Medicine: BP&Pharmaceutical Analysis Flashcards Preview

Pharmacy Year 2 Semester 1 > Medicine: BP&Pharmaceutical Analysis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medicine: BP&Pharmaceutical Analysis Deck (29):
1

Name 4 sources of impurities

Raw materials, manufacturing method, decomposition, environment

2

Name the 10 important characteristics to check regarding making drugs

identity, purity, uniformity (monograph)
Potency, efficacy, toxicity,
Packaging, labelling, storing, stability

3

The pharmacopoeias and compendia are under which bit of law?

Human Medicines Regulations (HMR) 2012
Part 15

4

What does the Human Medicines Regulations (HMR) 2012 contain?

official (British or European) medicinal products and pharmaceutical substances

5

The European/British Pharmacopoeia defines requirements for...

Qualitative and quantitative composition of medicines
and
Tests to be carried out of medicines and on substances and materials used in their production

6

What substances does the European/British Pharmacopoeia cover?

-active substances, excipients and preparations of chemical, animal, human or herbal origin
-homeopathic preparations and stocks
-antibiotics
-dosage forms and containers
-includes texts on biological, blood and plasma derivatives, vaccines and radiopharmaceutical preparations

7

Name 3 Pharmacopoeias

European Pharmacopoeia (EP)
British Pharmacopoeia (BP)
British Pharmacopoeia (Veterinary) - published as companion volumes to BP

8

The European Pharmacopoeia is under the direction of...

Council of Europe

9

The British Pharmacopoeia is under the direction of..

British Pharmacopoeia Commission Secretariat of MHRA

10

The British Pharmacopoeia is the only offical source of...

British pharmaceutical standards

11

British Pharmacopoeia comprises of....what 2 things?

1)Substances used in the practice of medicine (not veterinary)
2) Substances and articles used in the manufacture of (1)

12

Which takes precedence, European Pharmacopoeia or British Pharmacopoeia?

European

13

If a product is labelled BP, then it must conform with the standards specified in that monograph.
Name an offence(s) regarding this

to sell, supply or dispense a medicinal product of a particular name (if that name is at the head of a monograph in a pharmacopoeia) and the product does not comply with the standards specified in he monograph

14

Name the specified publications under HMRs 2012

-European Pharmacopoeia
-British Pharmacopoeia
-Cumulative List of Recommended International Non-proprietary Names (INN)

15

INN=

BP+EP

16

MHRA=

Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency

17

BP originated in what year?

1864

18

What is in a BP Monograph? (7)

-Description of the product
-Identification tests
-Physical constants (e.g. diffractive index)
-Minimum purity standards
-Assay of active pharmaceutical ingredients
-Limit test (controls impurity levels)
Storage conditions

19

Describe solubility statements in..
1)Characteristics section
2)Under headings such as Solubility in ethanol

1) Just a guideline and not official requirement
2) official requirement

20

Identification tests.. are hey absolute proof or not?

Not

21

Visual comparative tests take place in?

Identical tubes with a flat base
Nessler cylinder

22

Rules for BP Assays?

Quantity taken for assay must not deviate by more than 10% from that stated

23

Weighing needs to be to what accuracy?

+/- 5 units after the last figure

24

When do you use a pipette, volumetric flask or burette to measure a volume?

If the figure after the decimal point is a zero or ends in a zero

25

When do you use a graduated cylinder or graduated pipette to measure volume?

If the figure after the decimal point is NOT a zero or ends in a zero

26

Loss on drying reflects what?

The net weight of a pharmaceutical substance under certain specified conditions of heat, pressure and duration.

27

What does drying to a constant mass imply?

+/- 0.5mg difference in weight between two dryings

28

What is a limit test?

When standards are used to control the presence of toxic impurities.

29

Give an example of a limit test

Comparing colour or turbidity of a prescribed solution against a standard solution with known amounts of impurities