Middle Childhood Flashcards Preview

PTA 105 Growth and Development > Middle Childhood > Flashcards

Flashcards in Middle Childhood Deck (30)
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1

Growth milestones:
height:
weight:
body:

height: 2-3 inches per year

weight: 5-8 lbs per year

Body proportions change relative size of head decreases and muscle mass replaces baby fat.

2

general gains in these 4 motor capacities:

- flexibility (ligaments not fully adhered yet)
- balance (lowered COG)
- agility (faster, more accurate movements)
- force (development of large mm/mm groups)

3

______ promotes physical and mental growth.

physical activity

4

school-aged children should get ___ minutes a day of physical activity

60 minutes

5

the average 7-10 yr old needs _#_ cal/day. Should be a well balanced diet.

2400

6

Childhood obesity has ____ since the 1970s

tripled

7

_/5 children (6-19yo) are obese

1/5

8

A person's weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters

Body Mass Index (BMI)

9

Children BMI:

1. less than 5th percentile = _____
2. between the 5th and less than the 85th percentile = _____
3. 85th percentile to less than 95th percentile = _____
4. equal to, or greater than the 95th percentile = _____.

1. underweight
2. healthy weight
3. overweight
4. obese

10

4 effects of childhood obesity

- risk of developing chronic diseases
- lifelong inactivity
- altered bone development
- emotional and social problems

11

5 contributing factors to obesity:

- energy intake balance
- physical activity
- sedentary behavior
- environmental influences
- genetics

12

children ages 7-11yo are in Piaget's _____ stage

3rd stage, concrete operational stage

13

5 qualities of Piaget's concrete operational thought stage

- improved logical thought
- improved attention: selective and adaptive
- memory strategies
- improved reading and writing skills

14

Piaget's _____ stage:

- children become less egocentric
- children are able to reverse their thinking because they have acquired mental operations, which are actions that can be performed on objects or ideas, and that consistently yield a result.
- thinking is limited to the tangible and real

Pieget's 3rd stage. Concrete-operational period

15

Piaget's ___ stage:

- adolescents are able to apply psychological operations to abstract entities
- using deductive reasoning, adolescents understand that conclusions are based on facts

Piaget's 4th stage. Formal-operational thought

16

________ focus on the means by which children store information in permanent memory and retrieve it when needed later.

information-processing psychologists

17

3 memory strategies to learn new information:

1. rehearsal
2. organization
3. elaboration

18

effective use of strategies for learning and remembering begins with an analysis of the goals of any learning task and includes monitoring one's performance

metacognition

19

informal; language of conversation. Girls>boys

rapport talk

20

formal; language of giving information. Boys>girls

report talk

21

monitor performance in a mental activity and redirect when necessary

cognitive self-regulation

22

The foundations of reading include _____ and ______

letter recognition and phonological awareness

23

once individual words are recognized, reading begins to have a lot in common with understanding speech.

Children become more skilled at recognizing words, allowing effort to be devoted to comprehension

comprehension

24

3 factors of writing development

- knowledge about topics
- organizing writing
- mechanical requirements of writing

25

effective revising requires being able to detect problems and knowing how to correct them, skills that improve with age and experience

mechanical requirements of writing

26

understanding who we are. develops from experiences and comparisons made to others

self-understanding

27

4 factors of self-esteem

- academic competence
- social competence
- physical/athletic competence
- physical appearance

28

strong desire for group belonging

development of true friendships: 1-3 other kids

peer relationships

29

perspective taking - step into someone else's shoes

understanding reasons behind social conventions

moral development

30

decreased interactions with parents/family

parents shift into supervision/cooperative relationship

family influences