Medical Terminology - grouped by word part Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medical Terminology - grouped by word part Deck (377):
1

a

without; not

2

ab

from/off; away from

3

abdomino

abdomen

4

acro

extremities

5

actino

ray

6

acu

needle; clear; sharp

7

ad

toward; to; addition to; intensification

8

adeno

gland

9

aero

air; gas

10

algesi

sensitivity to pain

11

algia

pain; painful condition

12

allo

other; different

13

ambi

both; both sides

14

amnio

amnion

15

an

without; not

16

andro

man; male

17

angio

vessel

18

aniso

unequal; asymmetric; dissimilar

19

ankylo

stiff

20

ante

before; forward

21

antero

in front of

22

anti

against

23

antro

cavity; antrum; sinus

24

appendico

appendix; attached to a larger part

25

arterio

artery; vessel carrying blood from heart

26

arthro

joint; articulation

27

atelo

incomplete development; imperfect

28

athero

porridge like

29

audio

hear; hearing

30

auto

self

31

baro

weight; heavy; pressure

32

bi

two; double; twice

33

bio

life

34

blasto

germ; embryonic

35

blepharo

eyelid

36

brachio

upper arm

37

brady

slow

38

broncho

windpipe

39

burso

bursa; sac

40

caco

bad; diseased; abnormal

41

calcaneo

heel

42

calculus

stone

43

carcino

cancer

44

cardio

heart

45

cario

decay

46

carpo

wrist

47

cata

down; downward; under; against; lower; with

48

caudo

tail

49

cele

rupture; hernia; swelling; tumor

50

centesis

puncture

51

cephalo

head

52

cer

wax

53

cerebro

brain

54

cervico

neck; neck of organ; cervix

55

cheilo

lip

56

chiro

hand

57

chloro

green

58

chole

gall; bile

59

chondro

cartilage

60

chromo

color

61

chrono

time

62

circum

around

63

clasia

breaking

64

clyso

washing; irrigation

65

cocco

bacteria

66

colo

large intestine; colon

67

colpo

vagina

68

con

with; together with

69

condylo

condyle

70

contra

against

71

core

pupil

72

coreo

pupil

73

corneo

portion of eye; cornea

74

cortico

outer layer; cortex

75

costo

rib

76

cranio

skull; cranium

77

cryo

cold; freezing

78

crypto

hidden; small sac

79

cyano

blue

80

cyclo

ciliary body; circular

81

cysto

bladder; fluid filled sac

82

cyto

cell

83

dacryo

tear

84

dactylo

fingers or toes; digits

85

de

from; away; off; down; to do the opposite; to remove entirely

86

dento

tooth

87

dermato

skin

88

dermo

skin

89

dextro

right

90

dia

through; two; twice; apart; away from

91

diplo

double

92

dipso

thirst

93

dis

to free of; to separate; to undo

94

dorso

back

95

dromo

running

96

dynia

pain

97

dys

bad; difficult; painful

98

eclectro

electrical

99

ectasia

stretching; dilation

100

ectasis

stretching; dilation

101

ecto

outer; outside

102

ectomy

excision; removal

103

ectopo

out of place

104

edema

swelling

105

emesis

vomit

106

emia

blood

107

encephalo

brain

108

endo

inner; inside

109

entero

small intestine

110

epi

over; upon

111

ergo

work

112

erythro

red

113

eso

within; inward

114

esophago

food pipe; esophagus

115

esthesio

feeling; sensation

116

etio

cause

117

eu

well; easy; good

118

ex

out from

119

external

outer

120

extra

outside; beyond; in addition to

121

febri

fever

122

femoro

Thigh

123

fibro

fiber; threadlike

124

ganglio

mass of tissue; ganglion

125

gastro

stomach; abdomen

126

geno

origin; produce; bear

127

geri

old age

128

geronto

old age

129

gingivo

gums

130

glio

glue; neuroglia

131

glosso

tongue

132

glyco

sugar

133

gnatho

jaw

134

gnosia

knowledge

135

gonio

joint; angle

136

gramo

record; drawing

137

grapho

instrument for recording

138

gyneco

woman

139

hemato

blood

140

hemi

half

141

hemo

blood

142

hepato

liver

143

hetero

different; another

144

hidro

sweat

145

histo

tissue

146

homo

same

147

humero

upper arm bone; humerus

148

hyalo

glassy; transparent

149

hydro

water; fluid

150

hyper

above; excessive; beyond

151

hypo

less than normal; deficient; below

152

hystero

uterus

153

ichthyo

fish

154

idio

personal; one's own; private; distinctive; peculiar

155

in

within; not

156

infra

below; under; beneath

157

ino

fiber; fibrous

158

inter

between

159

intra

within

160

irido

iris of eye

161

iro

iris of eye

162

ischio

ischium; portion of pelvis

163

iso

equal

164

itis

inflammation

165

kerato

horny; cornea

166

kinesio

movement; motion

167

labio

lip

168

lacrimo

tear

169

lalo

speech; disordered speech; babble

170

laparo

abdominal wall

171

laryngo

organ of voice; larynx

172

latero

side

173

lepsy

seizure

174

lepto

thin; light; slender

175

leuko

white

176

lipo

fat

177

litho

stone

178

logo

science; study of

179

lumbo

lumbar; low back and sides; loins

180

lympho

lymph

181

lyso

breaking down; destruction

182

macro

large; abnormal size

183

mal

bad; poor; abnormal

