Meaning and Characteristics of Italian Renaissance #2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Meaning and Characteristics of Italian Renaissance #2 Deck (30):
1

women

managed houhold (freedom), upper class (get pregnant to get male hair b/c children died early), poor (did not get as pregnant as much as upper class women b/c didn't have wetnurses), children died early, child birth was deadly

2

Marriage

arranged (no emotional attachment lead to extrameterial relationships), normal for men to chat, women could not, age difference (seek sexual outlets and prostituion)

3

15th century Italian states

five major powers dominated Italian peninsula, Milan, Venice, Florence, Papal state, and Naples, indepdnent city states under control of ruling families (centers of Renaissance culture)

4

Frances Sforza

he turned on his Milanese employment conquered city and became duke, one of leading condottieri of the time

5

Visconit and Sforza

both worked to create a highly centralized territorial state

6

Venice

northern Italian, governed by few mechant aristants, commericial empire gave revenue and international power, tried to take lands (expand)

7

Republic of Florence

Tusancy, Cosmio de' Medici, governed by small merchant oligarchy

8

papal state

central Italy, under papal authroity but Avignon and Great schism caused them to Independent

9

kingdom of naples

most of southern Italy, fought over by French and Aragonese, dominated by unruly nobles,

10

Federigo de Montefeltro

ruled Urbino, received Classical education, was honest, reliable, greatest patrons of Renaissance culture

11

Concept of balance of power

designed to prevent aggrandizement of anyone state at the expense of others, evident after 1454 when Italian states signed peace of Lodi, alliance

12

peace of Lodi

ended almost half-century of war, inaugurated relatively peaceful forty ear in year, alliance system did not create a cooperation among major powers

13

prostitiution

existence of young males (unmarried) encouraged extramarital sex as well as prostitution, viewed as neccessary vice, was regulated

14

Cosmio de' medici

took control of oligarchy, Medicini family ran government from behind the scenes

15

generation of Italian Wars

war continued by Francis I (France) and Charles I of Spain, sacking of Rome by Spanish armies of Charles I brought temporary end, then Spain dominate Italy

16

ambassador during the Middle Ages

regarded himself as servant of all Christendom, sacred because he acts for the general well fare

17

Renaissance ambassadors

use of permanent ambassadors because Italian states get information from other states, serve only state

18

niccclo Machievelli

during Medici family in power and after French invastion and Spanish vicotry and Medici back in power, got exiled then gave up politcis and wrote book (the prince)

19

the prince

sources came from knowledge of Ancient Rome and precoccupation with Italian states (battlefield), concerend with acquisition and expansion and political power as means to restore and maintain order in his time

20

old middle ages idea

ruler was justified in political power only if he contributed to the common god of people he saved, behave based on Christian moral principles

21

Machiavelli's diea

prince's attitude toward power must be based on an understanding of human nature (self centered), not restrcited to moral consideration, let consiecne sleep

22

l'umono universale

social ideal of well-rounded personality or universal person, capable of achievement in many areas of life

23

Ferrar

governed by d'Este family

24

Urbino

Montefeltro dynasty, became well known cultural and intellectual center

25

Battista Sforza

niece of ruler of Milan, wife of Ferdigo de Montifelto, intelligent, fostered art and letters in Urbino, respected for governing with firmness and good sesnse

26

Isabella d'Este

daughter of duke of Ferrard, known for intelligence and political wisdom, married Franceso Gonzaga, married Franceso Gonzaga, Marquis of manuta, attracted artists and intellectuals to Magtuan

27

trouble for Italy cause

breakdown of Italian balance of power

28

trouble for Italy time line

1. cudorio Sforza (duke of Milan) invite French to intervene with Italian politics
2. Charles VII advanced and occupied Naples
3. Italian states asked Spain
4. Fredinand of Aragon indicated his willingness to intervene
5. next 15 years France and Spain competed to dominate Italy

29

manuta

under rule of Gongza

30

after the Italian Wars

created alliances to repel invaders, loyal to twon states and considered non Italians barbarians