Micro Summary: Type & Growth Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Micro Summary: Type & Growth Deck (94):
1

Bacteriodes:
Bacilus, Prevotella, Porphoryngeus

Gram- Anaerobic

2

Histotoxic Clostridia (C. perfringens, C. septicum), C. tetani, C. botulism

Gram+ Anaerobic Spore-forming Rod

3

C. difficile

Gram+ Anaerobic Rod

4

Campylobacter jejuni

Gram- Microaerophilic Curved/gull-winged Motile Oxidase+ Rod that grows best at 42*C

5

Haemophilus influenzae

Gram- Coccobacillus that grows on Chocolate agar

6

Mycoplasma Pneumoniae

Bacteria w/ sterols & no cell wall

7

Escherichia coli

Gram- Facultatively anaerobic Motile Oxidase- Glucose+ Lactose+ H2S- Rod that grows on MacConkey agar

8

Salmonella

Gram- Facultatively anaerobic Motile Oxidase- Glucose+ Lactose- H2S+ Rod that grows on MacConkey agar

9

Shigella

Gram- Facultatively anaerobic Motile Oxidase- Glucose+ Lactose- H2S- Rod that grows on MacConkey agar

10

Klebsiella

Gram- Facultatively anaerobic Rod

11

Yersinia pestis

Gram- Facultatively anaerobic Oxidase- Safety-pin-shaped Rod

12

Chlamydia trachomatis

Intracellular Obligate Parasite

13

Treponema pallidum

Spirochete

14

Rickettsia rickettsii

Gram- Intracellular Obligate Parasite

15

Borrelia burgdorferi

Gram- Spirochete

16

Bacillus anthracis

Gram+ Spore-forming Medusa's-head-shaped Rod

17

Francisella tularensis

Gram- Coccobacillus

18

Helicobacter pylori

Gram- Microaerophilic Motile Urease+ Curved Rod

19

Enterococcus faecium

Gram+ Facultatively Anaerobic Coccus in pairs & chains

20

Staphylococcus aureus

Gram+ Catalase+ Coagulase+ Coccus in clusters with Beta-hemolysis

21

Staphylococcus epidermidis

Gram+ Catalase+ Coagulase- Coccus in clusters

22

Acinetobacter baumanii

Gram- Anaerobic Rod

23

Neisseria meningitidis

Gram- Non-motile Oxidase+ Diploccocus that grows on Thayer-Martin media

24

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Gram- Motile Oxidase+ Diploccocus that grows on Thayer-Martin media

25

Streptococcus pyogenes

Gram+ Non-motile Catalase- Coccus with Beta-hemolysis

26

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Gram+ Facultatively anaerobic Catalase- Lancet-shaped Coccus with Alpha-hemolysis

27

Listeria monocytogenes

Gram+ Facultatively anaerobic Catalase+ Oxidase+ Rod with Incomplete beta-hemolysis

28

Legionella pneumophila

Gram- Aerobic Coccobacillus

29

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Gram- Aerobic Motile Oxidase+ Rod

30

Mycobacterium tuberculosis & leprae

Acid-fast Bacillus with a Waxy cell wall

31

Corynebacterium diphtheria

Gram+ Aerobic Club-shaped Rod that grows on Tellurite Salts

32

Vibrio cholera

Gram- Facultatively anaerobic Oxidase+ Comma-shaped Rod that grows on TCBS

33

Bordetella Pertussis

Gram- Aerobic Coccobacillus

34

Candida albicans

Yeast

35

Cryptococcus neoformans & gattii

Yeast with a capsule & melanin

36

Dermatophytes

Mold with keratin

37

Pneumocystis jiroveci

Mold that lacks ergosterol

38

Aspergillus fumigatus & niger

Mold with spores

39

Zygomycoses: mucor, absidia, rhizopus, rhizomucor

Mold with high affinity for vascular structures

40

Sporothrix schenckii

Mold

41

Dematiaceous

Mold

42

Penicillum marneffei

Mold

43

Fusarium

Mold

44

Scedosporium

Mold

45

Histoplasma capsulatum

Dimorphus Fungus

46

Coccidiodes immitis

Dimorphus Fungus with spores

47

Blastomyces dermatidis

Dimorphus Fungus

48

Entamoeba histolytica

Protozoan

49

Acanthamoeba

Protozoan

50

Naegleria fowleri

Protozoan

51

Giardia lamblia

Protozoan

52

Cryptosporidium

Protozoan

53

Microsporidium

Protozoan

54

Trichomonas vaginalis

Protozoan
Pear-shaped, flagellated organisms w/ twitching motility

55

Plasmodium falciparum

Protozoan

56

Plasmodium vivax & ovale

Protozoan

57

Babesia

Protozoan
Maltezer cross, tick vectors

58

Leishmania

Protozoan

59

Trypanosoma

Protozoan

60

Toxoplasma gondii

Protozoan
IOP

61

Ascaris lumbricoides

Helminths: Roundworms: Intestinal Nematodes

62

Hookworm (Necator americanus, Ancylostoma duodenale)

Helminths: Roundworms: Intestinal Nematodes

63

Pinworm (Enterobius vermicularis)

Helminths: Roundworms: Intestinal Nematodes

64

Strongyloides stercoralis

Helminths: Roundworms: Intestinal Nematodes

65

Whipworm (trichuris trichiura)

Helminths: Roundworms: Intestinal Nematodes

66

Onchocerca, Wuchereria, Brugia

Helminths: Roundworms: Tissue Nematodes

67

Trichinella

Helminths: Roundworms: Tissue Nematodes

68

Schistosoma hepatobium, japonicum, & mansoni

Helminths: Flatworms: Trematodes (flukes)

69

Taenia solium

Helminths: Flatworms: Cestodes (tapeworms)

70

Taenia saginata

Helminths: Flatworms: Cestodes (tapeworms)

71

Echinococcus granulosus

Helminths: Flatworms: Cestodes (tapeworms)

72

Poliovirus

Picorna
(+)ssRNA
Unenveloped

73

HIV

Retro
Linear ssRNA

74

HAV

Picorna
+ssRNA
Self-resolving

75

HBV

Hepadna
Incomplete dsDNA
Severe

76

HCV

Flavi
+ssRNA
Enveloped
Moderate

77

HDV

-RNA
Severe

78

HEV

Calci
+ssRNA
Self-resolving

79

HSV

Herpes

80

HPV

Papova
Circular dsDNA
Unenveloped
Capsid
5-7 early & 2 late proteins

81

VZV

Herpes

82

Norovirus

Calci

83

Rotavirus

Reo
dsRNA
Unenveloped
Icosahedral capsid
>1 segments

84

Adenovirus

dsDNA
Unenveloped

85

Hantavirus

Bunya
-RNA
Enveloped

86

Rabies

Rhabdo
-RNA
Enveloped
Helical capsid
Bullet-shaped

87

Smallpox

Orthopox
dsDNA

88

VHFs

RNA

89

EBV

Herpes

90

Influenza

Orthomyxo
-ssRNA
Segments, Types A, B & C

91

Mumps

Paramyxo
-ssRNA

92

Measles

Paramyxo
-ssRNA

93

Rubella

Toga
+ssRNA

94

RSV

Paramyxo