Mid Term #2 Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Mid Term #2 Review Deck (30):
1

Who was Quintus Lollius Urbicus?

The Governor of Brittania from 138-144.

2

How are Greeks represented? And why were they represented in this way?

Often painted as white; everything is whitewashed, however when we think of Greece in today's terms, we don't think of it's people as being "white." They were represented as being "White"' because of imperial power, which translated to "white" colonial power. And these areas' past had to serve the colonists' present.

3

What is significant about the Head of Augustus (27-25 BC, Sudan)?

Augustus was ruler when Christ was born; the Bronze head was captured by an enemy (Egypt) and then humiliatingly buried. This was after Augustus defeated Mark Antony and Cleopatra to capture Egypt. None of his portraits show any signs of him aging.

4

(Definition) Golden period of stability and prosperity in the Roman Republic.

Pax Romana

5

Who is Octavian?

Augustus Caesar

6

What was Constantinople often referred to as?

"The New Rome"

7

What is the significance of the Icon of the Triumph of Orthodoxy (1350-1400 AD, Constantinople)?

Reestablished such veneration as the touchstone of the true Orthodox faith, the central focus of the Byzantine Devotion, and a vital ingredient in the survival and the flourishing of the Empire.

8

What is the significance of the Pillar of Ashoka (238 BC, Uttar Pradesh)?

Seven major edicts were carved onto pillars, this one depicts #6, which declares Ashoka's benevolent policy towards every sect and every class in his empire. Religious freedom was promoted in the empire.

9

What is the significance of the Gold Coins of Kumaragupta (415-450 AD, India)?

The Gupta dynasty from the time period established temple Hinduism in something like its modern form.

10

(Definition) The right moral stance/ way of people in this universe.

Dharma

11

What was the Kamasutra?

A behavior handbook that offered information such as hygiene tips and dating advice.

12

What is the significance of the Gold Coins of Abd al-Malik (696-697 AD, Syria)?

These were minted around the time of Muhammad's death and contain the first known depiction of a Muslim. They continued to be used until about WW1.

13

What culture emphasized tribal and kinship ties, preferred to marry first cousins, and insisted that one's foremost allegiance was to family members and other tribe members?

Bedouin Culture

14

Where did Muhammad flee to (from Mecca) when some of his followers began to disagree with him in 622?

Medina

15

When is the start of the Islamic calendar?

622 AD

16

What is the significance of the Chinese Tang Tomb Figures (728 AD, Henan Province)?

The ancient Chinese believed that one should have all their important belongings with them in the afterlife; these tomb figures warded off evil spirits.

17

What is the significance of the Silk Princess Painting (600-800 AD, Xinjiang)?

It was found on the Silk Road, was intricately painted on a plank of wood, is about 1400 years old.

18

(Definition) A network of roads spanning 4000 miles that linked the Pacific to the Mediterranean.

The Silk Road

19

Where was the end of the Silk Road?

Japan

20

What group of beliefs state that there are gods manifested in physical forms, such as rocks and trees?

Shinto Beliefs

21

How did the Japanese form their own written language?

They took Chinese characters and gave them distinct, new sounds.

22

What types of writing did the Japanese use before creating their own writing system?

Mostly just Buddhist writings that were written in Chinese.

23

(Definition) A term that describes one of the key fascinations for Heian elite high-culture. A fixation or fascination with splendor.

Eiga

24

How could one tell that women were highly regarded in Heian Japan?

Women lived alone even if they were married. It was frowned upon for a woman not to have multiple partners.

25

What is the significance of the Hoxne Pepper Pot (350-400 AD, Suffolk England)?

It is one of the first pieces of modern art that people might recognize. Many household décor items are modeled after it.

26

Where does the word "ketchup" originate?

China

27

What types of things were considered "spices" in ancient times?

Rare items such as cinnamon, ginger, cardamom, silk, tortoise shells, or pelts of certain animals.

28

(Definition) Refers to a group of rare goods during the Roman Empire.

Spice

29

When did foreign goods begin being transported into different civilizations?

About 1000 AD

30

Why did most people in ancient times have sheep/goats instead of cows?

Cows were too expensive to maintain.