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Flashcards in medications Deck (46):
1

aspirin (ASA)

antiplatelet: prevents platelet aggregation

2

Epogen® (epoetin alfa)

helps to build red blood cells

3

Neupogen or Neulasta (filgrastim)

helps to build white blood cell

4

Hydrea® (hydroxyurea)

mimics fetal hemoglobin to prevent increased number of crisis

5

Desmopressin (DDAVP)

Hemophilia A

6

Allopurinol (Zyloprim)

Hyperuricemia leukemia

7

Heparin

anticoagulant (early in DIC to prevent clot formation)

8

antibodies that help fight infections

gammaglobulins

9

leukopenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia, lymphadenopathy, joint swelling, bone pain, weight loss, anorexia, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, and central nervous system dysfunction

clinical manifestations of leukemia

10

Infections and ulcerations, especially of the respiratory tract, skin, vagina, and gastrointestinal tract
Signs and symptoms of infection (e.g., fever, malaise, and chills)

neutropenia

11

bone marrow transplant Isn't recommended for patients over

50-55

12

clinical manifestation; sense of fullness in the abdomen - hepatomegaly and spelomegaly

leukemia

13

chronic lymphoid leukemia the culprits of hypogammaglobulin anemia

strep pneumoniae , staphococcus aureus, and h influenza

14

in CLL the diagnostic hallmark is

increase in lymphocytes (WBC increase)

15

chronic myeloid leukemia will be positive for

positive for philadelphia chromosome

16

enlarged spleen

chronic myeloid leukemia

17

flu like symptoms, bone pain, spleen and liver pain

leukemias

18

chronic myelogenous leukemia have 3 courses

chronic phase- slow; not any specific symptoms; weakness and weightloss
short accelerated- characteristics by enlargement of spleen wbc are deteriorating
terminal blast cell crisis- full prognosis ; precursors are blast cells

19

solid tumor composed of neoplastic lymphoid cells

lymphomas

20

breaks down the cells; filter for blood in the immune system

spleen

21

pruritis

itching

22

sign and symp of hodgkin and non hodgkins lymphoma

splenomeagly; painless enlarged nodes; weight loss and fever

23

plasma cell cancer

multiple myeloma

24

bone cancer/ bone pain

is very hard to treat

25

clinical manifestations of hypercalcemia

stones
bones will break
abdominal moans- abdominal pain (constipation)
psychic groans CNS effects -weakness, confusion

26

electrolyte that flips with calcium

phosphorus

27

2 signs of hypocalcemia

chvosick and trousseau

28

hypocalcemia clinical manifestation

CATS
convulsions
arrhythmia
tetany
stridor/spasms

29

hyperphosphaemia

main cause is renal failure

30

plays an important role in phosphate absorption

vitamin D

31

hemophilia A is treated with

ddvap

32

what drug is used to treat enuresis / bed wetting

ddvap

33

can cause significant bleeding with trauma and surgery

von willebrands disease

34

difference between Idiopathic Thrombocytopenia Purpura and Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP)

idiopathic is hypo coagulation
thrombotic is hyper coagulation

35

incomplete formation of the blood cells

schistocytes

36

schistocytes are often seen in patients with what anemia

hemolytic anemia

37

decreases O2-carrying capacity leads to

hypoxia

38

manifestations of pernicious anemia

memory changes, positive babinski (flare out bad adult), paresthesia

39

positive babinski (flare up) is normal on

a child

40

schillings test

pernicious anemia

41

manifestations are anemia, leukopenia, thrombopenia

aplastic anemia

42

hypoxia

is cellular level

43

sickle cell anemia has problems with what organ

spleen

44

triangle to treat sickle cell anemia

dehydration, pain, o2

45

jaundice happens

with the breakdown of rbc

46

Abnormally high erythrocytes

polycythemia