Memory Flashcards Preview

Y12 AS Psychology > Memory > Flashcards

Flashcards in Memory Deck (29):
1

What is coding?

The format in which memory is stored

2

What is capacity?

The amount of information that can be held in the memory store

3

What is duration?

The length of time something is stored

4

What is STM?

Short term memory
Temporary store

5

What is LTM?

Long term memory
Permanent memory store

6

What is the multi store model of memory?

A representation of how memory works in terms of three stores called sensory register, STM and LTM

7

What are the features of STM?

Limited capacity
Short duration - roughly 30 seconds
Acoustic coding

8

What are the features of LTM?

Unlimited capacity - thought to last a lifetime
Semantic and visual coding

9

What are the types of LTM?

Procedural memory
Semantic memory
Episodic memory

10

What is procedural memory?

Memory responsible for knowing how to do things
Doesn't require a conscious effort

11

What is the semantic memory?

Memory which stores information about the world
Requires a conscious effort

12

What is episodic memory?

Memory which stores information about events
Requires a conscious effort

13

What does the multistore model explain?

How the memory flows through the memory system passing through 3 stores, linked by processing

14

What are the components of the multi store model of memory?

Sensory register
STM
LTM

15

How are things coded for in the sensory register?

They are specific to the sense

16

What is the duration of the sensory register?

Less than half a second

17

What does the working memory model explain?

The organisational structure of the short term memory and its functions

18

What are the components of the working memory model?

Central executive
Visuospatial sketchpad
Episodic buffer
Phonological loop

19

What does the central executive do?

Involved in problem solving and decision making
Controls attention

20

What is the storage capacity of the central executive?

Limited

21

What does the visuospatial sketch pad do?

Stores visual and spatial information about the surroundings

22

What is the capacity of the VSS?

Limited

23

What is the episodic buffer responsible for?

Integrating and manipulating material
Recalling information from LTM and integrate it into STM when required

24

What is the capacity of the episodic buffer?

Limited

25

What are the two parts to the phonological loop?

Phonological store
Articulatory control

26

What does the phonological store do?

Allows accoustically coded items to be stored for a brief period

27

What does the articulatory control do?

Allows sub vocal repetition of the items stored in the phonological store

28

What does proactive interference mean?

Forgetting occurs when older memories already stored, disrupt the recall of newer memories

29

What does retroactive interference mean?

Forgetting occurs when newer memories disrupt the recall of older memories already stored