Medical Terminology - grouped by meaning Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medical Terminology - grouped by meaning Deck (476):
1

abdomen

abdomino; gastro

2

abdominal wall

laparo

3

abnormal

caco; mal

4

abnormal size

macro

5

above

hyper; super; supra

6

acid

oxy

7

across

trans

8

acute

oxy

9

addition to

ad

10

after

meta; post; postero

11

against

anti; cata; contra

12

air

aero

13

all

pan

14

amnion

amnio

15

angle

gonio

16

another

hetero

17

antrum

antro

18

anus

procto

19

apart

dia

20

appendix

appendico

21

around

circum; peri

22

artery

arterio

23

articularion

arthro

24

asymmetric

aniso

25

attached to a larger part

appendico

26

attraction to

philo

27

away

de

28

away from

ab; dia

29

babble

lalo

30

back

dorso

31

backward

retro

32

bacteria

cocco

33

bad

caco; dys; mal

34

basin shaped

pelvi

35

bear

geno; phoro

36

before

ante; pre; pro

37

behind

post; postero; retro

38

belly

ventro

39

below

hypo; infra; sub

40

beneath

infra

41

beside

par; para

42

between

inter

43

beyond

extra; hyper; ultra

44

bile

chole

45

birthmark

nevo

46

black

melano

47

bladder

cysto; vesico

48

blood

emia; hemo; hemato; sanguino

49

blue

cyano

50

body

somato

51

bone

osteo

52

bone marrow

myelo

53

bones of fingers or toes

phalango

54

both

ambi

55

both sides

ambi

56

brain

cerebro; encephalo

57

breaking

clasia

58

breaking down

lyso

59

breath

spiro

60

breathe

pneo

61

breathing

pneo

62

broad

platy

63

bursa

burso

64

cancer

carcino

65

carry

phoro

66

cartilage

chondro

67

cause

etio

68

cavity

antro

69

cell

cyto

70

cervix

cervico

71

change

meta

72

chest

sterno; thoraco

73

ciliary body

cyclo

74

circular

cyclo

75

clear

acu

76

clot

thrombo

77

cluster

staphylo

78

cold

cryo

79

colon

colo

80

color

chromo

81

condition

osis

82

condyle

condylo

83

constriction

steno

84

cornea

corneo; kerato

85

correct

ortho

86

cortex

cortico

87

cranium

cranio

88

crooked

scolio

89

crushing

tripsy

90

curvature

scolio

91

curved

scolio

92

cutting

tome

93

dark

melano

94

darkness

nycto; scoto

95

death

necro; thanato

96

decay

cario

97

decrease

penia

98

deficiency

penia

99

deficient

hypo

100

destruction

lyso

101

diaphragm

phreno

102

different

allo; hetero

103

difficult

dys

104

digestion

pepso

105

digits

dactylo

106

dilation

ectasia; ectasis

107

discharge

orrhea

108

disease

patho

109

diseased

caco

110

disordered speech

lalo

111

dissimilar

aniso

112

distant

tele

113

distinctive

idio

114

double

bi; diplo

115

down

cata; de

116

downward

cata

117

drawing

gramo

118

drooping

ptosis

119

dropping

ptosis

120

dry

xero

121

ear

oto

122

ear drum

myringo; tympano

123

easy

eu

124

egg

oo

125

electrical

electro

126

embryonic

blasto

127

enlarge

megalo

128

equal

iso

129

esophagus

esophago

130

examine

scopo

131

excessive

hyper

132

excessive flow

orrhagia

133

excision

ectomy

134

extremities

acro

135

eye

oculo; ophthalmo

136

eyelid

blepharo

137

fallopian tubes

salpingo

138

false

pseudo

139

far

tele

140

fast

tachy

141

fastening

pexo

142

fat

lipo

143

fatty secretion

