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Flashcards in Mental Health Deck (28):
1

Affect

A psychological term for an observable expression of emotion.

2

Aggression

any act that is intended to cause pain, suffering, or damage to another person.

3

Alienation

The state of being emotionally separated from others and from one's own feelings.

4

Antidepressants

Medications used to treat depression

5

Antisocial behavior

A pattern of behavior that is verbally or physically harmful to other people, animals, or property, including behavior that severely violates social expectations for a particular environment.

6

Antisocial-personality disorder

A behavior disorder developed by a small percentage of children with conduct disorder whose behavior does not improve as they mature. Also known as sociopathic or psychopathy.

7

Anxiety/ anxiety disorders

An unpleasant emotion triggered by anticipation of future events, memories of past events, or ruminations about the self.

8

Apathy

can be defined as an absence or suppression of emotion, feeling, concern or passion, and it is an indifference to things generally found to be exciting or moving.

9

Applied psychology

The area of psychology in which basic theory and research are applied to the actual problems faced by individuals on a daily basis.

10

Attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder

Disorder characterized by attentional deficit and/or hyperactivity—impulsivity more severe than expected for a developmental age.

11

Autism

A severe psychological disorder that first appears in early childhood and is characterized by impaired social interaction and language development, and other behavioral problems.

12

Autonomic nervous system

he nervous system responsible for regulating automatic bodily processes, such as breathing and heart rate. The autonomic system also involves the processes of metabolism, or the storage and expenditure of energy.

13

Avoidance learning

An individual's response to avoid an unpleasant or stressful situation; also known as escape learning.

14

Behavior therapy

A goal-oriented, therapeutic approach that treats emotional and behavioral disorders as maladaptive learned responses that can be replaced by healthier ones with appropriate training.

15

Biofeedback

A technique that allows individuals to monitor their own physiological processes so they can learn to control them.

16

Bipolar disorder

A condition (traditionally called manic depression) in which a person alternates between the two emotional extremes of depression and mania (an elated, euphoric mood).

17

Body image

The subjective conception of one's own body, based largely on evaluative judgments about how one is perceived by others.

18

Central nervous system

In humans, that portion of the nervous system that lies within the brain and spinal cord; it receives impulses from nerve cells throughout the body, regulates bodily functions, and directs behavior.

19

Classical Conditioning

The process of closely associating a neutral stimulus with one that evokes a reflexive response so that eventually the neutral stimulus alone will evoke the same response.

20

Cognitive Behavior Therapy

A therapeutic approach based on the principle that maladaptive moods and behavior can be changed by replacing distorted or inappropriate ways of thinking with thought patterns that are healthier and more realistic.

21

Defense Mechanism

Unconscious strategies for avoiding or reducing threatening feelings, such as fear and anxiety.

22

Delay of Gratification

The ability to forgo an immediate pleasure or reward in order to gain a more substantial one later.

23

Delusion/Delusional Disorders

Beliefs that are in stark contrast to reality, often having to do with persecution or an exaggerated sense of importance or glory.

24

Depression

An emotional state or mood characterized by one or more of these symptoms: sad mood, low energy, poor concentration, sleep or appetite changes, feelings of worthlessness or hopelessness, and thoughts of suicide.

25

Desensitization

A behavior modification technique used to combat phobias and other irrational fears.

26

Drug Therapy

Medications administered to help people suffering from psychological illnesses.

27

Ego

is that portion of the personality that imposes realistic limitations on the id.

28

Emotional Development

The process by which infants and children begin developing the capacity to experience, express, and interpret emotions.