Flashcards in Medical Terminology for Health Professions Part 11 Deck (188):
is the partial or complete loss of hair, most commonly on the scalp.
Also known as a lid lift. The surgical reduction of the upper and lower eyelids by removing sagging skin.
a large blister more than 0.5 in diameter.
a soft, raised, pink or red vascular birthmark.
a cluster of connected furuncles (boils).
an acute rapidly spreading infection within the connective tissues, that is characterized by swelling and warmth.
a pigmentation disorder characterized by brownish spots on the face.
a normal scar resulting from the healing of a wound.
a noninfected lesion formed by the buildup of sebum and keratin in a hair follicle
removal or dirt or foreign objects, damaged tissue, and cellular debris from a wound to prevent infection.
inflammation of the skin.
is profuse sweating.
atypical moles that can develop into skin cancer.
a bruise, a large, irregular area of purplish discoloration due to bleeding under the skin.
form of persistent or recurring dermatitis usually characterized by redness, itching, and dryness
redness of the skin due to capillary dilation
abnormal redness of the entire skin surface.
a widespread rash, usually in children
a condition in which there is widespread scaling of the skin.
an inflammation of the hair follicles.
also known as boils, large tender, swollen areas caused by staphylococcal infection around the hair follicle or sebaceous glands
a general term used to describe a small, knot like swelling of granulation tissue in the epidermis.
a swelling of clotted blood trapped in the tissues.
the presence of excessive body and facial hair in women, usually occurring in a male pattern.
a group of hereditary disorders characterized by dry, thickened, and scaly skin.
a highly contagious bacterial skin infection that occurs in children.
an abnormally raised or thickened scar that expands beyond the boundaries of the original incision.
any skin growth, such as a wart or callus, in which there is overgrowth and thickening of the skin.
a malformation of the nails in which the outer surface is concave or scooped out like the bowl of a spoon.
chronic abnormal condition that is characterized by the accumulation of fat and fluid in tissues just under the skin of the hips and legs.
a benign, slow-growing fatty tumor located between the skin and the muscle layer
a discolored flat spot that is less than 1cm in diameter. freckles or flat moles.
a type of skin cancer that occurs in the melanocytes. the most serious type of skin cancer.
a severe infection caused by Group A strep bacteria.
ingrown toenail, the edges of the toenail curve inward and cut into the skin.
a fungal infection of the nail.
a benign, superficial wart-like growth on the epithelial tissue or elsewhere in the body, such as in the bladder.
a small, raised red lesion that is less than 0.5 cm in diameter and does not contain pus. small pimples and insect bites.
an acute or chronic infection of the skin fold around a nail.
an infestation with lice.
very small, pinpoint hemorrhages that are less than 2mm in diameter.
itching associated with most forms of dermatitis.
a common skin disorder characterized by flare-ups in which red papules covered with silvery scales occur on the elbows, knees, scalp, back or buttocks.
the apperance of multiple purple discolorations on the skin caused by bleeding underneath the skin.
means producing or containing pus
also known as a face lift. the surgical removal of excess skin and fat from the face to eliminate wrinkles.
also known as adult acne. tiny red pimples and broken blood vessels.
a skin infestation of itch mites.
autoimmune disorder in which connective tissues become thickened and hardened
is overactivity of the sebaceous glands that results in the production of an excessive amount of sebum
squamous cell carcinoma
orginates as a malignant tumor of the scaly squamous cells of the epithelium.
systemic lupus erythematosus
an autoimmune disorder characterized by a red, scaly rash on the face and upper trunk. also attacks the connective tissue in other body systems, especially in the joints.
a fungal infection that can grow on the skin, hair, or nails. also known as ringworm.
also known as hives, itchy wheals caused by an allergic reaction.
small, hard skin lesions caused by hpv. (warts)
a skin condition resulting from destruction of the melanocytes due to unknown causes.
a small bump that itches. (welts)
also known as xerosis, excessively dry skin
forms the protective outer covering to the external organs
secrete sebumm (oil) that lubricates the skin and discourages the growth of bacteria on the skin. Closely associated with hair follicles, located in the dermis layer.
help regulate the body temperature and water content by secreting sweat
controls the lost of body heat
protects the dorsal surface of the last bone of each toe and finger
the outermost layer of the skin, is made up of several specialized epithelial tissues.
form a protective covering for all of the internal and external surfaces of the body.
squamous epithelial tissue
forms the upper layer of the epidermis
the lowest layer of the epidermis
a fibrous, water-repellent protein
special cells that are found in the basal cell layer.
the pigment that determines the color of the skin.
the thick layer of living tissue directly below the epidermis.
sensory nerve ending
sensory receptors for stimuli such as touch, temperature, pain, and pressure
tough, yet flexible, fibrous protein material found in the skin, and also bones, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments.
found in the connective tissue of the dermis respond to injury, infection, or allergy
an anticoagulant that is released in response to an injury
released in response to allergens
located just below the layers of the skin and connects the skin to surface muscles.
layer made up of loose connective tissue.
predominant in the subcutaneous layer where they manufacture and store large quantities of fat
is an oily substance that is released through ducts opening into the hair follicles
milk producing modified sebaceous glands
the production and excretion of perspiration
are tiny muscle fibers attached to the hair follicles that cause hair to stand erect
are sacs that hold the root of the hair fibers
commonly known as the fingernail or toenail
the pale half-moon shaped region at every nail root
a narrow band of epidermis attached to the surface of the nail just in front of the root
fastens the nail to the finger or toe by fitting into a groove in the skin.
