Medical Roots (I-R) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medical Roots (I-R) Deck (193):
1

-i-asis

condition

2

iatr(o)-

Of or pertaining to medicine, or a physician [uncommon as a prefix; common as as suffix, see -iatry]

3

-iatry

Denotes a field in medicine of a certain body component

4

-ic

pertaining to

5

-icle

small

6

-ics

organized knowledge, treatment

7

idio-

self, one's own

8

ileo-

ileum

9

infra-

below

10

inter-

between, among

11

intra-

within

12

ipsi-

same

13

irid(o)-

iris

14

isch-

restriction

15

ischio-

Of or pertaining to the ischium, the hip-joint

16

-ism

condition, disease

17

-ismus

spasm, contraction

18

iso-

Denoting something as being 'equal'

19

-ist

one who specializes in

20

-ite

the nature of, resembling

21

-itis

inflammation

22

-ium

structure, tissue

23

kal/i

potassium

24

karyo-

nucleus

25

kerat(o)-

cornea (eye or skin)

26

kin(e)-, kin(o), kinesi(o)-

movement

27

koil(o)-

hollow

28

kyph(o)-

humped

29

labi(o)-

Of or pertaining to the lip

30

lacrim(o)-

tear

31

lact(i)-, lact(o)

milk

32

lapar(o)-

Of or pertaining to the abdomen-wall, flank

33

laryng(o)-

Of or pertaining to the larynx, the lower throat cavity where the voice box is

34

latero-

lateral

35

lei(o)-

smooth

36

-lepsis, -lepsy

attack, seizure

37

lept(o)-

light, slender

38

leuc(o)-, leuk(o)-

Denoting a white color

39

lingu(a)-, lingu(o)-

Of or pertaining to the tongue

40

lip(o)-

fat

41

lith(o)-

stone, calculus

42

log(o)-

speech

43

-logist

Denotes someone who studies a certain field: _____-logy

44

-logy

Denotes the academic study or practice of a certain field; The study of

45

lymph(o)-

lymph

46

lys(o)-, -lytic

dissolution

47

-lysis

Destruction, separation

48

macr(o)-

large, long

49

-malacia

softening

50

mamm(o)-

Of or pertaining to the breast

51

mammill(o)-

Of or pertaining to the nipple

52

manu-

Of or pertaining to the hand

53

mast(o)-

Of or pertaining to the breast

54

meg(a)-, megal(o)-, -megaly

enlargement

55

melan(o)-

black color

56

melos

extremity

57

mening(o)-

membrane

58

mero-

part

59

mes(o)-

middle

60

meta-

after, behind

61

-meter

instrument used to measure or count

62

-metry

process of measuring

63

metr(o)-

Pertaining to conditions or instruments of the uterus

64

micro-

denoting something as small, or relating to smallness

65

mon(o)-

single

66

morph(o)-

form, shape

67

muscul(o)-

muscle

68

my(o)-

Of or relating to muscle

69

myc(o)-

fungus

70

myel(o)-

Of or relating to bone marrow

71

myring(o)-

eardrum

72

myx(o)-

mucus

73

narc(o)-

numb, sleep

74

nas(o)-

Of or pertaining to the nose

75

necr(o)-

death

76

neo-

new

77

nephr(o)-

Of or pertaining to the kidney

78

nerv-

Of or pertaining to nerves and the nervous system [Uncommon as a root: neuro- mostly always used]

79

neur(i)-, neur(o)-

Of or pertaining to nerves and the nervous system

80

normo-

normal

81

ocul(o)-

Of or pertaining to the eye

82

odont(o)-

Of or pertaining to teeth

83

odyn(o)-

pain

84

-oesophageal, oesophago-(BrE)

gullet

85

-oid

resemblance to

86

ole

small or little

87

olig(o)-

Denoting something as 'having little, having few'

88

om(o)-

Of or pertaining to the shoulder

89

-oma (singular), -omata (plural)

tumor, mass, collection

90

omphal(o)-

Of or pertaining to the navel, the umbilicus

91

onco-

tumor, bulk, volume

92

onych(o)-

Of or pertaining to the nail (of a finger or toe)

