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Flashcards in Memory Disorders Deck (24):
1

subject memory complaints predicts what?

predate formal deficits in some dementia

2

Case of HM was?

bilateral mediall temporal lobe resection = no long term memory creation, amnesia, but intact procedural and working memory

3

Immediate memory is?

short=term, keeping info like digits in our heads and manipulate if need be

4

long term memory is?

storing information over minutes/hours/years

5

what is non-declarative memory?

skills/habits
priming/classical conditioning

6

what is 2 kinds of declarative memory?

episodic: events
semantic: facts (banana is yellow)

7

semantic memory contextual?

Nope

8

3 important brain areas for declarative memory? damage does what?

1. Hippocampus
2.entorhinal cortex
3. perirhinal cortex
damage to any of the three causes memory deficits

9

Right hippocampus better for?

non verbal memory: faces, visuospatial associations

10

left hippocampus better for?

verbal: list learning/story recall

11

4 big causes of memory impairment?

1. degenerative disorders
2. cerebrovascular disorders
3. paroxysmal/transient (eg. trauma)
4. surgical resection

12

what happens to hippocampus in temporal lobe epilepsy? histologically and clinically?

hippocampal sclerosis (CA1)
declarative memory deficit

13

what happens if you remove mammillary bodies?

dense amnesia

14

what is transient global amnesia?

anterograde amnesia from some precipitating event, unknown cause

15

3 kinds of transient memory disorders?

1. transient global
2. transient epileptic
3. post-traumatic

16

what't eh most common dementia?

Alzheimer's ~50%

17

what is first signs of Alzheimers

mild cognitive impairment

18

mild cognitive impairment is what 4 things?

1. self reported complaint, hx 6-12mo
2. objective memory impairement
3. general cog is good
4. normal ADLs

19

Alzheimers Braak and Braak stag V-VI affects?

neocortex

20

Alzheimers Braak and Braak stage I-II affects?

transentorhinal

21

Alzheimers Braak and Braak stage III-IV affects?

limbic system

22

what are two early memory compalints in MCI?

1. name-face association
2. object -place association

23

dysnomia is?

fluent empty language

24

alzheimer's affects not just memory but?

language too