Medical Terminology for Health Professions Part 1 Flashcards Preview

Northview HOSA Bowl 2015 > Medical Terminology for Health Professions Part 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medical Terminology for Health Professions Part 1 Deck (184):
1

-algia

a suffix meaning ... pain, painful condition. (pg6)

2

dys-

a prefix meaning ... bad, difficult, or painful. (pg9)

3

-ectomy

a suffix meaning ... surgical removal, cutting out. (pg13)

4

hyper-

a prefix meaning ... excessive or increased. (pg4,9)

5

hypo-

a prefix meaning ... deficient or decreased. (pg9)

6

-itis

a suffix meaning ... inflammation. (pg4,6)

7

-osis

a suffix meaning ... "abnormal condition, disease" ... that begins with "-o". (pg6)

8

-ostomy

a suffix meaning ... the surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface. (pg13)

9

-otomy

a suffix meaning ... cutting, surgical incision. (pg13)

10

-plasty

a suffix meaning ... surgical repair. (pg7)

11

-rrhage

a suffix meaning ... bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge. Most often used to describe sudden, severe bleeding. Similar to -rrhagia. (pg7)

12

-rrhaphy

a suffix meaning ... surgical suturing to close a wound and includes the use of sutures, staples, or surgical glue. (pg7)

13

-rrhea

a suffix meaning ... flow or discharge and refers to the flow of most body fluids. (pg7)

14

-rrhexis

a suffix meaning ... rupture. (pg7)

15

-sclerosis

a suffix meaning ... abnormal hardening. The opposite of -malacia. (pg7)

16

abdominocentesis

the surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid. (pg7, 481)

17

acronym

a word formed from the initial letter of the major parts of a compound term. (pg14)

18

acute

a condition that has a rapid onset, a severe course, and a relatively short duration. (p14)

19

angiography

the process of producing a radiographic (x-ray) study of blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium to make these blood vessels visible. (pg7, 152)

20

appendectomy

the surgical removal of the appendix. (pg13)

21

arteriosclerosis

the abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries. (pg7, 148)

22

arthralgia

pain in a joint or joints. (pg13)

23

colostomy

the surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface. (pg13, 261-262)

24

cyanosis

the blue discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen in the blood. (pg5, 221)

25

dermatologist

a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin. (pg15, 381)

26

diagnosis

the identification of a disease (plural, diagnoses). (pg14)

27

diarrhea

the frequent flow of loose or watery stools. (pg7)

28

edema

swelling caused by an abnormal accumulation of fluid in cells, tissues, or cavities of the body. (pg12, 15, 217, 280)

29

endarterial

pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery. (pg12, 137)

30

eponym

a disease, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered or described it first. For example, "Alzheimer's disease" is named for a German neurologist. (pg14)

31

erythrocyte

a mature red blood cell. (pg5, 140)

32

fissure

a groove or crack-like sore of the skin. This term also describes normal folds in the contours of the brain. (pg14, 311, 385)

33

fistula

an abnormal passage, usually between two internal organs or leading from an organ to the surface of the body. This may be due to surgery, injury, or the draining of an abscess. (pg14, 283)

34

gastralgia

pain in the stomach, also known as a stomachache. (pg6)

35

gastritis

an inflammation of the stomach. (pg6, 250)

36

gastroenteritis

an inflammation of the stomach and small intestine. (pg5, 251)

37

gastrosis

any disease of the stomach. (pg6)

38

hemorrhage

the loss of a large amount of blood in a short time. This term also means to bleed. (pg7, 150)

39

hepatomegaly

abnormal enlargement of the liver. (pg6, 256)

40

hypertension

higher-than-normal blood pressure. (pg9, 151)

41

hypotension

lower-than-normal blood pressure. (pg9, 151)

42

infection

the invasion of the body by a pathogenic (disease-producing) organism. This can remain localized (near the point of entry) or can be systemic (affecting the entire body). Signs and symptoms of this include malaise, chills and fever, redness, heat and swelling, or exudate from a wound. (pg14)

43

inflammation

a localized response to an injury or to the destruction of tissues. The key indicators of this are (1) redness, (2) heat, (3) swelling, and (4) pain. These are caused by extra blood flowing into the area as part of the healing process. (pg15)

44

interstitial

between, but not within, the parts of a tissue. (pg 9, 218, 282)

45

intramuscular

within the muscle. (pg9)

46

laceration

a torn or jagged wound or an accidental cut wound. (pg15, 385)

47

lesion

a pathologic change of the tissues due to disease or injury. (pg15, 151, 384)

48

malaise

a feeling of general discomfort or uneasiness that is often the first indication of an infection or other disease. (pg14)

49

mycosis

any abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus. (pg15, 389)

50

myelopathy

any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord. (pg15)

51

myopathy

any pathologic change or disease of muscle tissue. (pg15)

52

myorrhexis

the rupture of a muscle. (pg7)

53

natal

pertaining to birth. (pg8)

54

neonatology

the study of disorders of the newborn. (pg15)

55

neurorrhaphy

suturing together the ends of a severed nerve. (pg5, 326)

