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Flashcards in Mid Term Deck (67):
1

The gland located in the throat that produces a hormone that regulates metabolism is called the: ____________

thyroid gland

2

The amount of energy used at a complete rest is called: _______

basal metabolic rate. (BMR)

3

✓ An eating disorder characterized by cycles of binging, & purging is called_________

bulimia

4

✓ ______ is the body’s first defense mechanism to infections.

skin

5

✓ Touching the handle of a towel dispenser that has just been touched by a person whose hands were contaminated by a sneeze is an example of:_

Indirect

6

✓ Microorganisms that are disease-causing agents are called: _________

pathogens

7

✓ Vaccines that are administered orally or by injection to form an artificial immunity are called: ______________

Arquied

8

✓ Human papilloma viruses have been associated with increased risk of:_

Cervical

9

✓ The concept of health which focuses on physical symptoms of disease and defines health as the absence of disease is called: ______

Medical Concept

10

✓ According to class discussion, people under the age of 45 are more prone to mental illness than older individuals. _________

TRUE

11

✓ ______ is a neurotransmitter in the brain believed to regulate our sleep, walk and talk patterns and is nick named as” sleep juice".

Cenitoin

12

✓ Of all the major religious groups in the U.S., the greatest proportion of suicide is committed by: ______

Protestants

13

✓ According to class discussion, frozen or canned fruits and vegetables are as nutritious as fresh. _____

Yes they are

TRUE

14

✓ The function of a dendrite is to: __________

Receives information other dencrities

15

✓ The function of an axon is to: ____________

Carry impulse to the end of the button

16

✓ The method by which the body defends itself from pathogens by physically separating the internal body from the external environment is called: ____

Mechanical

17

✓ To kill trichinella spiralis, food must be cooked to at1east ____degree Farhenit:

140 degree farhenit

18

✓ The effect of repeated stress on your blood sugar level may result in:_

Hyperglycemic effect

19

Telomerase is an enzyme that was discovered to combat aging. ______

TRUE

20

✓ Alzheimer's disease is characterized by: _________

Forgetfulness, memory loss, dehydration

21

vectors are non-living things that carry diseases.

false

22

✓ Asbestos is not a naturally occurring cancer causing substance.

FALSE

23

✓ Symptoms of Hepatitis A infection appear almost immediately. ______

False

24

✓ The number of existing cases of a disease or disability in a susceptible population is called: _______

prevalence

25

✓ The level of support and encouragement, or discouragement that significant people in your life bring to a situation is called: ________

reinforcing

26

✓ The number of new cases of a disease or disability is called: _______

incidences

27

✓ Getting immunized against diseases such as polio is an example of: _____

primary

28

✓ The nerve cells in the brain are called_______

Neurons

29

✓ Chemicals produced in various glands that regulate the functions of various organs of the body are called: _______

Hormones

30

✓ Getting immunized against diseases such as polio is an example of: _____

Primary

31

✓ Schizophrenia is characterized by ____ _____ _____

Senses, Change of emotion, movement and behaviors

32

✓ A type of depression in which the victim suffers from violent mood swings between exhilaration and depression is called: _______

Manic depression

33

✓ The mental and physical response of our bodies to any type of change is called: __________

Stress

34

✓ Schizophrenia is characterized by ____ _____ _____

Senses, Change of emotion, movement and behaviors

35

✓ The key region of the brain responsible for controlling the sympathetic nervous system and directing the stress response is called: ____________

Hyperthalamus

36

✓ The phase of the General Adaptation Syndrome in which the physical and psychological energy used to fight the stressors has been depleted is called: ___

exhaustion

37

✓ The branch of the autonomic nervous system that is responsible for stress arousal is: ____________

Sympathetic nervous system

38

✓ The pituitary hormone that stimulates the adrenal glands to secrete cortisol and Aldosterone is: _________

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH, Corticotropin)

39

✓ The method of determining body fat by measuring the amount of water displaced when a person is completely submerged is called: ________

hydrostatic weighing

40

✓ What happens when people lose weight? Hyperplasia and weight loss (refers to # of fat cells and size of fat cells).

The Size of the Fat Cell Decreases

41

✓ Exposure to asbestos is related to lung and gastrointestinal cancers but not to cancer of the larynx. ____________

false

42

✓ Asbestos is currently banned in the U.S._________

TRUE

43

✓ Researchers believe that aging is caused by harmful free radicals causing cellular damage. ______

TRUE

44

✓ _____ age is the most flexible of one’s age profile.

Psychological

45

✓ The most rapidly growing groups of elders in the US are: ____

100 and above

46

✓ _______ enables bacteria to survive environmental stress.

SPORE

47

✓ ______ are responsible for Cell Meditated immunity which is manufactured in the bone marrow.

cytotoxic T cells

48

It is easy to spot whole grain food products: They’re brown. ______

false

49

✓ Exposure to asbestos is related to lung and gastrointestinal cancers but not to cancer of the larynx. ____________

FALSE

50

✓ Asbestos is currently banned in the U.S._________

TRUE

51

✓ _______ enables bacteria to survive environmental stress.

SPORE

52

It is easy to spot whole grain food products: They’re brown. ______

FALSE

53

During the portal of exit, pathogenic agents leave their host through the _____ system.

Urinary, reproductive, respiratory

54

Vectors are non-living things that carry diseases.

FALSE

55

What is E-Coli?

Found in the intestines of animals

56

Calculate BMI

Wt. inkg / height (m)2

57

Your refrigerator should be maintained at... degrees Fahrenheit.

40

58

A type of depression that occurs in the winter months, when sunlight levels are low is called...

Seasonal effective disorder

59

A membrane that covers the brain

Meninges

60

An accumulation of fat beyond what is considered normal for a person's age, sex, and body type is called...

Obesity

61

Excessively low fat in female may lead to...

Amenorrhea

62

The theory of weight loss that proposes that a person's body has a weight at which it is programmed to be comfortable is called...

Set Point Theory

63

Fat that is necessary for normal physiological functioning is called...

Essential Fat

64

An inborn physiological response to nutritional needs is...

Hunger

65

✓ A meninges membrane that covers the internal part of the brain is called: _______

pipa

66

✓ A meninges membrane that covers the external part of the brain is called: _____

dura matters

67

Middle of the meninges membrane

archancy