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Flashcards in Mental Health part 2 Deck (186)
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1

reduction in or lack of energy

anergia

2

an inability to find meaning or pleasure in existence

anhedonia

3

a classification of more recently released antidepressants affecting a variety of neurotransmitters

atypical antidepressants

4

a mild to moderate mood disturbance characterized by chronic depression syndrome that is usually present for at least 2 years

dysthymic disorder

5

an effective tx for depressio nin which a grand mal seizure is induced by passing an electrical current through electrodes that are applied to the temples. The admin of a muscle relaxant minimizes seizure activity and prevents damage to long bones and cervical vertebrae

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

6

the spending of increased time in sleep, possibly to escape from painful feelings; however the incresed sleep is not experienced as restful or refreshing

hypersomina

7

inabilty to fall asleep or to stay asleep, early morning awakening or both

insomnia

8

a classificati nof antidepressants that inhibit monoamine oxidase, an enzyme that breaks dowm amines such as serotonin and norepinephrine. The use of this necessitates the adoption of a tryamine-free diet bc of potentially fatal interactions

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI)

9

a pervasive and sustained emotion that, when extreme, can markedly color the way individual perceives the world

mood

10

PT may constantly pace, bite their nails, smoke, tap their fingers, or engage in some other tension relieving activity

psychomotor agitation

11

slowed and difficult movements to complete inactivity and incontinence

psychomotor retardation

12

1st line antidepressants that block the reuptake of serotonin, permitting serotonin to act for an extended period at the synaptic binding sites in the brain

selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI)

13

drugs that inhibit the reuptake of norepinephrine and serotonin by presynaptic neurons in the CNS, increasing the amount of time norepinephrine and serotonin are available to the postsynaptic receptors

tricyclic antidepressants

14

name the 3 types of mood disorders

major depressive disorder
dyshymic disorder
postpartum depression

15

the primary alteratio nin depression is what

mood, rather than in thought or perception

16

the most common cause of depression is

neurobiologic (serotonin & norepinephrine)

17

serotonin does what

regulates sleep, apettite, mood

18

low levels of norepinephrine does what

no energy, cant concentrate

19

both serotonin and norepinephrine are involved in what

perception of pain

20

depression can occur because of medication side effects such as

corticosteriods, anti psycotic, anti HTN, anti parkinsons

21

depression can occur because of neurological disorders such as

CVA, brain tumor (temporal lobe), alzhiemers

22

depression an occur because of electrolyte disturbances such as

excessive amounts of sodium or calcium or a deficit in Mg

23

depression can occur because of nutritional deficiencies such as

deficit in B1 (thiamin), zinc, folic acid, niacin

24

what psychosocial event can cause depression

reactio nto life events, early life trauma

25

plays a part in the stress response, if you have a major stressor, can deplete norepinephrine stores which causes depression

norepinephrine

26

Sx of depression

mood sadness, despair, emptiness, adhedonia, low self esteem, apathy, low motivation, social withdraw

27

single or recurrant episode, experience pain an dsuffering, does not function normally, Sx persist over a minumial 2 week period

major depressive disorder

28

For DSM what must you hve for major depressive disorder

loss of ability to experience pleasure in life*
depresssed mood, anhedonia, change in weight, psychomotor agitation or retardation, fatigue, anergia, feelings of worthlessness, diminished concentration, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide
*must have this

29

Melancholic features

complete loss of pleasure in life and inability to feel better, feels worse in morning, weight loss, excessive guilt, has psychotic features

30

postpartum onset

within 4 weeks postpartum, delusional thoughts about infant signigy risk of harm to infant