Memory K & W chap 18 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Memory K & W chap 18 Deck (15):
1

Short -term memory

recent sensory, motor, or cognitive information

2

Long term memory

Explicit-events and facts that you can spontaneously recall.
Episodic- personal experiences
Semantic- facts

Implicit- nonconsious-skills, habits, priming, conditioning

Emotional (conscious and nonconsious) - Attraction, avoidance, fear

3

The Case of H.M. revealed...

1. the temporal lobe's role in memory
2. memory exist in multiple systems-long and short term. Each kind of memory is mediated by different neural systems
3. Selective brain damage can result in the loss of memory abilities

4

Childhood amnesia

an inability to remember events from infancy or early childhood

5

Fuge State

Memory loss of personal history, sudden and usually transient

6

anterograde amnesia

inability to acquire new memories (H.M)

7

retrograde amnesia

inability to access old memories

8

Time dependent retrograde amnesia

Commonly produced by a TBI, the injury determines how far back in time the amnesia extends

9

System consolidation Theory

the hippocampus consolidates new memories, a process that makes them permanent. The memories are stored elsewhere in the brain.

10

Multiple Trace Theory

1. In any learning event memories of many types are encoded in parallel in different brain locations
2. Memories change throughout a person's life as the recalled reevaluated and restored
3. Different Kinds of memory, being stored in different locations are differential susceptible to brain injury

11

Reconsolidating Theory

Proposes that memories will rarely consist of a single trace or neural substrate.

12

Explicit memory

events facts

13

Episodic memory

memory of life experiences centered on the person-a life history

14

Semantic Memory

Knowledge about the world

15

Brain Regions of Episodic memory

The central frontal and Temporel lobes are connected by the uncinate fascicles pathway