93

oo-

Of or pertaining to the an egg, a woman's egg, the ovum

94

oophor(o)-

Of or pertaining to the woman's ovary

95

ophthalm(o)-

Of or pertaining to the eye

96

optic(o)-

Of or relating to chemical properties of the eye

97

or(o)-

Of or pertaining to the mouth

98

orchi(o)-, orchid(o)-, orch(o)-

testis

99

orth(o)-

Denoting something as straight or correct

100

-osis

a condition, disease or increase

101

osseo-

bony

102

ossi-

bone

103

ost(e)-, oste(o)-

bone

104

ot(o)-

Of or pertaining to the ear

105

-ous

pertaining to

106

ovari(o)-

Of or pertaining to the ovaries

107

ovo-, ovi-, ov-

Of or pertaining to the eggs, the ovum

108

oxo-

addition of oxygen

109

oxy-

sharp, acid, acute, oxygen

110

pachy-

thick

111

palpebr-

Of or pertaining to the eyelid [uncommon as a root]

112

pan-, pant(o)-

Denoting something as 'complete' or containing 'everything'

113

papill-

Of or pertaining to the nipple (of the chest/breast)

114

papul(o)-

Indicates papulosity, a small elevation or swelling in the skin, a pimple, swelling

115

para-

alongside of, abnormal

116

-paresis

slight paralysis

117

parvo-

small

118

path(o)-

disease

119

-pathy

Denotes (with a negative sense) a disease, or disorder

120

ped-, -ped-, -pes

Of or pertaining to the foot; -footed

121

pelv(i)-, pelv(o)-

hip bone

122

-penia

deficiency

123

peo-

Of or pertaining to the penis

124

-pepsia

Denotes something relating to digestion, or the digestive tract.

125

per-

through

126

peri-

Denoting something with a position 'surrounding' or 'around' another

127

-pexy

fixation

128

phaco-

lens-shaped

129

-phage, -phagia

Forms terms denoting conditions relating to eating or ingestion

130

-phago-

eating, devouring

131

phagist-:

Forms nouns that denote a person who 'feeds on' the first element or part of the word

132

-phagy

Forms nouns that denotes 'feeding on' the first element or part of the word

133

phallo-

phallus

134

pharmaco-

drug, medication

135

pharyng(o)-

Of or pertaining to the pharynx, the upper throat cavity

136

-phil(ia)

attraction for

137

phleb(o)-

Of or pertaining to the (blood) veins, a vein

138

-phobia

exaggerated fear, sensitivity

139

phon(o)-

sound

140

phos-

Of or pertaining to light or its chemical properties, now historic and used rarely. See the common root phot(o)- below.

141

phot(o)-

Of or pertaining to light

142

piri-

Pear

143

phren(i)-, phren(o)-, phrenico

the mind

144

-plasia

formation, development

145

-plasty

surgical repair, reconstruction

146

-plegia

paralysis

147

pleio-

more, excessive, multiple

148

pleur(o)-, pleur(a)

Of or pertaining to the ribs

149

-plexy

stroke or seizure

150

pneum(o)-

Of or pertaining to the lungs

151

pneumat(o)-

air, lung

152

pod-, -pod-, -pus

Of or pertaining to the foot, -footed

153

-poiesis

production

154

polio-

Denoting a grey color

155

poly-

Denotes a 'plurality' of something

156

por(o)-

pore, porous

157

porphyr(o)-

Denotes a purple color

158

post-

Denotes something as 'after' or 'behind' another

159

pre-

Denotes something as 'before' another (in [physical] position or time)

160

presby(o)-

old age

161

prim-

Denotes something as 'first' or 'most-important'

162

pro-

Denotes something as 'before' another (in [physical] position or time)

163

proct(o)-

anus, rectum

164

prosop(o)-

face

165

prot(o)-

Denotes something as 'first' or 'most important'

166

pseud(o)-

Denotes something false or fake

167

psych(e)-, psych(o)

Of or pertaining to the mind

168

pterygo-

Pertaining to a wing

169

psor-

Itching

170

-ptosis

falling, drooping, downward placement, prolapse

171

-ptysis

(a spitting), spitting, hemoptysis, the spitting of blood derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes

172

pulmon-, pulmo-

Of or relating to the lungs.

173

pyel(o)-

pelvis

174

pyo-

pus

175

pyro-

fever

176

quadr(i)-

four

177

radio-

radiation

178

re-

again, backward

179

rect(o)-

rectum

180

ren(o)-

Of or pertaining to the kidney

181

reticul(o)-

net

182

retro-

backward, behind

183

rhabd(o)-

rod shaped, striated

184

rhachi(o)-

spine

185

rhin(o)-

Of or pertaining to the nose

186

rhod(o)-

Denoting a rose-red color

187

-rrhage

burst forth

188

-rrhagia

rapid flow of blood

189

-rrhaphy

surgical suturing

190

-rrhea (AmE)

flowing, discharge

191

-rrhexis

rupture

192

-rrhoea

flowing, discharge

193

rubr(o)-

Of or pertaining to the red nucleus of the brain