Micro - Antimicrobials (Antimicrobial prophylaxis & Treatment of resistance bacteria) Flashcards Preview

FA - Microbiology > Micro - Antimicrobials (Antimicrobial prophylaxis & Treatment of resistance bacteria) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Micro - Antimicrobials (Antimicrobial prophylaxis & Treatment of resistance bacteria) Deck (15):
1

What drug is used as antimicrobial prophylaxis for endocarditis with surgical or dental procedures?

Penicillins

2

What drug is used as antimicrobial prophylaxis for gonorrhea?

Ceftriaxone

3

What drug is used as antimicrobial prophylaxis for a history of recurrent UTIs?

TMP-SMX

4

What is the drug of choice as antimicrobial prophylaxis for meningococcal infection? What is the used for children in this case?

Ciprofloxacin (drug of choice), rifampin for children

5

What drug is used as antimicrobial prophylaxis for a pregnant woman carrying group B strep?

Ampicillin

6

What drug is used as antimicrobial prophylaxis for prevention of gonococcal or chlamydial conjunctivitis in newborns?

Erythromycin ointment

7

What drug is used as antimicrobial prophylaxis for prevention of postsurgical infection due to S. aureus?

Cefazolin

8

What drug is used as antimicrobial prophylaxis of step pharyngitis in child with prior rheumatic fever?

Oral penicillin

9

What drug is used as antimicrobial prophylaxis for syphilis?

Benzathine penicillin G

10

For what infection are HIV patients with CD counts below 200 cells/mm^3 given prophylaxis? What is the main antimicrobial used as prophylaxis? What else could be used, and in what context?

Pneumocystis pneumonia; TMP-SMX; Aerosolized pentamidine may be used if patient is unable to tolerate TMP-SMX

11

For what infections are HIV patients with CD counts below 100 cells/mm^3 given prophylaxis? What is the antimicrobial used as prophylaxis? What else could be used, and in what context? What is the limitation of this other drug?

Pneumocystis pneumonia & Toxoplasmosis; TMP-SMX; Aerosolized pentamidine may be used if patient is unable to tolerate TMP-SMX, but this may not prevent toxoplasmosis infection concurrently

12

For what infection are HIV patients with CD counts below 50 cells/mm^3 given prophylaxis? What is the antimicrobial used as prophylaxis?

Mycobacterium avium complex; Azithromycin

13

What are 5 treatments for MRSA?

(1) Vancomycin (2) Daptomycin (3) Linezolid (can cause serotonin syndrome) (4) Tigecycline (5) Ceftaroline

14

What are 2 treatments for VRE?

(1) Linezolid (2) Streptogramins (quinupristin/dalfopristin)

15

Again, what are the 5 treatments for MRSA? Which of these is associated with a major side effect, and what is that side effect?

(1) Vancomycin (2) Daptomycin (3) Linezolid (can cause serotonin syndrome) (4) Tigecycline (5) Ceftaroline

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