Medieval Period/Middle Ages and Latin West and Renaissance Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medieval Period/Middle Ages and Latin West and Renaissance Deck (28):
1

Feudal System

people give land in exchange for military service

2

Noble/Lord

powerful, gets king to sign Magna Carta.

3

Investiture Controversy

fight between Pope and Kings over who appoints bishops in realm of Kings ( decided as Worms that Pope will)

4

Simony

making profit from religious things, giving of money at church

5

Crucades

Byzantine Empire, council of Clairamond: asks Pope Urban the 2nd for help, 15 years after schism, meeting saying that Christians should rule holy land instead of Muslims
1) gives common enemy so little providences stop fighting
2) younger brothers have opportunity to get land
3) trade oppertunities

6

Charlemagne

unites entire Latin West for only one time, after dies it splits, rules with pope (religion and politics ties)

7

Pope Urban 2nd

asked by king of Byzantine Empire to help, starts crucades

8

Canon Law

laws made that Christian figures have to follow in the church

9

Venice

wealthy trade port city, involved in Crusades, exported tiles and competed with London in selling and updating them

10

Black Death

ends feudal system, kills many, serfs now go to cities and have opportunity to move up in social and economic system

11

Hanseatic League

league of merchants protecting their rights and boundaries

12

Guilds

specialized groups that helped with the economical and political interests of a profession

13

Medici Family

Jewish merchant bankers who would pay interest and started the art movement of the time

14

Renaissance

movement of culture and artwork

15

Universities

enabled for specialization interest, all Latin speaking, now non-religious people can be educated

16

Scholasticism

scholars of theology and those who studied it and applied it (even to the church!)

17

Humanists

scholars of language, literature, history

18

Vernacular

language of commoners, eventually printed books in this causing more peasants to become literate, scholars only used Latin

19

Shakespeare

poet and writer of the time whose works are still loved since they were printed and spread throughout the west by the printing press

20

Great Western Schism

between Phillip the Fair and Pope Boniface, 2 popes (french and italian), then goes back to pope being housed in Rome

21

Magna Carta

says king is not above the law

22

Hundred Years War

France vs England over who gets to rule France, Joann of Arc burned at stake

23

New Monarchies

rulers over nations making gov more centralized

24

Johann Gutenberg

makes Gutenberg Bible which is first book to be published, makes printing press off of Chinese moveable type ideaology

25

Printing Press

made by Gutenberg, not lit to vast novels, writing in vernacular so commoners more literate,

26

Leonardo da Vinci

painted the Mona Lisa, great Western European artist

27

Michelangelo

great artist of his time who painted the Sistine Chapel

28

Age of Exploration/Maritime Revolution

with crusade interactions with middle east and exchange of cultures people wish to travel as a pastime not as a nessecity