Meteorology Flashcards Preview

Fall 2016 - Kike's Exams > Meteorology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Meteorology Deck (50):
1

Water covers ____% of the Earth's surface

70%

2

97 % of the water on the Earth is found in the?

oceans

3

2% of the water on the Earth is found in the?

glaciers

4

1% of the water on the Earth is?

freshwater

5

The process of liquid water changing to a gas is called water vapor?

Evaporation

6

Who causes evaporation to happen?

The sun

7

the invisible gas form of water is called?

Water Vapor

8

the process of water vapor(a gas) changing to liquid water is called?

Condensation

9

rain, snow, sleet or hail are different forms of?

Precipitation

10

water in the form of droplets that condenses on objects are called?

Dew

11

a collection of water droplets or ice crystals is called?

Cloud

12

highest clouds; feathery clouds are called?

cirrus clouds

13

fluffy; clouds with flat bottoms (look like cauliflower) are called?

cumulus clouds

14

lowest clouds, layered clouds, cover the sky like a sheet are called?

Stratus clouds

15

layers of air that surround the Earth; made of the gases carbon dioxide, nitrogen, oxygen, and water vapor is called?

atmosphere

16

weather and clouds occur here?

troposphere:

17

contains ozone layer, airplanes fly up into this layer ?

stratosphere

18

coldest layer?

mesosphere

19

northern and southern lights occur here

thermosphere

20

outer layer, next to outer space?

exosphere

21

1.water cycle
2.seasonal changes
3.greenhouse effect
Are ways that the atmosphere receives?

HEAT

22

water molecules evaporate and warm the atmosphere

1.water cycle

23

the Earth's tilt on its axis and its position around the sun cause different places on Earth to be warmer or colder

2.seasonal changes

24

some of the sun's rays bounce off the Earth and get
trapped in the atmosphere by the stratosphere

3.greenhouse effect

25

measures wind direction

weather vane

26

winds in a large area of the world that almost always blow in the same direction are called?

prevailing winds?

27

measures wind speed?

anemometer

28

What come before change in the weather?

windy days

29

The force of the atmosphere pressing down on Earth's surface is called?

air pressure

30

improving weather means?

High pressure

31

what is the symbol of improving weather?

the symbol is H

32

stormy weather means?

low pressure

33

What is the symbol for low pressure?

the symbol is L

34

What measures air pressure?

Barometer

35

drop in temperature is called?

Cold front

36

What does warm air do?

rises

37

What does cold air do?

Sinks

38

powerful storms with lightning and thunder is called?

a thunderstorms

39

rotating funnels of air that touch the ground are called?

tornadoes

40

tropical storms that occur over warm water is called?

hurricanes

41

tropical storms that occur over warm water is called?

hurricanes

42

specific conditions on a particular day?

weather

43

patterns of weather that occur over long periods of time?

climate

44

maps that identify fronts, areas of high and low pressure and temperatures?

weather map

45

contains cameras to take pictures of cloud patterns, snow and ice

weather satellite

46

the study of weather is called?

meteorology

47

scientist who studies and forecasts weather are called?

meteorologist

48

measures rainfall?

rain gauge

49

measures rainfall?

rain gauge

50

measures air temperature?

thermometer