sebo

144

fear of

phobo

145

feeling

esthesio

146

fever

febri; pyro

147

few

oligo

148

fiber

fibro; ino

149

fibrous

ino

150

fingers or toes

dactylo

151

fire

pyro

152

first

primi; proto

153

fish

ichthyo

154

fixation

pexo

155

flat

platy

156

flesh

sarco

157

flow

orrhea

158

fluid

hydro

159

fluid filled sac

cysto

160

fold

plici

161

food

sito

162

food pipe

esophago

163

foot

podo

164

foreign

xeno

165

form

morpho

166

formation

plaso; plasmo

167

forming an opening

ostomy

168

forward

ante

169

four

tetra

170

freezing

cryo

171

from/off

ab; de

172

front

ventro

173

fungus

myco

174

gall

chole

175

ganglion

ganglio

176

gas

aero

177

germ

blasto

178

gland

adeno

179

glassy

hyalo

180

glue

glio

181

good

eu

182

gray

polio

183

great

megalo

184

green

chloro

185

grown up

pubo

186

gums

gingivo

187

hair

pilo; tricho

188

half

hemi; semi

189

hand

chiro

190

hard

sclero

191

head

cephalo

192

hear

audio

193

hearing

audio

194

heart

cardio

195

heat

pyro; thermo

196

heavy

baro

197

heel

calcaneo

198

hemorrhage

orrhagia

199

hernia

cele; orrhexis

200

hidden

crypto

201

horny

kerato

202

huge

megalo

203

humerus

humero

204

imperfect

atelo

205

in addition to

extra

206

in front of

antero; pro

207

incision

otomy

208

incomplete development

atelo

209

infection

septo

210

inflammation

itis

211

ingestion

phago

212

inner

endo

213

inside

endo

214

instrument for recording

grapho

215

intensification

ad

216

internal organs

viscero

217

inward

eso

218

iris of eye

iro; irido

219

irrigation

clyso

220

ischium

ischio

221

jaw

gnatho

222

joined

sym; syn

223

joint

arthro; gonio

224

kidney

nephro; reno

225

knowledge

gnosia

226

large

megalo; macro

227

large intestine

colo

228

larynx

laryngo

229

left

sinistro

230

left handed

sinistro

231

less than normal

hypo

232

life

bio

233

light (opposite of heavy)

lepto

234

light (opposite of dark)

photo

235

like

oid

236

limb

melo

237

lip

cheilo; labio

238

little

oligo

239

liver

hepato

240

loins

lumbo

241

loss of voluntary function

paralysis

242

low back and sides

lumbo

243

lower

cata

244

lumbar

lumbo

245

lung

pneumo; pneumono

246

lymph

lympho

247

madness

mania

248

male

andro

249

man

andro

250

many

multi; poly

251

mark

stigmato

252

mass (not kg)

onco

253

mass of tissue

ganglio

254

measure

metro

255

membranes covering spinal cord and brain

meningo

256

meninges

meningo

257

menses

meno

258

menstruation

meno

259

middle

medio; meso

260

mind

phreno; psycho

261

molded

plaso; plasmo

262

mole

nevo

263

monster

terato

264

more than normal

super; supra

265

motion

kinesio

266

mouth

stomato

267

movement

kinesio

268

mucus

muco

269

muscle

myo

270

nail

onycho

271

narrowness

steno

272

navel

omphalo

273

near

par; para

274

neck

cervico; tracheo

275

neck of organ

cervico

276

needle

acu

277

nerve

neuro

278

neuroglia

glio

279

neuron

neuro

280

new

neo

281

night

nocti; nycto

282

nipple

thelo

283

nipple like

papillo

284

none

nulli

285

normal

ortho

286

nose

naso; rhino

287

not

a; an; in

288

nourishment (development)

