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Flashcards in Med term 5 Deck (70):
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Acetabulum

Cup shaped depression in hip bone
Femur fits in

1

Acromion

part of the scapula that connects to the clavicle

2

amphiarthrosis / amphiarthoses

cartilaginous joint having some movement at the union of two bones

3

ankle

hinged area between lower leg bones and foot

4

articular cartilage

cartilage at a joint

5

articulation

point at which two bones join together to allow movement

6

atlas

1st cervical vertebrae

7

axis

2nd cervical vertebrae

8

bone

hard connective tissue that forms the skeleton

9

bone head

upper rounded end of bone

10

bone phagocyte

bone cell that ingests dead bone and bone debris

11

bursa

sac lined with synovial membrane that fills spaces between tendons and joints

12

calcaneus

heel bone

13

calcium

mineral important for bone formation

14

cancellous bone

spongy bone with lattice like structure

15

cardiac muscle

both smooth and striated

16

carpus, carpal bone

wrist

17

cartilaginous disk

thick circular mass of cartilage between vertebrae of spinal column

18

cartilage

flexible connective tissue found in joints

19

cervical vertebrae

seven vertebrae of spinal column
neck

20

clavicle

curved bone of shoulder joint
collar bone

21

coccyz

tailbone

22

compact bone

hard bone with slightly woven structure

23

condyle

rounded surface at end of bone
knuckle like

24

crest

bony ridge

25

diaphysis

shaft of bone

26

diarthroses

freely movable joints

27

disk

cartilaginous disk

28

dorsal vertebrae

thoracic vertebrae

29

elbow

joint between upper arm and forearm

30

endosteum

lining of medullary cavitiy

31

epiphyseal plate

cartilaginous tissue that is replaced during growth years
eventually calcifies and disappears

32

ethmoid bone

irregular bone of face
attached to sphenoid

33

ethmoid sinuses

sinuses on both sides of nasal cavities

34

fascia

sheet of fibrous tissue that encloses muscles

35

femur

longest bone in body
thigh

36

fibula

smallest long bone in lower leg

37

fissure

deep furrow or slit

38

flat bones

thin flattened bones that cover certain areas of the skull

39

fontanelle

soft spot on babies

40

foramen

opening or perforation through a bone

41

foramen magnum

opening in occipital bone
spinal cord

42

fossa

depression in a bone

43

frontal bone

large skull bone
forms top of head and forehead

44

fronta sinsues

sinuses above eyes

45

heel

rounded portion of foot bottom

46

humerus

long bone of arm connecting the scapula on top and radius and ulna at bottom

47

iliuum

wide portion of hip bone

48

insertion

point at which a muscles attaches to a movable bone

49

intervertebral discs

cartilaginous disk

50

involuntary muscle

muscle does not move at will

51

irregular bones

any of a group of bones that fit into certain areas of skeleton
skull

52

ischium

one of three fused bones that form pelvic girdle

53

joint

pace of joining between two bones

54

lacrimal bone

thin flat bone in eye

55

lamina

thin flat part on either side of arch of a vertebrae

56

ligament

sheet of fibrous tissue
connects and supports bones
bones to bones

57

long bone

any extremity bone with shaft

58

lumbar vertebrae

five vertebrae in lower back

59

malleolus

rounded protrusion of tibia or fibula on either side of ankle

60

mandible

lower jaw
u shaped

61

mandibular bone

mandible

62

marrow

connective tissue filing the medullary cavity

63

mastoid process

protrusion of temporal bone that sits behind ear

64

maxillary bone

upper jaw bonee

65

maxillary sinus

sinus of either side of the nasal cavity below the eyes

66

medullary cavity

soft center cavity in bone that holds marrow

67

metacarpal

one of five bones of hand

68

metaphysis

section of a long bone between epiphysis and diaphysis

69

metatarsal

bones of the foot