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Phase 2a - Definitions > Medical Definitions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medical Definitions Deck (101)
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1

Define iatrogenic.

Conditions that inadvertently arise form medical treatment.

2

Define ectopic.

In an abnormal place or position.

3

Define ablation.

Removal of tissue.

4

Define autoantibody.

Antibody produced by immune system against host tissue.

5

Define autoantigen.

Normal protein recognised by autoantibodies.

6

Define lethargy.

Physiological state of tiredness.

7

Define paraesthesia.

Abnormal skin sensation.

8

Define anosmia.

Loss of smell sense.

9

Define osmolality.

Solute concentration per kilogram.

10

Define osmolarity.

Solute concentration per litre.

11

Define osmolar gap.

Difference between measured and calculated osmolality.

12

Define appetite.

Desire to eat.

13

Define anorexia.

Absence of appetite.

14

Define hyperphagia.

Abnormal increase in appetite.

15

Define hunger.

Need to eat.

16

Define satiety.

Disappearance of appetite - feeling of fullness.

17

Define cyst.

Sac-like structure filled with gas, fluid and/or semi-solid material.

18

Define ulcer.

A lesion due to necrosis leading to erosion of skin or mucous membrane.

19

Define narrow therapeutic range.

The dose range that optimises efficacy whilst minimises toxicity.

20

Define differential diagnosis.

Differentiating between two or more conditions with similar symptoms.

21

Define diagnosis of exclusion.

Diagnosis reached by the process of elimination.

22

Define dyspnoea.

Shortness of breath.

23

Define palpitations.

Noticeable rapid, strong, or irregular heartbeats.

24

Define syncope.

Temporary loss of consciousness.

25

Define onycholysis.

Detachment of nail from nail bed.

26

Define exophthalmos.

Eyes bulging out of the orbit.

27

Define plethoric.

Red faced.

28

Define hirsutism.

Excessive hair growth where hair is usually absent or minimal.

29

Define laparoscopy.

Surgical procedure that allows access to inside of abdomen without large skin incisions.

30

Define fatigue.

Subjective feeling of tiredness.