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Health Terms > Mental Health > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mental Health Deck (37):
1

Affect

expression of emotion or feelings displayed to others through facial expressions, hand gestures, voice tone, and other emotional signs such as laughter or tears.

2

Antidepressants

drugs are used to alleviate the symptoms of depression and are also sometimes used to treat other psychological disorders, including anxiety disorders, seasonal affective disorder, and some eating disorders.

3

Antisocial personality disorder

A.K.A: psychopathy, sociopathy, dissocial personality disorder, or dyssocial personality disorder
- A diagnosis applied to persons who routinely behave with little or no regard for the rights, safety, or feelings of others

4

Anxiety disorders

group of mental disturbances characterized by anxiety as a central or core symptom.
- Everyone who experiences anxiety doesn’t necessarily have an anxiety disorder

5

Apathy

An absence or suppression of emotion, feeling, concern or passion. An indifference to things generally found to be exciting or moving

6

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder
(ADD or ADHD)

A chronic developmental disorder characterized by attention problems, including distractibility, hyperactivity, impulsive behaviors, and the inability to remain focused on tasks or activities.

7

Autism

A complex developmental disorder distinguished by difficulties with social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and behavioral problems, including repetitive behaviors and narrow focus of interest.

8

Behavior Therapy or Behavior Modification

Psychological treatment with a goal to replace undesirable behaviors with more desirable ones through positive or negative reinforcement of adaptive behavior.

9

Biofeedback

patient-guided treatment that teaches an individual to control muscle tension, pain, body temperature, brain waves, and other bodily functions and processes through relaxation, visualization, and other cognitive control techniques.

10

Bipolar disorder

Formerly known as: manic depression

A psychiatric disorder characterized by severe and unusual changes in energy level, mood, and interactions with others.

11

Body image

A mental opinion or description that individuals have of their own physical appearance
It is a subjective concept, based on comparisons to socially constructed standards or ideals.

12

Cognitive behavior therapy

An action-oriented form of psychosocial therapy that assumes that maladaptive, or faulty, thinking patterns cause maladaptive behavior and negative emotions.

13

Delusion/delusional disorders

psychotic condition characterized by recurrent or persistent non-bizarre delusions, without other obvious symptoms of mental illness.
Delusions are false beliefs, based on a mistaken interpretation of reality.

14

Depression

Can affect not only the personal mood and internal thoughts of a person, but also the outwardly physical functions of affected individuals.

15

Desensitization

A treatment method which weakens the learned association between anxiety and feared objects or situations by strengthening another response—in this case, relaxation—that is incompatible with anxiety.

16

Ego

That portion of the personality that imposes realistic limitations on the id.

17

Emotional Intelligence

Ability to perceive and constructively act on both one’s own emotions and the feelings of others.

18

Empathy

The capacity to vicariously experience and understand the thoughts and feelings of another person by putting oneself in that person's place.

19

Extroversion

A term used to characterize people who are typically outgoing, friendly, and open toward others.

20

Forgetting curve

The general, predictable pattern of the process of forgetting learned information

21

Id

The id is the part of the personality that includes such basic biological impulses or drives as eating, drinking, eliminating wastes, avoiding pain, attaining sexual pleasure, and aggression.
The id operates on the "pleasure principle," seeking to satisfy these basic urges immediately with no regard to consequences.

22

Impulse control disorders

A psychological disorder characterized by the repeated inability to refrain from performing a particular action that is harmful either to oneself or others.

23

Inferiority complex

A psychological condition that exists when a person's feelings of inadequacy are so intense that daily living is impaired.

24

Introversion

A commonly used term for people who are quiet, reserved, thoughtful, and self-reliant and who tend to prefer solitary work and leisure activities.

25

Mania

A description of the condition opposite depression in manic-depressive psychosis, or bipolar disorder. It is characterized by a mood of elation without apparent reason.

26

Mental imagery

A picture created by the imagination with no visual stimulus required.

27

Narcissism

Excessive preoccupation with self and lack of empathy for others.

28

Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Mental illness characterized by the recurrence of intrusive, anxiety-producing thoughts (obsessions) accompanied by repeated attempts to suppress these thoughts through the performance of certain irrational, often ritualistic, behaviors (compulsions)

29

Panic disorders

An acute feeling of intense fear, accentuated by increased heart rate, shortness of breath, sweating, and mild convulsions.

30

Passive aggressive personality

Its main distinguishing feature is indirect resistance to the demands or expectations of others through stubbornness, forgetfulness, inefficiency, procrastination, and other covert means.

31

Placebo

substances with no known pharmacological value that are given to members of a control group in an experiment.

32

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

A psychological disorder that develops in response to an extremely traumatic event that threatens a person's safety or life.

33

Psychosis

A symptom of mental illness characterized by a radical change in personality and a distorted or diminished sense of objective reality.

34

Rapid eye movement

rapid eye movement (REM) sleep is also called active sleep because the EEG (electroencephalogram) patterns in this stage are similar to the patterns during the awake stage.

35

Self-esteem

an important component of emotional health, self-esteem encompasses both self-confidence and self-acceptance.

36

Self-fulfilling prophecy

An initial expectation that is confirmed by the behavior it elicits.

37

Superego

In psychoanalytic theory, the part of the human personality that represents a person's inner values and morals; also known as conscience.