Flashcards in Medicine-Background Deck (10):
Who was Hippocrates?
A rich man with lists of spare time
What did Hippocrates contribute to medicine?
The first real explanation for illnesses that wasn’t God. Creates theory of 4 humours and observation, diagnosis, prognosis
What is the theory of the 4 Humours
An imbalance in the 4 humours (phlegm, blood, black bile and yellow bile) causes illness and you need to regain that balance to recover
Who was Galen?
Greek physician working in Rome
What did Galen contribute to medicine?
Proved that the brain, not the heart, controlled the body (live pig experiment). Used Hippocrates Theory of the 4 humours to develop Theory of Opposites. Thought to stay healthy you needed to eat, sleep and exercise in a balanced manner. Did human body dissections.
How did Galen impact medical teaching?
Wrote books used in the teaching of medicine
Why did the Church support Galen's ideas?
He thought the human body was so amazing it must have been designed by God. It agreed with their ideas.
What are the agents of change?
Wealth, War, Individuals, Governments, Chance,Change, Science and Technology, Communications and Religion
What were Galen's method of treatment?
Diet and exercise, bleeding and 4 Humours/Theory of Opposites