Flashcards in Memory K & W chap 18 Deck (15):
Short -term memory
recent sensory, motor, or cognitive information
Long term memory
Explicit-events and facts that you can spontaneously recall.
Episodic- personal experiences
Implicit- nonconsious-skills, habits, priming, conditioning
Emotional (conscious and nonconsious) - Attraction, avoidance, fear
The Case of H.M. revealed...
1. the temporal lobe's role in memory
2. memory exist in multiple systems-long and short term. Each kind of memory is mediated by different neural systems
3. Selective brain damage can result in the loss of memory abilities
an inability to remember events from infancy or early childhood
Memory loss of personal history, sudden and usually transient
inability to acquire new memories (H.M)
inability to access old memories
Time dependent retrograde amnesia
Commonly produced by a TBI, the injury determines how far back in time the amnesia extends
System consolidation Theory
the hippocampus consolidates new memories, a process that makes them permanent. The memories are stored elsewhere in the brain.
Multiple Trace Theory
1. In any learning event memories of many types are encoded in parallel in different brain locations
2. Memories change throughout a person's life as the recalled reevaluated and restored
3. Different Kinds of memory, being stored in different locations are differential susceptible to brain injury
Proposes that memories will rarely consist of a single trace or neural substrate.
memory of life experiences centered on the person-a life history
Knowledge about the world