Define a “psychological test”
An OBJECTIVE and STANDARDISED procedure for measuring a psychological construct based on a sample of behaviour (or another observable mechanism)
What is the CONTENT of a test?
The attribute or psychological construct being assessed
What is the PROCESS of a test?
The way in which the content being assessed is measured.
Eg survey, jigsaw, paper and pencil test etc
What is the difference between a GROUP and INDIVIDUAL test?
What is a PAPER & PENCIL test?
Tests theoretical knowledge
Done ‘on paper’
What is a PERFORMANCE test?
What is the difference between SPEED and POWER tests?
What is the THURSTONE SCALE
First formal technique to measure an attitude
What is a LIKERT / LIKERT-TYPE SCALE and what kind of data can it produce?
Likert scale is a statement to be rated on a scale of 1-5, 1 being strongly agree and 5 being strongly disagree.
And variation (such as a scale of 1-7) is considered a Likert-Type scale
1 scale on its own produces ORDINAL data.
Multiple scales relating to the same construct can be totalled and that total used as INTERVAL or RATIO data.
What is a GUTTMAN SCALE and what kind of data can it produce?
List the methods for measuring behaviour/psychological constructs
What is SYSTEMATIC OBSERVATION, and what are the advantages and disadvantages?
What is NATURALISTIC OBSERVATION, and what are the advantages and disadvantages?
Describe the 3 types of NATURALISTIC OBSERVATION
Full Participant Observation
Participant as Observer
Observer as Participant
Name and describe the types of RESPONSE SETS/BIAS