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Flashcards in Medical terminology Deck (233):
1

Gastr/o

stomach

2

hepat/o

liver

3

nephr/o

kidney

4

ren/o

kidney

5

oste/o

bone

6

dermat/o; cutane/o

skin

7

chondr/o

cartilage

8

splen/o

spleen

9

hyster/o

uterus

10

enter/o

intestines

11

neur/o

nerve

12

arthr/o

joint

13

angi/o; vascul/o

vessel (blood or lymph)

14

aort/o

aorta

15

cardi/o

heart

16

bronchi/o

bronchus

17

bronch/o

bronchi

18

pneum/o; pneumon/o

lung

19

my/o

muscle

20

aden/o

gland

21

hem/o; hemat/o

blood

22

myel/o

bone marrow/spinal cord

23

encephal/o

brain

24

cyst/o; vesic/o

bladder

25

epi-

above, upon

26

hypo; infra; sub

under, below, deficient

27

inter

between

28

post

after, behind

29

pre, pro, ante

before, in front of, forward

30

retro

backward, behind

31

bi

two

32

dipl; diplo

double

33

hemi

on half

34

hyper

excessive; above normal

35

macro

large

36

micro

small

37

mono, uni

one

38

multi, poly

many, much

39

primi

first

40

quadri

four

41

tri

three

42

ab

from, away from

43

ad

toward

44

circum, peri

around

45

dia, trans

through, across

46

ecto; exo; extra

outside, outward

47

end; intra

in, within

48

para

near, beside, beyond

49

super; supra

upper, above, excessive

50

a, an

without, not

51

anti; contra

against

52

brady

slow

53

dys

bad, painful, difficult

54

eu

good, normal

55

hetero

different

56

homo, homeo

same

57

mal

bad

58

pan

all

59

pseudo

false

60

super

upper, above

61

syn

union, together, joined

62

tachy

rapid

63

trans

across, through

64

centesis

surgical puncture

65

ectomy

excision, removal

66

lysis

separation, destruction, loosening

67

pexy

fixation (of an organ)

68

plasty

surgical repair

69

stomy

forming an opening (mouth)

70

tomy

incision

71

tripsy

crushing

72

gram

record, writing

73

graphy

process of recording

74

scope

instrument for examining

75

scopy

visual examination

76

algia, dynia

pain

77

cele

hernia, swelling

78

ectasis

dilation, expansion

79

edema

swelling

80

emesis

vomiting

81

emia

blood condiiton

82

gen, genesis

forming, producing, origin

83

iasis

abnormal condition (produced by something specific)

84

itis

inflammation

85

lith

stone, calculus

86

malacia

softening

87

megaly

enlargement

88

oma

tumor

89

osis

abnormal condition, increase

90

pathy

disease

91

penia

decrease, deficiency

92

phagia

eating, swalling

93

phasia

speech

94

phobia

fear

95

plasia, plasm

formation, growth

96

plegia

paralysis

97

rrhage, rrhagia

bursting forth

98

rrhea

discharge, flow

99

sclerosis

abnormal condition of hardening

100

spasm

involuntary contraction, twitching

101

toxic

poison

102

trophy

nourishment; development

103

esis, ia, ism

condition

104

albin/o; leuk/o

white

105

chlor/o

green

106

chrom/o

color

107

cirri/o; jaund/o; xanth/o

yellow

108

cyan/o

blue

109

erythr/o

red

110

melan/o

black

111

poli/o

gray; gray matter (of brain or spinal cord)

112

ankyl/o

stiffness; bent; crooked

113

kpyh/o

humpback

114

lord/o

curve; swayback

115

spondyl/o; vertebr/o

vertebrae

116

leiomy/o

smooth muscle; visceral

117

asthenia

weakness; disability

118

clasia

to break; surgical fracture

119

clast

to break

120

desis

binding; fixation

121

malacia

softening

122

physis

growth

123

porosis

porous

124

kinesi/o

movement

125

narc/o

sleep, stupor, numbness

126

radicul/o

nerve root

127

ton/o

tension

128

algesia, algia

pain

129

esthesia

feeling

130

lepsy

seizure

131

paresis

partial paralysis

132

plegia

paralysis

133

taxia

order, coordination

134

or/o; stomat/o

mouth

135

gloss/o; lingo/o

tongue

136

bucc/o

cheek

137

cheil/o;labi/o

lip

138

sial/o

saliva, salivary gland

139

cholangi/o

bile vessel

140

chol/e

bill; gall

141

cholecyst/o

gall bladder

142

iasis

abnormal condition produced by something specific

143

megaly

enlargement

144

orexia

appetite

145

pepsia

digestion

146

phagia

swallowing; eating

147

prandial

meal

148

atel/o

incomplete, imperfect

149

coni/o

dust

150

lob/o

lobe

151

orth/o

straight

152

ox/i; ox/o

oxygen

153

phren/o

diaphragm; mind

154

spir/o

breathe

155

capnia

carbon dioxide

156

osmia

smell

157

phonia

voice

158

pnea

breathing

159

ptysis

spitting

160

ather/o

fatty plaque

161

hemangi/o

blood vessel

162

phleb/o; ven/o

vein

163

sten/o

narrowing; stricture

164

thromb/o

blood clot

165

meat/o

opening, meatus

166

pyel/o

renal pelvis

167

ur/o

urine, urinary tract

168

andr/o

male

169

balan/o

glans penis

170

orch/o; orchi/o; orchid/o; test/o

testis, testes

171

perine/o

perineum

172

varic/o

dilated vein

173

vas/o

vessel; vas deferens; duct

174

azot/o

nitrogenous compounds

175

crypt/o

hidden

176

kal/i

potassium

177

noct/o

night

178

olig/o

scanty

179

pu/o

pus

180

spadias

slit; fissure

181

uria

urine

182

cervic/o

neck; cervix

183

cole/o; vagin/o

vagina

184

galact/o; lact/o

milk

185

hyster/o; metri/o; uter/o

uterus

186

mamm/o; mast/o

breast

187

men/o

menses, menstruation

188

nat/o

birth

189

oophor/o, ovari/o

ovary

190

salping/o

tube (fallopian or eustachian)

191

arche

beginning

192

cyesis

pregnancy

193

gravida

pregnant woman

194

para

to bear (offspring)

195

salpinx

tube

196

tocia

childbirth; labor

197

-version

turning

198

calc/o

calcium

199

crin/o

secrete

200

gluc/o; glyc/o; glycos/o

sugar, sweetness

201

toxic

poison

202

ambly/o

dull; dim

203

blephar/o

eyelid

204

dacry/o

tear; lacrimal apparatus

205

ocul/o; ophthalm/o

eye

206

presby/o

old age

207

scot/p

darkness

208

ot/o

ear

209

myring/o; tympan/o

tympanic membrane

210

acusia, cusis

hearing

211

tropia

turning

212

adip/o; lip/o; steat/o

fat

213

hidr/o; sudor/o

sweat

214

ichthyc/o

dry, scaly

215

kerat/o

horny tissue; hard; cornea

216

myc/o

fungus

217

onych/o; ungu/o

nail

218

pil/o; trich/o

hair

219

scler/o

hardening; sclera

220

seb/o

sebum; sebaceous

221

squam/o

scale

222

xen/o

foreign; strange

223

xer/o

dry

224

neutr/o

neutral; neither

225

phag/o

swelling; eating

226

plas/o

formation; growth

227

ser/o

serum

228

sider/o

iron

229

blast

embryonic cell

230

globin

protein

231

phil

attraction for

232

phylaxis

protection

233

poiesis

formation; production