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Flashcards in Med Term 1 Deck (179):
1

pain

-algia, -dynia

2

bad, difficult, or painful

dys-

3

surgical removal

-ectomy

4

excessive or increased

hyper-

5

deficient or decreased

hypo-

6

inflammation

-itis

7

abnormal condition or disease

-osis

8

surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface

-ostomy

9

surgical incision

-otomy

10

surgical repair

-plasty

11

bleeding (sudden, severe bleeding)

-rrhage, rrhagia

12

surgical suturing to close a wound (includes the use of sutures, staples, or surgical glue)

-rrhaphy

13

flow or discharge (most body fluids)

-rrhea

14

rupture

-rrhexis

15

abnormal hardening

-sclerosis

16

the surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid

abdominocentesis

17

a word formed from the initial letter of the major parts of a compound term.

acronym

18

rapid onset, severe course, and relatively short duration

acute

19

process of producing a radiographic study of the blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium

angiography

20

surgical removal of the appendix

appendectomy

21

abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries

arteriosclerosis

22

joint pain

arthralgia

23

surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface

colostomy

24

blue discoloration of the skin caused by lack of O2

cyanosis

25

a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin

dermatologist

26

the identification of a disease.

diagnosis

27

swelling caused by excess fluid in the body tissues

edema

28

pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery

endarterial

29

a disease, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered or described it first.

eponym

30

mature red blood cell

erythrocyte

31

a groove or crack-like sore of the skin. Also describes the folds in the contours of the brain

fissure

32

abnormal passage, usually between two internal organs, or leading from an organ to the surface of the body.

fistula

33

"stomach ache," pain in the stomach

Gastralgia

34

inflammation of the stomach

Gastritis

35

inflammation of the stomach and small intestine.

gastroenteritis

36

abnormal condition of the stomach

gastrosis

37

abnormal enlargement of he liver

hepatomegaly

38

higher than normal blood pressure

hypertension

39

lower than normal blood pressure

hypotension

40

the invasion of the body by a pathogenic organism

infection

41

localized response to an injury or destruction of tissues

inflammation

42

between, but not within, the parts of a tissue

interstitial

43

a torn or jagged wound or an accidental cut wound

laceration

44

pathologic change of the tissues due to disease or injury

lesion

45

rupture of a muscle

myorrhexis

46

the study of disorders of the newborn

neonatology

47

inflammation of a nerve

Neuritis

48

study of ears, nose, and throat

otorhinolaryngology

49

an examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts.

palpation

50

a pounding or racing heart

palpitation

51

study of all aspects of diseases

pathology

52

bones of the fingers and toes

phalanges

53

a viral infection of the gray matter of the spinal cord

poliomyelitis

54

prediction of the probable coarse and outcome of a disorder.

prognosis

55

a male gland that lies under the urinary bladder and surrounds the urethra

prostate

56

any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection such as impetigo

pyoderma

57

temporary, partial, or complete disappearance of the symptoms of a disease without having achieved a cure

remission

58

objective evidence of disease such as a fever

sign

59

act of rotating the arm so that the palm of the hand is forward or upward

supination

60

the formation or discharge of pus

suppuration

61

subjective evidence of a disease, such as pain or a headache

symptom

62

a set of the signs and symptoms that occur together as part of a specific disease process

syndrome

63

an inflammation of the tonsils

tonsillitis

64

wound or injury

trauma

65

the medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment.

triage

66

pertaining to a virus

viral

67

stomach

gastr

68

most likely indicates procedure, condition, disorder, or disease. END OF WORD

suffix

69

most likely indicates location, time, number, or status. BEGINNING OF WORD

prefix

70

ending

-um

71

skull

crani-

72

heart

cardi-

73

pertaining to

-ac

74

blue

cyan/o

75

red

erythr/o

76

white

leuk/o

77

black

melan/o

78

gray

poli/o

79

cell

-cyte

80

white blood cell

leukocyte

81

any condition of unusual deposits of black pigment in body tissues.