184

malaco

soft

185

mania

madness

186

medio

middle

187

megalo

large; enlarge; great; huge

188

melano

black; dark

189

melo

limb

190

meningo

meninges; membranes covering spinal cord

191

meno

menses; menstruation

192

meso

middle

193

meta

after; change

194

metri

uterus

195

metro

measure

196

micro

small

197

mono

one

198

morpho

form

199

muco

mucus

200

multi

many

201

myco

Fungus

202

myelo

spinal cord; bone marrow

203

myo

muscle

204

myringo

eardrum; tympanic membrane

205

narco

sleep

206

naso

nose

207

necro

death

208

neo

new

209

nephro

kidney

210

neuro

nerve; neuron

211

nevo

birthmark; mole

212

nocti

night

213

nulli

none

214

nycto

night; darkness

215

oculo

eye

216

odonto

tooth

217

oid

resemble; like

218

oligo

few; little; scant

219

oma

tumor

220

omphalo

umbilicus; navel

221

onco

tumor; mass; swelling

222

onycho

nail

223

oo

egg

224

oophoro

ovary

225

ophthalmo

eye; visual condition

226

opia

vision

227

optico

vision

228

opto

vision

229

orchido

testes; testicle

230

orrhagia

hemmorage; excessive flow

231

orrhaphy

suturing; stitching

232

orrhea

flow; discharge

233

orrhexis

rupture; hernia

234

ortho

correct; straight; normal

235

osis

Condition

236

osmo

odor; sense of smell

237

osteo

bone

238

ostomy

forming an opening

239

oto

ear

240

otomy

incision

241

oxy

sharp; acute; acid

242

pachy

thick

243

pan

all

244

papillo

papilla; nipple like

245

par

near; beside

246

para

near; beside

247

paralysis

loss of voluntary function

248

paro

to bear

249

patho

disease; suffering

250

pelvi

pelvis bone; basin shape

251

penia

decrease; deficiency

252

pepso

digestion

253

per

through

254

peri

around

255

perineo

perineum; pelvic floor

256

pexo

fixation; fastening

257

phago

to eat; ingestion

258

phalango

bones of fingers or toes

259

phallo

penis

260

pharyngo

throat

261

phaso

speech

262

philo

attraction to

263

phlebo

vein

264

phobo

fear of

265

phono

voice; sound

266

phoro

carry; bear

267

photo

light

268

phreno

diaphragm; mind

269

phyto

plant

270

pilo

hair

271

plasmo

formation; molded

272

plaso

formation; molded

273

plasto

repair; surgically molded

274

platy

flat; broad

275

plego

paralysis

276

pleuro

pleura; side

277

plici

fold

278

pneo

breathe; breathing

279

pneumo

lung

280

pneumono

lung

281

podo

foot

282

polio

gray

283

poly

many

284

post

after; behind

285

postero

behind; after

286

pre

before

287

primi

first

288

pro

before; in front of

289

procto

anus; recturm

290

proto

first

291

pseudo

false

292

psycho

soul; mind

293

pterygo

wing

294

ptosis

prolapse; drooping; dropping

295

pubo

pubis portion of pelvis; grown up

296

pyelo

renal pelvis

297

pyo

pus

298

pyro

fire; heat; fever

299

rachi

spine

300

rachio

spine

301

radiculo

root

302

recto

rectum; straight

303

reno

kidney

304

retino

retina portion of eye

305

retro

backward; behind

306

rhino

nose

307

salpingo

fallopian tubes

308

sanguino

blood

309

sarco

flesh

310

schizo

split

311

sclero

hard

312

scolio

curved; curvature; twisted; crooked

313

scopo

examine

314

scoto

darkness

315

sebo

fatty secretion; sebum

316

semi

half

317

sen

old age

318

septo

infection

319

sinistro

left; left handed

320

sito

food

321

somato

body

322

somno

sleep

323

sono

sound

324

spasm

twitch; twitching

325

spermato

seed

326

sphygmo

pulse

327

spiro

breath

328

spleno

spleen

329

spondylo

spine

330

staphylo

cluster; uvula

331

stasis

stopping; slowing

332

steno

narrowness; constriction

333

stereo

solid; solid body

334

sterno

sternum; chest

335

stheno

strength

336

stigmato

mark; point

337

stomato

mouth

338

strepto

twisted

339

sub

under; below

340

super

above; more than normal

341

supra

above; more than normal

342

sym

together; joined; union

343

syn

together; joined; union

344

tachy

fast; rapid

345

tele

distant; far

346

teno

tendons

347

terato

monster; wonder

348

tetra

four

349

thanato

death

350

thelo

nipple

351

therapo

treatment

352

thermo

heat

353

thoraco

thorax; chest

354

thrombo

clot

355

tome

cutting

356

tracheo

wind pipe; neck; trachea

357

trans

across; over; through

358

tri

three

359

tricho

hair

360

tripsy

crushing

361

tropho

nourishment (development)

362

tropo

turning

363

tympano

eardurm

364

ultra

beyond

365

uni

one

366

uretero

ureter; tube carrying urine from kidney to bladder

367

urethro

urethra; tube for discharge of urine from bladder

368

uro

urine

369

varico

vein; twisted; varicose

370

vaso

vessel; vein

371

veno

vein; vena cava

372

ventro

belly; front

373

vesico

bladder

374

viscero

internal organs; viscera

375

xantho

yellow

376

xeno

strange; foreign

377

xero

dry