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Flashcards in Medicine 1 Deck (17):
1

Almshouses

Houses paid for and built by someone, open a charity, where poor people, mainly the old or the sick, can live when they are unable to work

2

Asclepions

Ancient Greek places of healing that were temples to Asclepius

3

Autopsy

The opening up of a corpse to find why they died

4

Cauterise

Burning the skin or flesh of a wound with a heated instrument or caustic substances in order to stop bleeding or to prevent infection

5

Cesspits

A pit or hole in the ground to dispose of sewage

6

Doctrine of signatures

States that herbs that resemble various parts of the body can be used by herbalists to treat ailments of these parts of the body.

The doctrine dates from Galen's time

7

Dunghills

A heap of waste left to rot

8

Hippocratic Oath

A promise made by people when they become doctors to do everything possibles to help their patients and to have high moral standards in their work

9

Malnourishment

Not enough to eat

10

Mortality

Death rate, usually measured per thousand of the population

11

Physic garden

Garden solely used for growing herbs used in preparing medicine and treating illnesses

12

Dysentery

Infection of the intestines resulting in severe diarrhoea containing blood or mucus

13

Typhoid

A bacterial infection that can spread throughout the body, affecting many organs

14

Smallpox

A serious, highly contagious, and often life-threatening infection marked by a rash of round pox (blisters) on the face, arms, and legs. It is caused by the Variola virus.

15

Measles

A highly infectious viral illness, aka rubeola. Causes a total body skin rash and flu like symptoms

16

Epidemic

A sudden, widespread occurrence of an infectious disease

17

Leper houses

Much like a 'quarantine' for those with leprosy, which was a contagious skin disease