Flashcards in Middle ages Deck (28):
the is the period after collapse of rome, Western Europe entered this period of political, social, and economic decline
dark ages (middle ages) (the age of faith)
(light of civilization went out)
what grew to be very powerful during middle ages
church (people of lower class obeyed faithfully.) (believed church leaders protected from evil)
Who carved western europe into small kingdoms, were farmers, no written law, tribal council elected officials, warriors
King of the franks, conquered roman province of Gaul, was the first to convert to christianity, Franks became catholic
---- worried about spread of muslims armies into africa and western europe, used frankish warriors to destroy Muslims
Charles "the hammer"Martel
Became third king of franks, Launched military campaing, Became rular of western europe on christmas day
(in st peters)
what are the parts of charlamanges empire
france, switz, belgium, netherlands, Italy Germany, and parts of germany / spain
Restored humanity of old roman empire, paved way for development of europe, by central gov,
Developed out of need for people to protect themselves and property. protection and safety created by social order,
--- would give land to ----, in return for loyalty. --- were given fief, land, castle... in return they would---
lords,,,, vassals,,,,,, military service, payments, advise
what is the order of feudal pyramid (9) least to greatest
(peasants,, serfs) (merchants, farmers, crafts men) (knight, vassal) (nobles) (monarch) Theology is over everything
What are steps of becoming a knight (3)
Page (serve lord),,, squire (Learning education),,,, knight (dubbed knight) knights were also involved mock battles
were farmers, ruled by cheifs in scandonavia, Good at raiding and sailng. broke last thread of unity in charlamanges empire
Why was medieval church such a big deal
largest public building, ritual was everyday, new gothic style churches.
What did medieval popes do
developed canon law, claimed supremacy, and excommunication / interdiction
who are the two reformers
Abbot berno, Oregory VII
who revived the benedictine rule and over the next 200 years many monasteries and convents copied these reforms
who insisted that the church chose officials and outlawed marriage for priests and the selling of church offices
Referring to middle ages in Europe or the period of history between ancient and modern times.
Loosely organized system of government in which local lords governed their own lands but owed military service and other support to a greater Lord.
In medieval Europe, a lord who was granted land in exchange for service and loyalty to a greater lord.
In medieval Europe, an estate granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for service and loyalty.
Code of conduct for knights during Middle Ages.
Sacred ritual of the Roman Catholic church.
The claim of medieval popes that they had authority over all secular rulers.
Having to do with worldly, rather than religious, matters: nonreligious.
Exclusion from the roman catholic church as a penalty for refusing to obey Church law.