specializes in treatment of the skin
specializes in physical restoration and reconstruction of body structures
commonly known as acne. a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by pustular eruptions of the skin caused by sebum around the hair shaft
a closed sac associated with a sebaceous gland that is found under the skin.
an inflammation sometimes resulting from seborrhea that causes scaling and itching of the upper layers of the skin or scalp
a benign skin growth that has a waxy or pasted on look.
the abnormal conditon of lacking sweat in response to heat.
an intensely itchy rash caused by blockage of the sweat glands by bacteria and dead cells.
condition of excessive sweating in one area or over the whole body.
the occurrence of hyperhidrosis during sleep.
is superficial bacterial infection of the hair shafts in areas with extensive sweat glands, such as the armpits.
causes well defined bald areas on the scalp or elsewhere on the body. usually occurs in childhood
uncommon caused by total loss of hair on the scalp.
total loss of hair on all parts of the body.
abnormal curving of the nails accompanied by enlargement of the fingertips
an inflammation of the matrix of the nail that often results in the loss of the nail.
nail biting or nail eating
an injury to underlying tissues without breaking the skin and shows discoloration and pain.
a solid, raised skin lesion that is larger that 0.5 cm in diameter.
a scaly, solid raised area of closely spaced papules. lesions from psoriasis.
are flakes or dry patches made up of excess ded epidermal cells.
a closed pocket containing pus that is caused by bacterial infection
a fluid such as pus that leaks from a wound.
an abnormal sac containing gas, fluid, or semisolid material
a small cicumscribed lesion containing pus, also known as a pimple.
a small blister, containing watery fluid
an injury in which superficial layers of skin are scraped or rubbed away.
a groove or crack-like break in the skin. also describe folds in the brain.
a torn or jagged wound
also known as a bedsore, an open ulcerated wound that is caused by prolonged pressure on an area of skin.
a deep hole made by a sharp object.
an open lesion of the skin or mucous membrane resulting in tissue loss around the edges.
also known as moles
caused by blood vessels close to the skin surface.
a flat vascular birthmark made up of dilated blood capillaries, creating a large, reddish purple discoloration on the face or neck.
general term used to denote skin lesions or eruptions of any type that are not associated with inflammation.
also known as a bulbous nose, usually occurs in older men. overgrowth of tissues of the nose and is associated with advanced rosacea.
tissue death. caused by a loss of circulation to the affected tissues.
any acute inflammatory pus-forming bacterial skin infection such as impetigo.
abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus.
thickening part of the skin on the hands or feet caused by repeated rubbing.
a normal scar resulting from the healing of a wound.
a small, dark, skin growth that develops from melanocytes in the skin.
a general term used most commonly to describe a mushroom-like growth from the surface of a mucous membrane.
are small, flesh colored or light-brown polyps that hang from the body by fine stalks.
a harmful, malignant growth on the skin which can have many causes, including repeated severe sunburns or long-term exposure to the sun.
basal cell carcinoma
a malignant tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis. lesions that occur mainly on the face or neck and tend to bleed easily.
an injury to the body tissues caused by heat, flame, electricity, sun, chemicals, or radiation.
the removal of a small piece of living tissue for examination to confirm or establish a diagnosis.
a technique in which cells are scraped from the tissue and examined under a mircoscope.
blocks out the harmful ultra-violet B rays.
destruction of tissue by burning
also known as a chemical peel, the use of chemicals to remove the outer layers of skin to treat acne scarring, fine wrinkling, and keratoses.
the destruction or elmination of abnormal tissue cells, such as warts or tumors through the application of extreme cold by using liquid nitrogen.
the removal of material from the surface by scraping.
a from of abrasion involving the use of revolving wire brush or sandpaper.
a surgical technique in which tissue is destroyed using an electric spark
a cut made with a surgical instrument.
a technique used to treat various types of skin cancer.
the surgical removal of fat from beneath the skin to improve physical appearance.
the surgical removal of fat beneath the skin with the aid of suction.
the treatment of spider veins by injecting a saline solution into the vein.
"extremities (hands and feet), top, extreme point."
gonad, sex glands.
condition, state of.
"thymus gland, soul."
abnormal enlargement of the extremeties caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone after puberty
occurs when the adrenal glands do not produce enough of the hormones cortisol or aldosterone
inflammation of the adrenal glands
an abnormality of electrolyte balance caused by the excessive secretion of aldosterone
helps control blood pressure by reducing the amount of water that is excreted
works with the parathyroid hormone to regulate calcium levels in the blood and tissues
a disorder of the adrenal glands due to excessive production of aldosterone
"regulates the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins in the body"
a congenital form of hypothyroidism
caused by prolonged exposure to high levels of cortisol
insufficient production or utilization of the antidiuretic hormone
metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both
"occurs when diabetes damages blood vessels in the retina, causing blood to leak into the posterior segment"
mineral substances, such as sodium and potassium, that are normally found in the blood
stimulates the sympathetic nervous system, it makes the heart beat faster and the liver release glucose; a vasoconstrictor to treat heart dysrhythmias and asthma attacks. Also known as adrenaline
develops and maintains the female secondary sex characteristics and regulates the menstrual cycle
an abnormal protrusion of the eyeball out of the orbit
stimulates the secretion of estrogen and the growth of ova; stimulates the production of sperm
measures average glucose levels over the past 3 weeks
gestational diabetes mellitus
diabetes that develops during pregnancy and that usually resolves after pregnancy
excessive largeness of stature
"secreted by the pancreas, increases blood sugar by stimulating the breakdown of glycogen to glucose in the liver"