56

otorhinolaryngology

the study of the ear, nose, and throat. This specialty is also known as ENT (ear, nose, throat). (pg9, 10)

57

palpation

an examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts. (pg15, 476)

58

palpitation

a pounding or racing heart. (pg15, 146)

59

pathology

the study of all aspects of diseases. Suffixes related to this describe specific disease conditions. (pg6, 28, 41)

60

phalanges

the bones of the fingers and toes (singular, phalanx). (pg12, 73, 77)

61

poliomyelitis

a viral infection of the gray matter of the spinal cord. (pg5, 323)

62

prognosis

a prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disorder (plural, prognoses). (pg14)

63

pyoderma

any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection such as impetigo. (pg16)

64

pyrosis

discomfort due to the regurgitation of stomach acid upward into the esophagus, also known as heartburn. (pg16, 250)

65

remission

the temporary, partial, or complete disappearance of the symptoms of a disease without having achieved a cure. (pg14, 323)

66

sign

objective evidence of disease such as a fever. (pg14)

67

supination

the act of rotating the arm so that the palm of the hand is forward or upward. (pg16, 105)

68

suppuration

the formation or discharge of pus. (pg16, 281)

69

supracostal

above or outside the ribs. (pg9)

70

symptom

subjective evidence of a disease, such as pain or a headache. (pg14)

71

syndrome

a set of signs and symptoms that occur as part of a specific disease process. (pg14)

72

tonsillitis

an inflammation of the tonsils. (pg5, 179)

73

trauma

means wound or injury. These are the types of injuries that might occur in an accident, shooting, natural disaster, or fire. (pg16)

74

triage

the medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment. (pg16)

75

viral

pertaining to a virus. (pg16, 151)

76

angi/o

blood vessel. (pg7)

77

-graphy

a suffix meaning ... the process of producing a picture or record. (pg7)

78

append

a word root meaning ... appendix. (pg13)

79

gastr/o

a combining form meaning ... stomach. (pg4,5)

80

word root

contains the basic meaning of the term and usually, but not always, indicates the involved body part. (pg4)

81

combining form

a word root with a combining vowel added at the end. (pg4)

82

suffix

always comes at the end of a word and usually, but not always, indicates procedure, condition, disorder, or disease. (pg4)

83

prefix

always comes at the beginning of a word and usually, but not always, indicates location, time, number, or status. (pg4)

84

cyan/o

a combining form meaning ... blue. (pg5)

85

erythr/o

a combining form meaning ... red. (pg5)

86

leuk/o

a combining form meaning ... white. (pg5)

87

leukocyte

a white blood cell. (pg5)

88

melan/o

a combining form meaning ... black. (pg5)

89

melanosis

any condition of unusual deposits of black pigment in body tissues or organs. (pg5)

90

poli/o

a combining form meaning ... gray. (pg5)

91

enter/o

a combining form meaning ... small intestine. (pg5)

92

neur/o

a combining form meaning ... nerve. (pg5)

93

neuroplasty

the surgical repair of a nerve. (pg5)

94

tonsillectomy

the surgical removal of the tonsils.(pg5)

95

cranium

the portion of the skull that encloses the brain. (pg5)

96

crani

a word root meaning ... skull. (pg5)

97

-a, -e, -um, -us, -y

suffixes meaning ... this word is a noun. (pg6)

98

cardiac

pertaining to the heart. (pg6)

99

cardi

a word root meaning ... heart. (pg6)

100

-ac, -al, -an, -ar, -ary

suffixes meaning ... "pertaining to" ... that begin with "-a". (pg6)

101

-eal

a suffix meaning ... "pertaining to" ... that begins with "-e". (pg6)

102

-ical, -ial, ic, -ine, -ior

suffixes meaning ... "pertaining to" ... that begin with "-i". (pg6)

103

-ory, -ous

suffixes meaning ... "pertaining to" ... that begin with "-o". (pg6)

104

-tic

a suffix meaning ... "pertaining to" ... that begins with "-t". (pg6)

105

-ago

a suffix meaning ... "abnormal condition" ... that begins with "-a". (pg6)

106

-esis

a suffix meaning ... "abnormal condition" ... that begins with "-e". (pg6)

107

-ia, -iasis, -ion, -ism

suffixes meaning ... "abnormal condition" ... that begin with "-e". (pg6)

108

path

a word root meaning ... disease. (pg6)

109

-ology

a suffix meaning ... study of. (pg6)

110

-dynia

a suffix meaning ... pain. Not used as commonly as -algia. (pg6)

111

-megaly

a suffix meaning ... enlargement. (pg6)

112

hepat/o

a combining form meaning ... liver. (pg6)

113

-melacia

a suffix meaning ... abnormal softening. The opposite of -sclerosis. (pg6)

114

arteriomalacia

the abnormal softening of the walls of an artery or arteries. (pg6-7)

115

arteri/o

a combining form meaning ... artery. (pg7,12)

116

-necrosis

a suffix meaning ... tissue death. (pg7)

117

arterionecrosis

the tissue death of an artery or arteries. (pg7)

118

-stenosis

a suffix meaning ... abnormal narrowing. (pg7)

