasoning
2. to involve by logical necessity
3. to indicate indirectly; imply

11

vitiate

1. to reduce the value or quality of; impair or spoil
2. to corrupt morally
3. to make ineffective
4. abolish

12

debilitate

to sap the strength or energy of

13

tenebrous

dark and gloomy. (ominous)

14

teeming

abounding; filled or richly supplied
swarming (bee hive)

15

rampant

extending unchecked; unrestrained
uncontrolled

16

vagabond

a person who moves from place to place without a permanent home and often without a regular means of support

17

minatory

threatening nature

18

unflagging

persistent or untiring

19

raison d'etre

reason or justification for existing

20

blase

1. uninterested because of frequent exposure or indulgence
2. unconcerned; nonchalant
3. very sophisticated

21

opulence

1. wealth
2. great abundance

22

determinism

the philosophical doctrine that every state of affairs, including every human event, act, and decision, is the inevitable consequence of antecedent states or affairs

23

lariat

a rope for picketing grazing horses or mules

24

cryptic

1. having hidden meaning; mystifying
2. secret
3. using code or cipher

25

cavalier

1. showing arrogant or offhand disregard; dismissive
2. carefree and nonchalant

26

sapient

having great wisdom and discernment
clever

27

adage

a saying that sets forth a general truth and that has gained credit through long use
(proverb)

28

meritorious

deserving reward or praise

29

audacious

1. fearlessly, recklessly daring; bold
2. unrestrained by convention
3. spirited and original

30

aberrant

1. deviating from what is considered proper or normal

31

vicarious

1. experienced or felt by empathy with or imaginary participation in the life of another person
2. endured or done by one person substituting for another
3. committed or entrusted to another

32

incitement

the action of provoking or urged on
(motive)

33

absolution

the act of being cleared of guilt or blame
2. granted remission of a sin

34

xenophobia

a person who is fearful or contemptuous of that which is foreign, especially of strangers or of people from different countries or cultures

35

jingoism

extreme nationalism characterized especially by a belligerent foreign policy
aggressive patriotism

36

rancor

bitter, long-lasting resentment; deep-seated ill will

37

epithet

1. a term used to characterize a person or thing; used as a descriptive substitute for the name or title of a person
2. disparaging or abusive word or phrase
ex: "grey-eyed athena"

38

chauvinistic

devoted to one's country; patriotic
2. prejudiced belief in the superiority of one's own gender, group, or kind

39

indelible

1. impossible to remove, erase, or wash away
2. unable to be forgotten, memorable

40

raucous

1. rough-sounding and harsh
2. boisterous and disorderly

41

allegory

story or poem in which characters, settings, and events stand for other people or events or abstract ideas or qualities

42

allusion

reference to someone or something that is known in a branch of culture. An indirect reference to something

43

archetype

a very typical example of a certain person or thing

44

conceit

an elaborate metaphor that compares two things that are startlingly different. often an extended metaphor

45

diction

a speaker or writer's choice of words

46

hyperbole

a figure of speech that uses an incredible exaggeration or overstatement for effect

47

invocation

the summoning of a deity or the supernatural

48

irony

a discrepancy between appearances and reality

49

metaphor

figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things without using specific words of comparison

50

paradox

a statement that appears self-contradictory, but that reveals a kind of truth

51

personification

a figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

52

rhetorical question

a question asked for effect, and not actually requiring an answer

53

simile

a figure of speech that makes an explicit comparison between two unlike things, using words such as like, as, than, or resembles.