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Flashcards in Middle ages Deck (28):
1

the is the period after collapse of rome, Western Europe entered this period of political, social, and economic decline

dark ages (middle ages) (the age of faith)
(light of civilization went out)

2

what grew to be very powerful during middle ages

church (people of lower class obeyed faithfully.) (believed church leaders protected from evil)

3

Who carved western europe into small kingdoms, were farmers, no written law, tribal council elected officials, warriors

The Franks

4

King of the franks, conquered roman province of Gaul, was the first to convert to christianity, Franks became catholic

Clovis

5

---- worried about spread of muslims armies into africa and western europe, used frankish warriors to destroy Muslims

Charles "the hammer"Martel

6

Became third king of franks, Launched military campaing, Became rular of western europe on christmas day

charlamange
(in st peters)

7

what are the parts of charlamanges empire

france, switz, belgium, netherlands, Italy Germany, and parts of germany / spain

8

Restored humanity of old roman empire, paved way for development of europe, by central gov,

charlamange

9

Developed out of need for people to protect themselves and property. protection and safety created by social order,

feudalism

10

--- would give land to ----, in return for loyalty. --- were given fief, land, castle... in return they would---

lords,,,, vassals,,,,,, military service, payments, advise

11

what is the order of feudal pyramid (9) least to greatest

(peasants,, serfs) (merchants, farmers, crafts men) (knight, vassal) (nobles) (monarch) Theology is over everything

12

What are steps of becoming a knight (3)

Page (serve lord),,, squire (Learning education),,,, knight (dubbed knight) knights were also involved mock battles

13

were farmers, ruled by cheifs in scandonavia, Good at raiding and sailng. broke last thread of unity in charlamanges empire

the vikings

14

Why was medieval church such a big deal

largest public building, ritual was everyday, new gothic style churches.

15

What did medieval popes do

developed canon law, claimed supremacy, and excommunication / interdiction

16

who are the two reformers

Abbot berno, Oregory VII

17

who revived the benedictine rule and over the next 200 years many monasteries and convents copied these reforms

abbot berno

18

who insisted that the church chose officials and outlawed marriage for priests and the selling of church offices

Oregory VII

19

Referring to middle ages in Europe or the period of history between ancient and modern times.

medieval

20

Loosely organized system of government in which local lords governed their own lands but owed military service and other support to a greater Lord.

feudalism

21

In medieval Europe, a lord who was granted land in exchange for service and loyalty to a greater lord.

vassal

22

In medieval Europe, an estate granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for service and loyalty.

fief

23

Code of conduct for knights during Middle Ages.

chivalry

24

Sacred ritual of the Roman Catholic church.

sacrament

25

The claim of medieval popes that they had authority over all secular rulers.

Papal supremacy

26

Having to do with worldly, rather than religious, matters: nonreligious.

Secular

27

Exclusion from the roman catholic church as a penalty for refusing to obey Church law.

excommunication

28

In the Roman Catholic Church, excommunication of an entire region, town, or kingdom

interdict