119

arteriostenosis

the abnormal narrowing of an artery or arteries. (pg7)

120

-centesis

a suffix meaning ... a surgical puncture to remove fluid for diagnostic purposes, or to remove excess fluid. (pg7,481)

121

abdomin/o

a combining form meaning ... abdomen. (pg7)

122

-gram

a suffix meaning ... a picture or record. (pg7)

123

angiogram

the resulting film that is produced by angiography. (pg7)

124

myoplasty

the surgical repair of muscle. (pg7)

125

-scopy

a suffix meaning ... visual examination. (pg7)

126

arthroscopy

the visual examination of the internal structure of a joint. (pg7)

127

arthr/o

a combining form meaning ... joint. (pg7,13)

128

-rrhagia

a suffix meaning ... bleeding. Most often used to describe sudden, severe bleeding. Same as -rrhage. (pg7)

129

myorrhaphy

the surgical suturing of a muscle wound. (pg7)

130

nat

a word root meaning ... birth. (pg8)

131

prenatal

the time and events before birth. (pg8)

132

pre-

a prefix meaning ... before. (pg8)

133

perinatal

the time and events surrounding birth. (pg8)

134

peri-

a prefix meaning ... surrounding. (pg8)

135

postnatal

the time and events after birth. (pg8)

136

post-

a prefix meaning ... after, behind. (pg8)

137

ab-

a prefix meaning ... away from, negative, absent. (pg8,9)

138

ad-

a prefix meaning ... toward, to, in the direction of. (pg8,9)

139

dextr/o

a combining form meaning ... right side. (pg8)

140

sinistr/o

a combining form meaning ... left side. (pg8)

141

ex-

a prefix meaning ... out of, outside, away from. (pg8)

142

in-

a prefix meaning ... in, into, not, without. (pg8)

143

macro-

a prefix meaning ... large, abnormal size, or long. (pg8)

144

micro-

a prefix meaning ... small. (pg8)

145

mega-

a prefix meaning ... large, great. (pg8)

146

olig/o

a combining form meaning ... scanty, few. (pg8)

147

abnormal

not normal or away from normal. (pg9)

148

addiction

drawn toward or a strong dependence on a drug or substance. (pg9)

149

dysfunctional

an organ or body part that is not working properly. (pg9)

150

eu-

a prefix meaning ... good, normal, well, or easy. (pg9)

151

eupnea

easy or normal breathing. (pg9)

152

inter-

a prefix meaning ... between or among. (pg9)

153

intra-

a prefix meaning ... within or inside. (pg9)

154

sub-

a prefix meaning ... under, less, or below. (pg9)

155

super-, supra-

prefixes meaning ... above or excessive. (pg9)

156

subcostal

below a rib or ribs. (pg9)

157

laryng

a word root meaning ... larynx or throat. (pg9)

158

rhin/o

a combining form meaning ... nose. (pg9)

159

ot/o

a combining form meaning ... ear. (pg10)

160

ENT

an abbreviation for ... "ears, nose, and throat". (pg10)

161

otolaryngology

the study of ears and larynx (or throat), a shortened version of "otorhinolaryngology". (pg10, 9)

162

lithotomy

a surgical incision for the removal of a stone. Also, an examination position in which the patient is laying on her back with her feet and legs raised and supported in stirrups. (pg10)

163

lith

a word root meaning ... stone. (pg10)

164

NIH

an abbreviation for ... "National Institutes of Health". (pg11)

165

appendicitis

an inflammation of the appendix. (pg12)

166

appendic

a word root meaning ... appendix. (pg12)

167

end-

a prefix meaning ... within. (pg12)

168

ather/o

a combining form meaning ... plaque or fatty substance. (pg12,13)

169

atheroma

a fatty deposit within the wall of an artery. (pg12-13)

170

-oma

a suffix meaning ... tumor. (pg13)

171

If a singular term ends in the suffix -a ...

The plural is usually formed by changing the ending to -ae. (pg13)

172

If a singular term ends in the suffix -ex or -ix ...

The plural is usually formed by changing these endings to -ices. (pg13)

173

If a singular term ends in the suffix -is ...

The plural is usually formed by changing the ending to -es. (pg13)

174

If a singular term ends in the suffix -itis ...

The plural is usually formed by changing the ending to -ides. (pg13)

175

If a singular term ends in the suffix -nx ...

The plural is usually formed by changing the -x ending to -ges. (pg13)

176

If a singular term ends in the suffix -on ...

The plural is usually formed by changing the ending to -a. (pg13)

177

If a singular term ends in the suffix -um ...

The plural is usually formed by changing the ending to -a. (pg13)

178

If a singular term ends in the suffix -us ...

The plural is usually formed by changing the ending to -i. (pg13)

179

col

a word root meaning ... colon. (pg13)

180

DX

an abbreviation for ... "diagnosis". (pg14)

181

differential diagnosis

an attempt to determine which one of several diseases can be causing the signs and symptoms that are present. Also known as a "rule out". (pg14)

182

D/DX

an abbreviation for ... "differential diagnosis" (pg14)

183

rule out

also known as a "differential diagnosis". (pg14)

184

R/O

an abbreviation for ... "rule out". (pg14)