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Flashcards in Medicine-Background Deck (10):
1

Who was Hippocrates?

A rich man with lists of spare time

2

What did Hippocrates contribute to medicine?

The first real explanation for illnesses that wasn’t God. Creates theory of 4 humours and observation, diagnosis, prognosis

3

What is the theory of the 4 Humours

An imbalance in the 4 humours (phlegm, blood, black bile and yellow bile) causes illness and you need to regain that balance to recover

4

Who was Galen?

Greek physician working in Rome

5

What did Galen contribute to medicine?

Proved that the brain, not the heart, controlled the body (live pig experiment). Used Hippocrates Theory of the 4 humours to develop Theory of Opposites. Thought to stay healthy you needed to eat, sleep and exercise in a balanced manner. Did human body dissections.

6

How did Galen impact medical teaching?

Wrote books used in the teaching of medicine

7

Why did the Church support Galen's ideas?

He thought the human body was so amazing it must have been designed by God. It agreed with their ideas.

8

What are the agents of change?

Wealth, War, Individuals, Governments, Chance,Change, Science and Technology, Communications and Religion

9

What were Galen's method of treatment?

Diet and exercise, bleeding and 4 Humours/Theory of Opposites

10

How did Galen learn about anatomy about the human body?

He was a Gladiator Surgeon, did public dissections on apes pigs and goats