tropho

289

odor

osmo

290

off

de

291

old age

geri; geronto; sen

292

one

uni; mono

293

one's own

idio

294

organ of voice

laryngo

295

origin

geno

296

other

allo

297

out from

ex

298

out of place

ectopo

299

outer

external; ecto

300

outer layer

cortico

301

outside

ecto; extra

302

ovary

oophoro

303

over

epi; trans

304

pain

algia; dynia

305

painful

dys

306

painful condition

algia

307

papilla

papillo

308

paralysis

plego

309

peculiar

idio

310

pelvic floor

perineo

311

pelvis bone

pelvi

312

penis

phallo

313

perineum

perineo

314

personal

idio

315

plant

phyto

316

pleura

pleuro

317

point

stigmato

318

poor

mal

319

porridge like

athero

320

portion of eye

corneo

321

portion of pelvis

ischio

322

pressure

baro

323

private

idio

324

produce

geno

325

prolapse

ptosis

326

pubis portion of pelvis

pubo

327

pulse

sphygmo

328

puncture

centesis

329

pupil

core; coreo

330

pus

pyo

331

rapid

tachy

332

ray

actino

333

record

gramo

334

rectum

procto; recto

335

red

erythro

336

removal

ectomy

337

renal pelvis

pyelo

338

repair

plasto

339

resemble

oid

340

retina portion of eye

retino

341

rib

costo

342

right

dextro

343

root

radiculo

344

running

dromo

345

rupture

cele; orrhexis

346

sac

burso

347

same

homo

348

scant

oligo

349

science

logo

350

sebum

sebo

351

seed

spermato

352

seizure

lepsy

353

self

auto

354

sensation

esthesio

355

sense of smell

osmo

356

sensitivity to pain

algesi

357

sharp

acu; oxy

358

side

latero; pleuro

359

sinus

antro

360

skin

dermo; dermato

361

skull

cranio

362

sleep

narco; somno

363

slender

lepto

364

slow

brady

365

slowing

stasis

366

small

micro

367

small intestine

entero

368

small sac

crypto

369

soft

malaco

370

solid

stereo

371

solid body

stereo

372

soul

psycho

373

sound

phono; sono

374

speech

lalo; phaso

375

spinal cord

myelo

376

spine

rachi; rachio; spondylo

377

spleen

spleno

378

split

schizo

379

sternum

sterno

380

stiff

ankylo

381

stitching

orrhaphy

382

stomach

gastro

383

stone

litho; calculus

384

stopping

stasis

385

straight

ortho; recto

386

strange

xeno

387

strength

stheno

388

stretching

ectasia; ectasis

389

study of

logo

390

suffering

patho

391

sugar

glyco

392

surgically molded

plasto

393

suturing

orrhaphy

394

sweat

hidro

395

swelling

cele; edema; onco

396

tail

caudo

397

tear

dacryo; lacrimo

398

tendons

teno

399

testes

orchido

400

testicle

orchido

401

thick

pachy

402

thigh

femoro

403

thin

lepto

404

thirst

dipso

405

thorax

thoraco

406

threadlike

fibro

407

three

tri

408

throat

pharyngo

409

through

dia; per; trans

410

time

chrono

411

tissue

histo

412

to

ad

413

to bear

paro

414

to do the opposite

de

415

to eat

phago

416

to free of

dis

417

to remove entirely

de

418

to separate

dis

419

to undo

dis

420

together

sym; syn

421

together with

con

422

tongue

glosso

423

tooth

dento; odonto

424

toward

ad

425

trachea

tracheo

426

transparent

hyalo

427

treatment

therapo

428

tube carrying urine from kidney to bladder

uretero

429

tube for discharge of urine from bladder

urethro

430

tumor

cele; oma; onco

431

turning

tropo

432

twice

bi; dia

433

twisted

scolio; strepto; varico

434

twitch

spasm

435

twitching

spasm

436

two

bi; dia

437

tympanic membrane

myringo

438

umbilicus

omphalo

439

under

cata; infra; sub

440

unequal

aniso

441

union

sym; syn

442

upon

epi

443

upper arm

brachio

444

upper arm bone

humero

445

ureter

uretero

446

urethra

urethro

447

urine

uro

448

uterus

hystero; metri

449

uvula

staphylo

450

vagina

colpo

451

varicose

varico

452

vein

phlebo; varico; veno

453

vena cava

veno

454

vessel

angio; vaso

455

vessel carrying blood from heart

arterio

456

viscera

viscero

457

vision

opia; opto; optico

458

visual condition

ophthalmo

459

voice

phono

460

vomit

emesis

461

washing

clyso

462

water

hydro

463

wax

cer

464

weight

baro

465

well

eu

466

white

leuko

467

wind pipe

tracheo; broncho

468

wing

ptergo

469

with

con; cata

470

within

eso; in; intra

471

without

a; an

472

woman

gyneco

473

wonder

terato

474

work

ergo

475

wrist

carpo

476

yellow

xantho