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Flashcards in Mid-term 2 Deck (73):
1

mock judicial speeches

Controversia

2

elementary exercises, speech offering advice to a public figure

suasoria

3

means 'father of this country' (Cicero)

pater patriate

4

Cesar, Crassus, Pompey

First Triumvirate

5

Antony, Lepidus, Octavian

Second Triumvirate

6

How did Cicero die

One of his enemies, Marc Antony executed him

7

De Inventione & De Oratore

Cicero's 2 most famous works

8

"the civilizing force that makes human life possible"

Cicero's definition of rhetoric

9

Invention, Disposition, Style, Memory, Delivery

Cicero's 5 Canons of Rhetoric

10

a means for developing an argument by thinking though the points of conflict (Cicero)

stasis

11

location; a way to organize potential arguments

loci

12

considered Rome's most famous orator and teacher of oratory

Cicero (Rome)

13

the most famous teacher of rhetoric in Rome

Quintilian (Rome)

14

One of Cicero's famous works; written in response to Plato's criticism of the Gorgias

De Oratore

15

Quintilian's multi-volume work about the lifelong education of the perfect orator

"institutes of oratory"

16

"the art of the good citizen speaking well"; believed you have to be a good man to be an orator

Quintilian's definition of rhetoric

17

Existence, Definition, Quality

Quintilian's 3 Bases

18

exordium (intro), narratio (facts), confirmatio (evidence), confutatio (refutation), peroratio (conclusion)

parts of a judicial speech

19

the emotional power of language combined with great ideas

sublime

20

mental conception, emotions, fashioning of figures, diction, arrangement

Longinus' 5 sources of great writing

21

like Plato, he thought you should use rhetoric for teaching and search of divine wisdom

St. Augustine (Middle Ages/Christian Europe)

22

great speeches are the result of:

research, analysis, practice, and application (Quintilian; education the orator)

23

wrote 'On the Sublime' (emphasizes principles of good writing),

Longinus (Rome)

24

the revival of Greek teaching of oratory, focused on style and deliver over character (which contradicted Rome's teachings)

Second Sophistic

25

viewed as the inventor of literary criticism

Longinus (Rome)

26

finding material for understanding scripture & expressing the ideas found

modus inveniendi & modus proferendi

27

roman rhetorician, created an impression that the rhetorical tradition was incompatible with Christianity

Martinus Capella (Middle Ages/Christian Europe)

28

said that a 'heavily armed woman' was a representation of rhetoric

Martinus Capella (Middle Ages/Christian Europe)

29

arithmetic, geometry, music (harmonics), astronomy

quadrivium

30

logic, grammar, rhetoric (important for public service or serving in church)

trivium

31

responsible for introducing rhetoric as a discipline important to Christianity

St. Augustine (Middle Ages/Christian Europe)

32

combined rhetorical theory with Plato (teaching and search for divine wisdom) and Cicero (inventing of arguments)

St. Augustine (Middle Ages/Christian Europe)

33

Aristotle's fragments of sentences from his writings; used to prove points in a scholastic debate

sententia

34

debating general topics drawn from argumentative statements; methodical way of testing opinions

disputatio

35

the art of preaching

ars praedicandi

36

the art of letter writing

ars dictamen

37

the art of poetry/ study and style of the written word

ars poetraie

38

a women master of letter writing

Catherine of Siena (Middle Ages/Christians Europe)

39

leaving out conjunctions between parallel or word clauses

asyndeton

40

referring to an object by mentioning an associated item or person

metonymy

41

comparing an object or idea to another apparently different object or idea

metaphor

42

raising an issues by a cursory or glancing reference to it

paralepsis

43

using conjunctions between parallel works or clauses

polysundeton

44

addressing or making reference to an individual or group that is not present

prosopopoeia

45

use of the whole to represent a part, or part for a whole

synecdoche

46

Europe's first professional woman writer

Christine de Pisan (Renaissance)

47

said language and rhetoric were key to women's advancement

Christine de Pisan (Renaissance)

48

novelist and essayist and leading figure in France

Madame de Scudery (Renaissance)

49

encouraged women to seek social status through writing not beauty

Madame de Scudery (Renaissance)

50

believed that everything needed to live a life of wisdom and morality could be found in the classical Greek and Roman texts

Italian Humanism

51

teacher or student of classical literature and the arts (rhetoric)

unamista

52

one of the earliest and on of the originators of the Humanist movement

Petrarch (Renaissance)

53

fears that rhetoric could be perverted if not anchored in Christian wisdom

Petrarch (Renaissance)

54

helped with the revival in writings of Cicero

Petrarch (Renaissance)

55

life of active political and social involvment

vida activa

56

promotes dialectic (wisdom) over rhetoric (eloquence)

Agricola

57

known for scandalous attacks/criticizing on Aristotle, Cicero, and Quintilian

Peter Ramus (Middle Ages/Christian Europe)

58

said rhetoric was merely verbal ornamentation

Peter Ramus (Renaissance)

59

Italian philosopher; critic of Rene Descartes who despised rhetoric, said math was a rhetorical language

Giambattista Vico (Enlightenment)

60

focused on imagination and that was the first knowledge we produce

Giambattista Vico (Enlightenment)

61

ability to grasp similarities and relationships, comparing

ingenium (Vico)

62

the natural power of imagination that allowed early humans to make sense of the world

fantasia (Vico)

63

a group of educators that favored more of the Ciceronian approach to rhetoric

Scottish School

64

beautiful words

belle lettres

65

emphasis on style and taste

Belletrism Movement

66

leading proponent of Belletrism Movement

Hugh Blair (Enlightenment)

67

interested in sublime as a rhetorical theory

Lord Kames (Enlightenment)

68

important rhetorical theorist; said rhetoric and philosophy were inseparable; fascinated with the human mind

George Campbell (Enlightenment)

69

the art of talent by which DISCOURSE is adapted to its end

George Campbell's definition of rhetoric

70

his approach to rhetoric is focused on practical arguments; invention is key

Richard Whately (Enlightenment)

71

the idea that the status-quo must stand until some compelling reason comes along to compel change (innocent till proven guilty)

presumption

72

focused on delivery of speeches; common for young girls and boys to take these classes much like piano class

Elocutionary Movement

73

women abolitionist, spoke on the evils of slavery, people gathered to hear them speak, used scripture to justify their work

Sarah and Angelina Grimke