Melanosis

82

nerve

neur/o

83

surgical repair of a nerve

Neuroplasty

84

small intestine

enter/o-

85

disease

path-

86

study of

-ology

87

pain in the stomach

Gastrodynia

88

abnormal softening

-malacia

89

abnormal softening of the walls of an artery or arteries

Arteriomalacia

90

liver

hepato-

91

enlargement

megaly-

92

death

-necrosis

93

tissue death of an artery or arteries

Arterionecrosis

94

artery

arterio-

95

abnormal narrowing

-stenosis

96

abnormal narrowing of an artery or arteries

Arteriostenosis

97

surgical puncture to remove fluid for diagnostic purposes or to remove excess fluid.

-centesis

98

abdomen

abdomin/o

99

process of producing a picture or record

-graphy

100

a picture or record

-gram

101

the film produced by angiography

angiogram

102

the surgical repair of a muscle

myoplasty

103

visual examination

-scopy

104

the visual examination of the internal structure of a joint

arthroscopy

105

joint

arthr/o

106

blood

hem/o

107

loss of a large amount of blood in a short time

hemorrhage

108

surgical suturing of a muscle wound

myorrhaphy

109

muscle

my/o

110

frequent flow of loose or watery stools

Diarrhea

111

through

dia-

112

pertaining to birth

natal

113

birth

nat

114

pertaining to

-al

115

time and events before birth

prenatal

116

before

pre-

117

time and events surrounding birth

perinatal

118

surrounding

peri-

119

time and events after birth

postnatal

120

after

post-

121

ear

ot/o-

122

larynx and throat

laryng

123

nose

rhin/o

124

study of ears and larynx or throat

otolaryngology

125

away from

ab-

126

between or among

inter-

127

under, less, or below

sub-

128

toward or in the direction of

ad-

129

good, normal, well, or easy

eu-

130

within or inside

intra-

131

above or excessive

super-, supra

132

not normal

Abnormal

133

not working properly

dysfunctional

134

below a rib or ribs

subcostal

135

drawn toward or a strong dependence on a drug or substance.

addiction

136

normally functioning thyroid gland

euthyroid

137

within the muscle

intramuscular

138

above or outside the ribs

supracostal

139

surgical incision for the removal of a stone

lithotomy

140

stone

lith-

141

within

end-

142

inflammation of the appendix

appendicitis

143

appendix

appendic

144

plaque or fatty substance

ather/o

145

fatty deposit within the wall of an artery

atheroma

146

tumor

-oma

147

pain

-algia

148

colon

col-

149

attempt to determine which one of several diseases can be producing the signs and symptoms that are present

differential diagnosis (rule out)

150

long duration, rarely cured

chronic

151

a condition in which one or more body parts are not functioning normally.

disease

152

the last and longest portion of the small intestine

ileum

153

part of the hip bone

ilium

154

specialized mucous membranes that line the body cavities

mucous

155

the name of the fluid secreted by the mucous membranes

mucus

156

fungus

myc/o

157

abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus

mycosis

158

bone marrow or spinal cord

myel/o

159

any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord

myelopathy

160

pathologic change or disease of muscle tissue

myopathy

161

specialist

-ologist

162

skin

dermat-

163

new

neo-

164

to collapse and be lying flat or to be overcome with exhaustion

prostrate

165

renal pelvis

pyel/o

166

inflammation of the renal pelvis

pyelitis

167

fever or fire

pyr/o

168

"heartburn," discomfort due to the regurgitation of stomach acid upward into the esophagus

pyrosis

169

virus

vir-

170

having the nature, properties, or qualities of an adult male

virile

171

pus

py/o

172

plural - ae

-a

173

plural - ices

-ex, ix

174

plural - es

-is

175

plural - itides

-itis

176

plural - nges

-nx

177

plural - a

-on

178

plural - a

-um

179

plural - i

-us